Maggot. The larva of the blue meat fly, used when fishing for non-predatory fish. Breeding maggots is easy. As soon as the street becomes warm, flies appear, then they take a piece of meat, liver or lung. And, having made deep cuts in it, they hang it out in the sun. Soon the flies will lay eggs in incisions, from which white larvae with a black dot inside are hatched. By this time, meat products with larvae are placed in a jar, bran is added to it (it is possible sawdust mixed with flour) and tightly closed with a lid in which small holes were made for air access. Maggots are fed with pieces of meat or liver. In another case, they take 2-3 fish with heads, keep them for several days in a warm place, and then take them to where there are a lot of blue flies. The gill covers of the fish are slightly lifted so that the flies can freely enter under them. Everything else is done in the same way as in the first case.
Both of these methods in urban conditions, unfortunately, are not always acceptable for reasons of sanitation and hygiene. Therefore, some anglers have adapted to breed maggots, using small salted fish (the salting method is the same as for drying), carefully soaked in water. Posted in the sun, they do not give a putrid odor, but also attract meat flies. After the latter lay their eggs, the small fish is placed in a jar with sawdust (bran) and the appeared larvae are fed with small pieces of liver, cottage cheese or minced fish.
As for the storage of maggot, then there is more trouble. The fact is that larvae pupate in air for 2-3 days and are no longer of great interest to fish. Therefore, anglers do this. When the larvae have reached the desired size, they are cleaned by passing through sawdust and placed in a glass vial half filled with oatmeal or bran. The vial is tightly closed with a lid, sealed in a plastic bag (for hygiene) and stored under the refrigerator's freezer or in the cellar on ice. At a temperature of 0 to -2 degrees, the maggot numb, falling into a state of suspended animation. In winter, it can withstand temperatures up to -30 degrees on the balcony, but it needs to be revived gradually, without a sharp temperature difference. Maggots make one or several larvae, depending on the intended type of fish. On the hook he holds firmly. The sting is set slightly outward, otherwise there will be many empty hooks. After catching the fish, it is advisable to add at least one fresh larva per hook, since the leaked maggot is less attractive to fish.
Dragonfly larva (cossack). Dragonfly larvae can be collected on the way to the reservoir, in a shallow bay or a small lake. To do this, you need to raise algae from the bottom and carefully examine them. Sometimes it is useful to examine a site near the coastal shore, where different debris accumulates near bushes sticking out of the water – half-sunken branches of trees, foliage, etc. Before turning into dragonflies, the larvae climb the stems of aquatic plants and crawl out to the shore. During this period, which lasts no more than two weeks, fish of the cyprinidae and perch family are especially good at cossack. When mounting the larva, the sting of the hook is passed through the body from the head, with the output to the outside. Caught on bottom and float fishing rods, and in the thickets of vegetation in a plumb line on mormyshka.
Bark beetle (zakornik, underbelly). The general name given by fishermen to the larvae of some species of woodworm beetles laying eggs under the bark of stumps, fallen or dried on the root of trees. The larvae are legless, have a white or yellowish cylindrical, sometimes flattened body. Developing, they make numerous moves, both in the bark and in the wood. Bark beetles are mined with a hatchet under the bark in deforestation, as well as in the preparation of firewood. For nozzles, it is better to select small and medium larvae. They are usually stored in boxes with ventilation holes, filling in them with a little sawdust or wood dust. In winter, frozen bark beetles are best placed on the balcony or in the cold canopy. Once in the heat, the larvae come to life and begin to crawl. It is much more difficult to store bark beetles in spring and summer.
The best nozzle is considered to be white larvae of the barbel beetle, living mainly in the bark and pine wood. In the water bodies of the Urals and Siberia, especially where the forest is fused along the rivers, the fish is well acquainted with zakornik and takes it without fail. The larva also helps out in those places where it is impossible to get bloodworms or mormysh in the winter. It is best to catch bark beetles from ice and for some time after the spring flood, when the water becomes more or less light. In the summer months and autumn, this nozzle is used less frequently.
Many fish are eager to take bark beetle. In the Baltic states and Belarus, for example, large roach, ide, bream and perch are caught on it on the last ice. And in Siberian reservoirs in April and May there is a good bite of grayling and medium-sized lenok. But this nozzle enjoys special popularity when narrowing the Siberian dace throughout the winter season. This fish is usually caught at night by several fishing rods that look similar to the well-known Baikal mood, cutting rectangular holes in meter ice.
The bark beetle is mounted on a light hook No. 3-5 (domestic numbering) under the head, sometimes like a worm. First, a hard head is pierced with a sting, and then a hook is inserted into the body of the larva so that it completely disappears into it, together with a ring or spatula. When narrowed on mormyshka, the smallest larvae or pieces of bark beetle are used.
After a few elts are played, the larva softens, but this only strengthens the bite. A fresh larva is planted on a hook, as a rule, already at that moment when only an empty shell remains on it. Zakorniki yellowish, which usually live under the bark of larch and spruce firmer hold on a hook, but the fish on them takes a little worse. Having experience fishing on bark beetles in Siberia, I have repeatedly used this nozzle in various reservoirs of the middle lane in winter. In particular, I managed to successfully catch large roach on the larvae of the barbel beetle on the Rybinsk Reservoir. Therefore, if for some reason the fish under your hole is "on strike", try offering it a bark beetle. The effect may be the most unexpected.
Stuffing box. This is the name of the larva of a rhinoceros beetle, which lives in heaps of overripe manure. The collected larvae are stored in a wooden box with sawdust. They put the gland on the hook in the same way as the bark beetle.
"Grandma." This is the larva of the mayfly butterfly, used as a nozzle for catching a wide variety of fish. The larva has three tail filaments. Her entire life cycle takes place in water, where she lives in minks, which she makes in clay soil. Sometimes they streaked all the way down to the bottom of the river, resembling nostril cheese. In both summer and winter, the “grandmother” can be obtained with a shovel or shovel mounted on a long stick. They scoop up soil, break clay clods and collect larvae. They keep the "grandmother" in a vessel of water, often refreshing it. For a short time, the larva will stay in a cool place if put in a slightly moistened rag. "Grandma" is put on a hook from the head, the sting is hidden in the tail. Small larvae string several pieces onto the hook, piercing each one crosswise.
Caterpillars. Larvae of various butterflies. They live in the grass, on bushes, trees, garden crops. With mass reproduction cause great damage. All of them, except for the green caterpillar, which the fish for some reason do not favor with attention, put on a hook, can bring an enviable trophy to the fisherman. Caterpillars are stored in a cardboard box with fresh green foliage. The hook is carefully introduced from the head, passing to the tail and making sure that the liquid does not leak out of the larva shell. During rain and wind, caterpillars fall into the pond, so they are familiar to fish. It is better to catch this bait in a calm course, in the coastal zone. Especially where the branches of trees and bushes hang over the water. Well chubs and dace trees take this nozzle at the beginning of summer, when there are still few insects.
author: Kazantsev V.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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