Site Selection and Fishing Tactics
Zherlitsa is a simple tackle: it keeps bait fish at a certain depth, hands over fishing line during bite and lets the fisherman know about it. On any frequently visited reservoir you can see whole fields of these gear. But, as I have more than once been convinced, the ventilating gates placed over the square bring at best squint, occasionally decent pikes and almost never zander. The fact is that one of the main conditions for successful fishing of pikeperch is the exact choice of installation sites for the girders. It is best to find a section of the reservoir with a shallow dump that ends in a deep pit. Extensive irrigation is desirable nearby. Say, if there is a pit of 12 m, then exit to the aft table by 6 m, and then go up to 3-4 meters to the shore, then you can’t skip such a section. Naturally, you can only rely on pike for watering, but the dump from 6 to 12 m is a very suitable place for zander.
He can stand both below, at the base of the slope, and go out to feed on watering. Here at a depth of 5-6 meters roach is constantly kept – the main food object of zander. However, it is wrong to set the girders only at irrigation: the pike perch does not come to them constantly and often only at night. Therefore, one must act differently. We measure the depth to accurately determine the boundaries of the dump. Wells should be drilled as quickly and quietly as possible, and when checking the depth, do not hit the depth gauge with a weight on the bottom. At the beginning of fishing, we put two or three zerglia on irrigation 4-5 m from the edge, a couple at the base of the dump, and the rest on the slope. The distance between the vents is about 7-8 m. This, so to speak, is the initial location, during the fishing process it can completely change.
The echo sounder allows you to quickly find the dump and its edges, but most importantly – you can check with it if there is a bream nearby. If it is, the likelihood of catching zander increases sharply. The device also helps to find crusts and other bottom irregularities that can serve as a refuge for zander. By the way, regardless of the depth, a large pike can stand next to the snags, whose bite, however, in our case is not always a joy. Pike perch in winter often keeps half-water, and this can also be understood from the readings of the echo sounder. But at the same time, he still prefers to feed at the very bottom. It is better to arrange the girders in the dark. Therefore, during one-day fishing in a pond, you must be long before dawn. In this case, the bottom topography at the place of fishing should be known, of course, in advance. Nibble usually begins in the dark. Say, if it starts to grow light at 8 in the morning, then at 6 in the morning the girders should be placed. In order to start fishing in time, at least a minimum stock of live bait is necessary, and then it can be caught.
As a live bait, you should not use carp: for all its vitality, zander is rarely interested in it. Best roach or minnow, in extreme cases, perch. It is often advised to cut the dorsal fin at the perch so that the pikeperch does not break, but, in my opinion, this is completely unnecessary. Live bait should be small, 5-6 cm. Although it seems like there should be a corresponding one for large pike perch, my experience says that there are more chances to catch large pike perch than small bait fish than 10-12 cm bait. Of course, this is only about winter. Live bait must be active. It can take burbot on a snuff, sometimes a pike, but pike perch almost never takes. Dead fish can only be placed in bodies of water with a steady flow, putting on a hook so that the body is slightly curved. In this case, the fish constantly moves in the stream, which can provoke zander. However, even during the course, the predator clearly prefers live fish.
Usually, bites begin before dawn and last two hours after sunrise. Then the nibble weakens and stops. The second wave of bites begins, but not always, around noon. If there is a lot of zander and it is active, then the nibble can last all day, but only in stable weather. With any fracture, bites can only be at dusk, and extremely rare during the day. Evening nibble begins after sunset, but it is always weaker than morning. If fishing is multi-day, then it is better to leave the tackle for the night: often, especially in frosty weather, the pike perch goes hunting in the dark, after 8 pm. Even in a good place, it is extremely rare to get into an active nibble of zander, similar to a pike zhor, very rarely. Usually there are 5-6, sometimes up to 10 bites per day. However, if zander is active and immediately swallows live bait, this gives several good fish – a very good result, given that copies of one and a half to two kilograms or more are not uncommon.
For catching pikeperch, a zergel of any design is suitable. The main fishing line is 0.25-0.35 mm. Sliding sinker: olive with a plastic insert for fishing line is usually used. The weight of the sinker should be minimal: 8 g, a maximum of 10 g, and then only with great depth, although this causes some difficulties with "bottom fishing". But with a heavier sinker there are a lot of idle bites. The fact is that after a sharp bite, the coil starts to rotate freely and a heavy sinker with a blow falls to the bottom. This is enough for zander to drop bait. Therefore, it is better to use the main fishing line thinner, say 0.25 mm, with a sinker of 8 g. With a fishing line of 0.35 mm, it is usually not possible to determine the moment the sinker touches the bottom. If the zherlitsa is on a dump, the sinker can be lowered to the bottom altogether: zander will not miss a lively live bait. Usually, with active biting, I hang bait over the bottom, and with passive laying, it sinks to the bottom.
Pike perch is very negative about all metal leashes. As I have been convinced more than once, their presence reduces the number of bites by at least half. Perhaps, in very wild water bodies, the difference is not noticeable, but in the Moscow Region it can be traced very clearly. The leash is best made from a transparent monophile, a little thinner than the main fishing line. Say, with a basic 0.25 mm lead 0.23 – its strength in winter is quite enough even for pike perch of 3-4 kg. It is clear that when biting a pike, such a leash gives little chance of its successful survival, but you have to put up with it. It is better to connect the leash with the main fishing line through a small clasp: it is easier to change the leashes and you can quickly reconfigure the tackle to catch pike. Before the clasp, a silicone stopper is used, used in float fishing. Stock of fishing line on a reel 30 meters.
Less can be for pike, but zander often has to be fished at great depths, so a supply of fishing line is necessary. The leash is 20-25 cm long. The hook is either a small ordinary double or a special one, in which the sub-stocks of different sizes are turned at right angles. Medium-sized odninariki are quite suitable: I usually use cyprinids No. 4. You can cling live bait both under the back and on the lip. It is clear that there is only one option during the course – for the lip, but in still water it often works well too. Even in the same body of water, but under different conditions, pike perch can take live bait in different ways: it’s either beating in the head or missing. Therefore, during the initial installation of gears, you can cling to the bait fish both under the back and on the lip, and in the course of fishing to determine which is better. It is better not to use tees at all: with active biting, they sometimes work, but with a weak bite the pike perches and throws bait.
Unlike pike, which rarely spits live bait, zander does this all the time. Sometimes, after a sharp bite, the bait fish remains almost intact, but there is no pike perch: something guarded him – perhaps the blow loaded on the bottom or the resistance of the fishing line with poor adjustment of the spool’s free travel on the vent. When catching zander, it is important to be able to determine the moment of hooking. With a pike, everything is quite simple: she grabbed, took off the fishing line, stopped to turn over the live bait, and went again. It is necessary to hook up when the movement began after a stop. Sudak, having seized live bait, often continues to move without stopping. If the zander is large, the moment of cutting is not so important – the bait fish still remains in the mouth. However, since you never know which fish took, it is better to wait a pause. This is especially important with a single hook. If the fish goes without stopping, it is better to give it five meters fishing line and then hook it.
When catching pikeperch with zergelits, you can always shine it a little off to the side. This is even useful, as there is a chance to find pike perch, say, a few tens of meters further down the dump. In this case, you can continue to shine, and you can rearrange the girders. Quite often, after a couple of bites, silence falls on the balancer, but the bite continues on the ventricle placed in the same hole.
author Sergey CHOKALO