Surely even people far from fishing have heard that some of the adherents of this type of outdoor activities call themselves a fisherman, and someone a fisherman. Perhaps these are synonymous words that have no semantic connotations? This is not entirely true, or even not at all true. Let’s look at the terminology and find out exactly who a fisherman is and how he differs from a fisherman.
The topic of our conversation today will be the difference between the activities associated with fishing. Our task is to define the terms and fix their meaning for everyday use. In fact, this question is easy to grasp, especially if you can clearly distinguish between professional activities and hobbies.
Is a fisherman a profession?
Remember the fairy tale “About the Fisherman and the Fish”? There the old man cast a seine and thereby earned his own food. This old man can really be called a fisherman, because this is his main activity and source of income. But the British aristocrat, who in the same historical period was fond of fly fishing for trout, can only be called a fisherman – only his personal pleasure depended on the amount of fish caught by him, nothing more. He was an amateur, had such a hobby.
This is where the modern differentiation of the concepts “fisherman” and “fisherman” follows. A fisherman is a fisherman, fishing on a large scale is his job, for which he receives a salary. This is very hard work, because you have to work physically, under the most unfavorable conditions. True, it is paid very well, but a lot also depends on the volume of seafood obtained.
Both the captain of the seiner and the ordinary sailor can be called a fisherman – they are guaranteed not to be offended. Representatives of some ethnic groups are also called the same, for whom fishing is primordial and serves as a source of income and food for entire families.
For Russia, these are representatives of some peoples of the Far North, who are allowed to fish with nets by special decrees. We remind you that in amateur fishing, any nets are prohibited and their use automatically turns a law-abiding citizen into a poacher. And this is the confiscation of gear, a decent fine, and sometimes an administrative arrest.
A fisherman in the modern sense of the word is a lover of fishing, to which he devotes his free time, having no income from it. It’s a hobby like cross stitching or assembling ship models.
A fisherman can fish with his grandfather’s fishing rod or a sophisticated feeder, dress in special branded clothing or a worn windbreaker, be interested in new trends in the appropriate direction or give preference to methods that have been tested over decades – the essence of the concept does not change from this. He just loves and knows how to fish with varying degrees of efficiency, but the level of his welfare does not depend on the size of the catch.
From a philological point of view, the words “fisherman” and “fisherman” are paronyms, that is, words that sound similar, but different in meaning.
Sport fishing as an evolution of recreational fishing
Fishing can be not only commercial or amateur, but also sports. Unlike other disciplines, to become a good athlete, and even a champion, it is not necessary to practice fishing from childhood. All sports anglers come from recreational fishing when there is a desire to compete with fellow hobbyists.
Competitions are held in various disciplines. Let’s designate the most common:
- spinning (more often jig, less often twitching and spinning);
- trolling (mainly at sea);
- fly fishing (a beautiful and elite sport);
- float fishing (the most democratic type with a lot of separate, narrower disciplines);
- bottom fishing (this is mainly an English donk, that is, a feeder);
- mormishing (the most popular type of winter fishing).
Participants are assigned personal numbers. Competitions are held according to clearly established rules, the observance of which is closely monitored by the refereeing team. Sports tackle is significantly different from amateur: rods are usually lighter, because fishing is at speed, the number and characteristics of equipment elements are stipulated by the rules. For example, feeder fishing is carried out with only one hook on a short lead that prevents swallowing.
Like any other sport, fishing requires regular training, special equipment (in particular, gear) and, accordingly, significant financial investments. Most athletes purchase equipment and tackle on their own, and travel to competitions at their own expense. For sport fishing to bring not only pleasure, but also income, you need to become a world famous champion. Then monetary rewards will be received, and manufacturers of fishing equipment will offer to participate in an advertising campaign (naturally, not for free).
Fishing is great in any form. And no matter how you call it an adherent of fishing, the essence of the process and the degree of pleasure from your favorite hobby will remain unchanged!