About the weather and fish
Fishing with float tackle in winter on small non-freezing rivers can sometimes be much more interesting and exciting than in the warm season. There are no resting people, not to mention the absence of vegetation both on the shore and in the water and a lower water level compared to the summer, which allows you to get close to an interesting place and make more competent wiring. But in order for fishing to be not only interesting, but also successful, it is advisable to approach the preparation and the fishing process itself more responsibly than in warm seasons. This also applies to the preparation of gear and all equipment in general, and the choice of location, and, of course, the weather. The best weather for fishing on non-freezing rivers is thaws with possible light rainfall. At this time, the water level rises, it becomes unclear, various food gets into the river with melt water from the banks, and the fish begins to show a very large, almost spring, activity.
You can safely fish without feeling any special discomfort, and in a light frost at temperatures up to – 5-6 degrees. But I advise you to refuse to visit open places in a strong blizzard and decent frost, if only because in such weather the float quickly becomes overgrown with weighty ice, which greatly complicates fishing. The same can happen with a rod, and the line can freeze. In addition, during heavy snowfall, it is very difficult to watch a float floating with the flow, disappearing every now and then behind a blanket of snow.
In addition to the weather, the location of the fish and its activity is also influenced by illumination. For example, a small fish such as bleak or gudgeon, in my opinion, is best caught on sunny days, at half-water and almost throughout the day. Roach or silver bream with breeder bite better on relatively warm and, as a rule, cloudy days, often even during various precipitations, be it sleet or even rain. Moreover, the roach can peck at this time practically throughout the entire daylight hours, but the breeder with silver bream is limited to short-term exits. Ide or chub are also not indifferent to this weather, but they usually activate in the late afternoon.
Of course, catching fish in winter conditions is very, very difficult. The catchy summer points may well turn out to be empty, and you literally need to get on the fish, that is, you simply have to try to guess its location at the moment and, of course, the depth of the fishwalk. Many believe that small rivers are inhabited mainly by one trifle, and larger fish, if present there, then only during the spawning run. To some extent, this is true. And nevertheless, even on small rivers in the winter season, it sometimes happens, as they say, to get a good bite of quite decent roach and silver bream and weighty, marketable size, undergrowth. Frequent bites and large chub or ide.
The search for the location of fish, the competent determination of catching points is of no small importance in the warm season, and even more so in winter. And although small rivers, as a rule, are “read” quite well and much easier than larger bodies of water, it is still worth approaching the search much more seriously, if, of course, you are interested not only in a walk in the fresh air, but also in catch. The bulk of fish at this time prefers to be located mainly in deeper places, in barrels, pits, in dam zones and, of course, in places of warm discharges. At the same time, fish regularly leave such places and move along the river in search of food.
In addition to the areas I have mentioned, relatively promising points on small rivers are located near various shelters for fish: near a tree that has fallen into the water, in snagged places, etc. And it is imperative to pay attention to the pre-estuarine sections of the rivers, where they usually expand, have the greatest depths and a less strong current. By the way, the possible location of fish on a medium-sized river can be fairly confidently judged by the nature of the water surface itself. As for the shallow areas, because of the high transparency of the water, the lack of underwater vegetation and the small amount of food, fish very rarely come out to them in winter, except during the days of prolonged thaws, and even then they are basically the same little things.