In recent decades, the attitude to bait has changed a lot: it has become an almost mandatory attribute – fish is too capricious and picky, at least near large cities. Most fishermen use purchased bait, domestic or imported. Some enthusiastic anglers make it on their own. But not everyone knows which components should be used for different types of fish and under what seasonal and weather conditions. The main objects of float fishing in the central strip of Russia, especially in the rivers, are bream and roach. The main component in the bait for these types of fish, and indeed the rest of the whitewash, is ground maize, that is, corn.
In the total volume it usually accounts for from 30 to 60%. On cold water – less, in hot summer weather – more. This is due to the fact that the colder the water, the less likely the fish to feed. Corn groats are sold at grocery stores and should be used. First, grits should be fried in a hot frying pan for 7-10 minutes, with a small addition of vegetable, preferably olive, oil, and then grind in a coffee grinder or special grinder. It is useful to slightly salt and sweeten the corn during the frying process. Frying any component of the bait is a very important thing. This reduces the nutritional value of the bait, the fish is not saturated and is actively caught on the feeding table during the whole fishing. In summer, in hot weather, you can pour 1-2 kg of corn grits with hot boiled water for 3-4 hours to catch bream in the evening. Then drain the water, and when fishing mix with the prepared dry mix.
The second main component is a laxative – chopped legumes, peas or soy. They are used in a mixture in the amount of 10-15%, regardless of the season. Peas can be pre-cooked to a homogeneous mass and added directly to the fishing mix in the bait mixture, but most importantly – until it is moistened. The next important component is, of course, breading. Its amount in the volume of the bait mixture is 30-40%. For roach fishing, it is better to use rye breadcrumbs, while fishing for bream and breeding – wheat. But this is conditional, because from experience I know that one or another breading mixture in each individual reservoir works differently.
In general, I would recommend not to be lazy and instead of breading, wipe fresh bread through a fishing sieve: wheat or bran – for bream, rye – for roach. I was quite active in catching bream, bluefin, white-eyed and white bream in the course of the confluence of the Protva River into the Oka River, using two loaves of finely chopped white bread mixed with coastal clay as bait. But, of course, in this simplest composition I added a little bloodworm or maggot and the Sensas vanilla activator. At the same time, I have repeatedly had to successfully continue fishing after the basic bait has ended. I fed the place of fishing with balls of clay or coastal soil, flavored with Sensas aerosols.
The following components – chopped rice, semolina, buckwheat – are non-nutritious and are most often used when fishing for small fish: bleak, dace, gudgeon, small roach and silver bream. Their content in bait is 10-15%; these components do not fry. When fishing larger fish, from 0.5 kg, you should add Hercules flakes to the mixture, about 7-10% of the total. But you need to remember that Hercules strongly glues bait balls, so when fishing in ponds and lakes it is added in an amount of only 5%, and it is necessary in a mixture that is already moistened and ready to work. It is possible to use flakes of other crops. When fishing for bream – buckwheat flakes, for small fish – nutritious rice. In addition, dark buckwheat flakes are less alarming to fish, since in most water bodies the bottom color is dark.
In general, in order for the prepared bait to be as effective as possible, the color of the soil in the pond should be taken into account. It is desirable to match the overall color of the bait with the color of the bottom. The exception is, perhaps, catching roaches and small fish in the summer, when the bright color of bait, and especially yellow, is most attractive. The use of ground roasted hemp seeds in an amount of 5-10% gives a very good result. When fishing in stagnant water, oils and pop-up particles clearly show the location of the bait, and a rising column of particles also additionally attracts fish. Hemp works well on roaches. When fishing for bream, it is advisable to add about 10% finely ground roasted peanuts or the same amount of coconut flakes to the bait.
The use of sunflower cake so popular with anglers is not always justified. Yes, the seeds chopped in a meat grinder will not spoil the fishing: 15-20% of the crushed fresh sunflower seeds in the bait will work well when fishing for bream, carp and crucian carp. Purchased expired oilcake fish can only scare away from the place of fishing. In addition to the main components in baits, various flavorings are used that enhance the activity of the bite. For roaches, I would recommend adding coriander to the bait: in cold water, 2-3% of the total, and in summer in hot weather about 5%. It is good to use cinnamon as an activator for bream, hustlers, bluecats and white-eyes. Its share in the volume also ranges from 2.5 to 5% depending on the season: the warmer the water, the more cinnamon is added.
It shows itself well in bait when catching these species of fish and cocoa powder, in the same percentage. For almost any leucorrhoea, a good result is the addition of 1.5-2% natural vanilla powder. This bite activator can be considered universal when catching any peaceful fish. To form a baiting plume and attract small fish – bleak, dace, roach – about 5-10% of milk powder is added to the mixture. When catching roach, add 40-50 drops of corvalol per kilogram of mixture to the water used to knead the bait.
author Vladimir DOROFEEV