At first glance, the bleak is a fish that does not deserve the attention of any self-respecting fisherman. But this is far from the case. This playful, small fish gives great pleasure to many anglers – both athletes and amateurs. And from the gastronomic point of view, it has an extraordinary taste. The bleak gives out its location when in the quiet morning or evening hours it comes to the surface to hunt for insects. In these places it can be caught in the upper layers of the water or fly fishing. However, one should not forget that flocks of bleak constantly move through the pond in search of food. And this is mainly plankton and zooplankton. Therefore, it is sometimes not so easy to detect feeding bleak in one or another layer of water.
For effective fishing for bleak, an indispensable condition is a well-prepared bait. The bait should “dust”, for which milk powder is added to it. Bleak likes to spin in a muddy bait column. You can make the simplest bait yourself. To do this, you will need bread crumbs wheat. Moreover, the smaller the fractions, the better. To this end, experienced fishermen first crackers pass through a meat grinder, and then grind in a coffee grinder. As an additive, they also add to the bait shavings, about a third of the total amount of bait.
Knead the bait in a plastic bowl directly on the shore of the reservoir. First, I recommend scattering bait in handfuls at the intended fishing point. And then feed in small balls the size of a pigeon egg. The bait balls must break when hit against the surface of the water. But the main thing, of course, is that turbidity occurs. They feed on the course so that the bait creates an odorous trace, in which fishing is carried out. Some anglers add a little salt and sugar to the dry bait mixture. I think if you use homemade bread-based bait, adding salt and sugar is not necessary. However, in water both sugar and salt dissolve quickly and practically do not play any role.
Now that we have figured out the bait, it is necessary to equip the workplace. It doesn’t matter what you will be sitting on: on a stool or on a fishing box. The main thing is that the back does not get tired and all the necessary accessories are at hand. This is especially true for the cage, which should have a wide neck. In such a cage you can quickly lower the bleak. Indeed, when catching this fish, the speed of each operation is of great importance: setting the bait, hooking, fishing, removing the fish from the hook, and so on.
The main ukleechnye nozzles are maggot, bloodworm, pieces of a worm, sometimes bleak takes well for the dough. In general, maggot is the best bait for catching bleak. Claw the larvae by the skin, leaving the hook tip open. After several bites, the maggot flows out and grinds, which with active biting does not matter. With a weak bite, you have to change the nozzle more often. I must say that active bleaching takes the nozzle quite decisively, unlike small roach. River bleak is sometimes better at pecking on bloodworms. The inconvenience is one thing – bloodworms on the hook often have to be changed. And in hot weather, keeping tender larvae can be difficult.
To catch bleak you will need a lightweight, cast carbon fiber rod 4-5 m long. I use a 6-meter, and I easily make, for example, a 5-meter, using plastic plugs for the lower knee. The construction of the rod at the same time, of course, suffers, but not so much that the gear did not work. Accordingly, for each length of the rod I have ready-made equipment that I store on reel. Some anglers recommend the use of internal and external shock absorbers. I think when fishing for bleak it is an overkill. In case of high-speed fishing, the diameter and rigidity of the fishing line are important. I use a rigid monolesk with a diameter of 0.1 mm. She is less confused when casting and plucking nimble fish. The leash in the snap is missing. A sinker in the form of a pellet and a teardrop-shaped float should be balanced so that the antenna protrudes 1.5-2 cm from the water.
Once, a friend and I arrived at Yakimanka (the upper part of the Istra Reservoir). We aimed at the scammer, but it turned out a little differently. On the morning dawn, water off the coast literally boiled from surges of bleak. I decided to catch bleak. Vlad had a 9-meter fly-fishing rod, and, of course, he did not intend to catch them with bite, having relied on the scammer. While a friend was preparing bait for the bream and feeding the point of catching with balls, I began to catch bleak even without bait. Active biting lasted for about half an hour, then bleak shifted to the middle layers of water. And I switched from a five-meter rod to a 6-meter.
Now bait was also needed. Factory “Unicorm” I diluted with breadcrumbs of wheat. Balls the size of a pigeon egg were thrown from time to time in the immediate vicinity of the float. When they splashed down, they scattered, forming a deliciously smelling dregs. The depth under the float was 2.5 m, but I caught with a descent of 1 m. When fishing for bleak, I constantly have to re-tackle, vary the descent, as this frisky fish can quickly change the level of the horizon at which it feeds on plankton or just relaxes. At the same time, it is important to pay great attention to fishing speed, to make high-quality casts, without overlaps.
author: В.А. Kazantsev “Fishing in open water”