Winter bleak fishing. Part 1

This wonderful fish, which rarely exceeds 100 g in weight, is a pleasure to catch. And from a gastronomic point of view, it is an excellent delicacy when fried. But not all winter anglers know that March is the best time to catch ice bleak. In principle, bleak can be caught throughout the entire ice season. It is important to know the places where it concentrates at certain times. And this largely depends on the movement of plankton – the main food for bleak. Of course, in the wilderness, the activity of this frisky little fish is noticeably reduced in those reservoirs where underwater inhabitants lack oxygen in the water. March is another matter. In early spring, already in the first ten days of this month, melt water begins to flow under the ice, and flocks of bleak move from the depths to the coastal zone. In this case, bleak can occupy both bottom layers of water, and walk in half-water, or be literally 30-50 cm from the lower edge of the ice.

The March bleak still prefers not to go out into a strong current, taking a liking to calm places on the rivers, suvodi, the edges of whirlpools, the mouths of tributaries and streams. In reservoirs, the situation is somewhat different. Here, flocks of bleak usually appear from year to year on the last ice in the places of their traditional spawning grounds. For Moscow fishermen: on the Istra reservoir these are the so-called “pants” between Lechishchevo and Rozhdestveno, on the Mozhaisk reservoir – the bay near the village of Troitsa, etc. At the beginning of fishing, I usually use a feeder to deliver a portion or two of bait to the bottom. But this is in the event that there is no current or it is very weak. Then I try to determine at what level the bleak is today.

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Sometimes at a depth of 3-3.5 m bleak occupies the “upper floors”, but still it is attracted by the “column” of smell emanating from the aromatic bait at the bottom. The next step is to put dry food into the hole. Why is this done? Each time the bleak is played, food particles slowly begin to sink to the bottom, and this is what prompts the fish to rise higher, which naturally makes fishing easier. You have to feed constantly. It is not necessary to use proprietary formulations as a bait; a bait made of bread crumbs with a small addition of toasted and ground sunflower seeds “works” quite well. At the same time, Sensas, for example, produces special baits for carp fish when fishing in the upper layers or in half-water.

What gear are needed

When fishing for bleak from ice, before claiming decent catches, you need to take care of the most promising tackle and competent fishing technique. There are many recommendations on this matter. But here’s the deal. The most important thing that novice winter anglers do not take into account is the peculiarities of nagging fishing. And there are plenty of them. And first of all it concerns the tackle. Whatever fish you catch, the jig and nod rod remains the most versatile today. With regard to bleak, I can say the following. The nod tackle is preferable, first of all, in frosty weather. Because if you start fishing with a float, you will have to constantly clear the ice from the freezing hole. Compared to a bream or a dam, the drift rig is distinguished by the fact that the float in the hole is on the surface of the water, and not in a submerged state. At sub-zero temperatures, it freezes over – and fishing becomes almost impossible.

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Another reason why the nod and the jig win over the float is that the flock of bleak that comes up to the bait constantly changes the level of location. Try not to throw the bait into the hole for a while and make sure: the bleak suddenly starts to take from the bottom, where there are settled particles of feed. But it is worth resuming feeding – and this frisky little fish begins to rise up. That is why fishing is more successful when the angler, in the absence of bites, immediately tries to determine on which horizon the fish is at the moment. In general, I must say that often when fishing for bleak from ice, you have to vary the depth of descent, and this can be done most quickly when using a mobile reel tackle. Taking these features into account, I prefer the first of the two options for fishing rods – “balalaika” and “filly” when fishing for bleak. “Balalaika” allows you to quickly rewind and unfold the fishing line during an active search for fish. In addition, the line is located inside the spool, on the spool, which protects it from freezing and sticking of small pieces of ice on it.

I use balalaikas of the following parameters: the diameter of the reel is 50-60 mm, the thickness is 20 mm, the length of the pole is 15-20 cm, depending on the fishing conditions (from the knee or from a fishing box). Currently, Muscovites usually buy such fishing rods at the Bird Market. Good fishing rods with a reel also appeared in fishing shops. I make the pins myself from non-porous dense vinyl plastic. Polycarbonate is also good. The most important element of the tackle is the nod, on which, in fact, the whole fishing technique depends. I prefer nods made of lavsan and flexible thin polycarbonate. These nods have amazing “vitality” both in frost and thaw, no matter how you throw the rod on the ice after a hook. They react most sensitively even to a careful bite of the bleak nod from the lavsan plate. Their hypersensitivity is provided due to the absence of a head as such. At the same time, such alarms allow very delicate wiring. If you fish with the finest tackle, it is advisable to use nods with a soft rubber sleeve (without a hard plastic shell). This will help you avoid line breaks when hitting. In this case, the six will need a more flexible one.

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source: Catching from the ice. All the secrets of winter fishing