Mormysh. A popular nozzle among fishers of the Urals and Siberia. A typical representative of different-footed gammarus crustaceans, reaching a length of 3 cm. But usually there are specimens up to 1.5-2 cm. A light gray or greenish body has 14 pairs of legs, the first pair of jaws, with which the crustacean chews food. Lives at the bottom of reservoirs (in rivers, lakes, reservoirs) among algae, under stones, sunken objects. Moves sideways, irregularly. In winter, due to oxygen starvation, the masses of mormysh rise from the bottom and literally cover the lower surface of the ice without freezing to it.
They get crustaceans in many ways. The simplest of them is the following. With the end of a long stick with a piece of burlap attached to it, they ted stones at the bottom of the pond. Mormyshi emerge, clinging to the burlap, with which they are removed and placed in a jar of clean cold water. In another case, one fisherman wanders into the water in marsh boots and shovels coastal stones and algae with a shovel, and the second picks up with a net a pop-up and related crustaceans.
In winter, mormysh is extracted from large ice holes, raking it from the lower plane of the ice with a scraper brush and a special narrow box (“trough”) with a bag attached to it, or lowering sheaves of straw, hemp, and flax under the ice, where gammaruses readily clog. Crustaceans extracted from water cannot tolerate low temperatures. But heat will also harm them. Therefore, a wooden box with mormysh is best placed in a basement, underground, or other cool place. While fishing, they keep mormysh in foam boxes in the inner pocket of a fur coat. This nozzle is effective for catching grayling, omul, chebak, shag (roach) and other fish. Mormysh is also widely used as a bait. In some reservoirs of Siberia, for example, the Irkutsk reservoir, certain species of fish in the autumn period feed mainly on this crustacean. Mormysh is planted from the head. On the hook he holds rather firmly – at one time you can catch several fish. Other names: amphipod, drill.
Zhivets. When fishing for predatory fish, anglerfish must first remember that juveniles of valuable fish species cannot be used as live bait fish. Most often, a gudgeon, minnow, ruff, perch, bleak, carp, roach are put on the hook. The chasing fish are mounted on a single hook behind the nostril or under the dorsal fin. The rest – on the double or tee. Periodically, live bait is checked, replacing the bent and sedentary. Catch small fish with a light float fishing rod equipped with a thin fishing line and a small hook, as well as a tommy-catcher (hoist) with a standard mesh size of 1×1 meter.
The size of live bait matters. Despite the fact that a pike, for example, is able to swallow a prey to half its length, it usually eats fish up to 8-10 cm. And before spawning (March-April), when it is full of caviar, it needs to be offered even smaller bait fish. However, a cultured fisherman will not hunt pikes, zander and other predatory fish during this period, realizing that it should calmly spawn. After all, the predators of our bodies of water, as a rule, cannot reach such numbers as, say, representatives of the cyprinid family.
Experienced fishermen are well aware that if, when zander, chub or chub are narrowed, fish with a narrow, chasing body are more suitable, then pike are the least legible in live bait – it can also be offered a wide-bodied fish. True, I do not quite understand those anglers who advise beginners to use chubs, roaches, small perches and so on as bait fish. Do not forget that these are prestigious fish species and our future worthy trophies. Although, on the other hand, it is sometimes difficult to determine the bait fish belonging to a particular breed of fish. I would like to say more about this.
Beginners fishing often confuse, for example, a young chub with a dace. Meanwhile, there are differences. The first has a wider flat forehead, jaws of equal length. The back is dark green, almost black. The sides are silvery, anal and ventral fins are orange or red. A characteristic feature – the dorsal and caudal fins of the chub are black at the edges. Yelets has a more modest color: its fins are grayish, its head is flattened laterally, its forehead is slightly convex.
It is more difficult to distinguish a young asp from bleak. One and the other fish have a narrow swelling body (over the years the asp is distributed wide), silvery sides, the upper jaw has a recess, which includes a tubercle on the lower. The eyes of the bleak are noticeably larger than those of the asp. Her scales are very weak, easily crumbles when you take the fish in your hands. Unlike bleak, the young asp has a long tail with a notch, and the pectoral and ventral fins are reddish. Roach is easy to distinguish from roach. Firstly, his mouth is much larger, his eyes are greenish-yellow in color, and secondly, the red spot above the roach is absent on the iris.
In a word, not every bait fish can be used as bait when fishing for predatory fish. And in order not to waste young ones, the fisherman's outfit must have the necessary accessories for long or short-term storage of live bait. In the summer, transporting live bait fish over considerable distances is troublesome, and sometimes even hopeless, when it comes to such delicate fish as roasting fish, bleak, dace, and Verkhovka. Perhaps the most suitable for this are carp, minnow, gudgeon, loaches, rotan and other fish, unpretentious to the oxygen content in the water. Live bait is usually transported by private car in ten-liter cans, protecting from direct sunlight. Ruffs are delivered to the reservoir in separate containers, since the mucus secreted by them is detrimental to other live bait.
Some fishermen after harvesting live bait can withstand them in aerated water for 1-2 days to get rid of excrement – during transportation they will not clog the tank. Norm: 20-30 fish per 10 liters of water. To prevent live bait from the road, periodically you need to aerate the water with the help of a simple device consisting of a spray gun, rubber hose, clamp, volleyball chamber and a rubber bulb. At worst, you can get by with one rubber bulb. If the fish rise to the surface and greedily swallow air – this is the first sign of oxygen starvation, a danger signal. Do not be too lazy to refresh the water even from the nearest body of water along the road. Just remember: it is impossible to drastically change the temperature of water in the can.
In some reservoirs, it is difficult to catch the right amount of live bait. In these cases, it is not necessary to replace sedentary fish on hooks, since the concept of “lively bait” is very arbitrary. Any frisky fish on the hook soon subsides. In addition, there are simply phlegmatic bait fish (ruff, rotan, crucian carp). But this does not mean that they therefore become less edible for predatory fish, which, among other things, is attracted to the smell of a particular fish. In most cases, it is enough for the bait fish to slightly move its fins. Feeling the approach of a predator, he will begin to panic rush about. It is only necessary to replace the backed fish and those that turn upside down. The liveliness of live bait depends on how accurately and quickly you plant it without damaging vital organs.
Malek. Small fish not exceeding a length of 40 mm. This can be the top, fast-rake, minnow, roach juveniles, bleak … The fry are usually used when fishing with float and bottom fishing rods. They willingly take perch, small pike, chub, ide and other fish. In Siberia, not large lenok is successfully caught on this nozzle in the fall. You can get fish in any pond with the help of a small-meshed lathder in shallow water, near the coast. There is such a way: they take a liter glass jar, where crumbs of bread are placed, drop it on a twine to the bottom of the reservoir near the shore with its neck downstream, and after waiting when the fry enter the bank, it is dragged out to the shore. For future fry are not harvested, as they are less tenacious than live bait. While fishing, the fish are kept in a cane, from time to time refreshing the water taken from the same reservoir where the fry was caught.
The fry are baited on a single hook for the upper lip or nostril, sometimes for the tail with the hook tip out. When catching a perch, you can use the snuck fry or its pieces.
Cutting. Small pieces of fresh fish in the form of strips, squares, segments with fins and tail. Both freshwater and marine fish are caught on this nozzle.
author: Kazantsev V.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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