Ice fishing is very diverse both in facilities and in gear. However, catching white fish and perch with a winter fishing rod equipped with a float or a nod is still the most common. Some prefer float gear, others prefer nod gear. Many, including myself, consider fishing with a nod much more interesting than sitting still above the float in anticipation of a bite.
Unlike a float, a nod is not only a bite signaling device: you can play it with bait. A nod allows you to catch both on a stationary bait and on moving in the water column. But even with a stationary bait, he often surpasses the float in sensitivity.
I will give you one case. I caught a winter fishing rod with a float. It was cool, but the bites were so short and careful that I just did not have time to hook. The fish did not react at all to the game – they managed to interest it with only one bloodworm on a small mormyshka, motionless lying at the bottom. The depth at the place of fishing was significant, therefore, the bobber, showing a bite, was late, and the fish managed to throw the bait before hooking. Then I extended the fishing line by 30 cm, took the fishing rod in my hand and, leaning on my knee, began to wait for a bite. To my amazement, the first fish caught was a half-kilogram perch. And the following one and a half dozen were also not sailors at all – all within 400-600 grams. Large perch was taken very legibly: only on one bloodworm mounted on a ring. When, after an unsuccessful cut, I raised my mormyshka, the bloodworm was almost untouched. That is, the perch took the bloodworm in his mouth and immediately spat out, feeling the weight of the mormyshka. It was necessary to hook the nod at the beginning of the extension, because by its full straightening the perch had time to spit out the bait and it was too late to hook. A float, in principle, did not allow to trace the very beginning of the bite.
With a nod, you can catch on a regular hook. It happens that a cautious fish does not take a single mormyshka, but a small, light hook is a completely different matter. The fish will move the gill covers, the bloodworm on a thin hook will rise above the bottom and, naturally, swaying, will fall back – after that the fish, without fear, takes the bait. When fishing with a hook, it is tied to the end of the fishing line, and a small pellet of lead, preferably soft, is placed 3-4 cm in order not to squeeze a thin fishing line. A nod catches the slightest displacement of the pellet not only up, but also to the side along the bottom, and the main thing here is not to miss the careful bite. In general, given the versatility of the nod, we can say that it is he who is the main element of the fishing rod for winter fishing of white fish.
Which nod is good? In my opinion, there are three main signs. First: the line passes through the nod with low resistance, without forming sharp bends. Second: the nod material is resistant to low temperature and durable. Third: at the end of the nod, there is no big ring that overloads the tip, making it too inertial when playing. The nod should work reliably at any temperature, without changing its elasticity. These product properties depend primarily on the material. Among those that are used to make nods, only astralon, lavsan and beryllium bronze are fully suitable. Some anglers, especially darling, use nods made of steel tape, tape, clock and other springs. Over time, rust appears on the surface of such products, shells form, which leads to damage to the fishing line and the destruction of the nod. Often, spring steel nods are not enough for one season.
Stainless steel is also not very suitable as a material for nods: it is relatively difficult to process, and most importantly it does not have the necessary elasticity. You can often find nods made from dark plastic bottles, but this plastic becomes brittle at low temperatures. At the end of such nods there is often a large ring that significantly increases the inertness of this area, so it becomes very difficult to achieve the correct game. Today, nods made of astrolon, a strong and durable material, are most suitable for fishing in small and medium mormyshki. I have astrolon nods made about 20 years ago – they are still in working condition.
Now there are many astrolon nods of Yaroslavl production on sale worth 50-80 rubles. Their main advantage is a well-made fastener: the nod plate is firmly fixed, there are separate holes for both the sixth and the fishing line. Perhaps the only drawback is that a passage hole is made in the nod plate, the presence of which assumes that the fishing line, passing through it, enters the nod end hole from bottom to top, while it should go from top to bottom. If the fishing line goes from bottom to top, it experiences a very large resistance, excesses appear on it, which leads to rapid wear. Therefore, you have to put a pair of thin PVC cambrices on the nod so that the line goes freely to the end hole.
Why is the free passage of fishing line through all the elements of a winter fishing rod so important? The fact is that avoiding the clipping of thin lines during cutting and fishing is possible only by adjusting the fishing rod so that the reel gives up fishing line at critical tension. To do this, it is necessary to remove all burrs, to ensure free passage of fishing line along the entire length of the fishing rod, and it is advisable to put dacron pads on the balalaika spool. This refinement significantly reduces the likelihood of clipping even the thinnest forests.
The design of most nods has long been established, but new items also appear. For example, such as "spring" nods, made of three plates of beryllium bronze of different lengths. A copper pass ring is soldered to the end of each plate from below. The length of all plates can be adjusted by moving in the mount. If all the plates are fully extended, the nod consists of three sections of almost the same length, the stiffness of which decreases from the base of the nod to the top. Sliding and pushing the plates in various combinations, you can adjust the stiffness of the nod in a very wide range – from light mormyshek to light spinners. In general, versatility always comes at the expense of quality, but this nod model seems to be a rather rare exception. Moreover, the nod material is durable beryllium bronze. Of course, athletes use only nods “sharpened” for a specific bait, but in amateur fishing good universalism can only be welcomed. Such spring nods are worth 100-140 rubles.
From beryllium bronze of greater thickness, unregulated nods are made for fishing on small balancers and spinners. They have to be selected for specific baits. Among the various nods from beryllium bronze there are also unsuccessful models. If the mount is made of a silicone tube melted on the base of the plate, the nod cannot be shortened or extended. But even this is not the main drawback. Worse, the mount does not have a special hole for the fishing line and it passes through the mount spring. The option is very unfortunate, because ordinary steel springs quickly rust and begin to spoil the fishing line. In addition, the fishing line cannot be stretched when the fishing rod is assembled, since it is firmly pressed to the pole by a silicone tube: you can increase or decrease the length of the fishing line only by removing the nod from the fishing rod, which is extremely inconvenient. For this reason, it is impossible to adjust the descent of the line with strong jerks.
They put on winter fishing rods and nods, originally designed for summer fishing with a side nod. They are quite suitable for angling, especially for people with low vision: the bright foam disk at the end of the nod is clearly visible on any background. The nod is equipped with correctly positioned access rings, and the fishing line passes through a rigid fluoropolymer tube through the line. The nods made on the basis of the spring have an important advantage: no matter how they are loaded during hooking, they do not bend at right angles and are not deformed at the point of attachment to the fishing rod. The disadvantage of this model is the unregulated length. This nod is worth about 250 rubles.
author Vladimir ZAMYSHLYAEV