Quite often mormyshka can be found in summer float equipment. At the same time, most of such float-mormuscular fishermen can hardly explain why they use this bait instead of the usual hook. The owner is a master, you can use something for the sake of beauty or just out of habit, but for effective fishing it is better to understand what and what is intended. According to the generally accepted legend, the mormyshka was invented in order to imitate a certain aquatic living creature, which the fish feed under natural conditions. It is clear that even a photographic resemblance to a bloodworm, caddis fly, or amphibian will not have any practical use in fishing if such a bait is motionless. This is due to not the best transparency of water and illumination compared to the air.
And the visual acuity of most fish leaves much to be desired. That is why not the last role in identifying a food object is played by smell, taste, and one of the main qualities – behavior, that is, features of movement. Here, to mimic the movement of a living organism in water, an mormyshka was made. Only unlike spinning lures is its design optimized primarily for vertical movement in water. This is also supported by the fact that the hook tip often does not look vertically upwards, as it would be more beneficial for reliable hooking, but horizontally.
To prove that the mormyshka was made just for the game is even somehow uncomfortable, because this is a common truth. There are tackle in which this bait is most justified: a winter ice fishing rod and its summer version for fishing from a boat or for free. Such a bait allows you to pinpoint different horizons in small areas (holes or glades in the grass) and therefore the combination of cargo and bait at one point is optimal. Using a nod as a signaling device allows you to effectively control the behavior of mormyshka and the moment of bite at all stages of the wiring.
To a lesser extent, the classic mormyshka is appropriate in gear working on the principle of a tyrant or a side fishing rod. Here, as a rule, an additional load is used, and the lures are mounted on short leads of several pieces. Because of this arrangement, the form practically does not play any role in the game, which boils down to swaying of varying degrees of intensity. This is partly why regular hooks or plastic mormyshki are often used here, the main plus of which is their appearance due to their color. The extra weight of the bait in such tackle is more likely to do harm, as the leash wraps around the main fishing line more strongly. A simple conclusion can be made: the classic metal jig works best as the main vertically moving bait at the end of the fishing line. If for some reason you want to put a second bait on a side leash, it is better to use a plastic jug or hook.
Now let’s see what role mormyshka can play in a fishing rod and what its advantage over a usual hook with a nozzle can be. The first advantage – the ability to carry out active and attractive bait for the fish in the vertical plane – is smashed to pieces by the use of a float. This bite alarm is absolutely not intended for such manipulations. As soon as we try to raise or lower the bait in a vertical plane, the control of the bait is immediately lost for a while: until the float assumes its working position, it is difficult to understand what happens with the hook. In such conditions, it’s not so hot what a precise and high-quality game with a jigsaw becomes completely meaningless, since the moment of cutting is unknown.
You can, of course, argue that when you raise the bait, you can feel the fish just like a fishing rod. But this only says that the float is not needed at all, and the sensitivity of the gear is determined by the sensitivity of the rod. Then it’s more correct to put a nod on him and not suffer. Another possible objection is that the bite can be noticed if, after lowering, the float is not completely loaded. The float seems to show a bite, everything is fine. But at the same time the mormyshka was seized when we did not know about it yet, which means that the fish felt the tackle before the angler saw the bite. With relatively fine fishing, this situation will most often lead to empty bites and suction nozzles.
The only kind of more or less active movements, in which the float does not lose its signaling function, is horizontal wiring. It can be carried out both with the help of the current and the wind, and with the help of a fishing rod. In both cases, the fishing line between the bobber and the bait, whether it is a hook or a mormyshka, remains more or less stretched, and the sensitivity of the tackle does not fall as catastrophically as with a vertical rise. Most often, in addition to the simple linear movement of the nozzle along the bottom, they try to set a certain step: stopping the float on the stream or pulling it in stagnant water leads to the fact that the bait rises somewhat. After the vacation of the gear, it returns to its original position.
This process takes place in several stages: the first – the main load is leveled, the second – the stock is leveled, the third – the hook with the nozzle lowers slowly to the bottom. But in the case of the mormyshka, there are only two stages, since the mormyshka, in fact, is a hook combined with a substep. In other words, in the case of mormyshka, the step is more gentle. That is, the mormyshka, moving horizontally, is noticeably less displaced in the vertical plane.
It turns out that mormyshka better controls the fishing horizon than a regular hook? Yes and no. On the one hand, it quickly returns to the vertical when moving. But it reacts much more strongly to the slightest movements of the float – on the wave and wind, its vibrations will be reflected in the movements of the heavy bait brighter than in the movements of a relatively light hook. There is one more minus – the difficulty of fishing with a float with mormyshka directly from the bottom. In this case, the float will constantly show a bite to rise. The matter is compounded by the fact that since the bait has a noticeable weight, it is likely that the fish will spit it out pretty quickly.
But there is another no less significant drawback, which is critical in the summer. This is the total size of the bait. Sometimes with very low activity of fish it is necessary to use hooks of the minimum size – No. 20-24. In this case, there can be no question that mormyshka can successfully cope with the task. If we consider the specifics of the “summer” mormyshki, then their main difference lies in the relatively small body compared to the hook. This is also indicative, since in the summer the head is still the basis of attractiveness for fish in this tackle. Therefore, the body of the mormyshka is relatively small – namely, “a sub-reserve with a soldered hook”. In the case of minimizing the size and weight of the bait, the mormyshka will be clearly inappropriate – they try to push the sub-reserves higher so that the fish does not immediately feel its weight. You can, of course, follow the path of minimizing size, and hence weight, as in winter, but in this case, the bait simply loses its own advantages, completely losing in all respects to a simple hook.
All of the above, however, does not deny the possibility of the effective use of mormyshki in a summer float instead of a hook. If we clearly analyze the fishing conditions and all the pros and cons of the Mormuscular rigging, we can come to the conclusion: it can be used, but understanding what, when, where and why. Due to the relatively large size of the bait, the first purpose is to catch rather active, large or large fish. It is her who will be primarily interested in mormyshka. As a rule, these are predatory, semi-predatory or omnivorous species that actively use eyesight when searching for prey.
A mormyshka may turn out to be quite justified when catching during a flood in relatively muddy water or during a current – in this case it is easier for a fish to detect and attack a clearly visible bait. The same can be said of the breaking wave, when the fish is suitable to feed on coastal areas, where “chaos and anarchy” are created due to strong mixing of water. A fairly large mormyshka can be used with active wiring or when fishing for long sections. For example, during or during a perch fight.
It should be noted that in most cases the most effective is not a metal, but a plastic body with the addition of dye. It will be noticeably better, and the weight is much less. And it’s better to stock up heavy baits for classic mormuscular rigging with a side nod.