In some reservoirs of large industrial cities and in their environs, ice does not rise during the whole winter, and you can fish here with summer gear all year round. An example of such a reservoir is the Moscow River in the capital and downstream. In this article I will talk about how to catch a bream in winter in such places using an English bottom fishing rod, or, in other words, a feeder. For those who are not familiar with English bottom fishing, I’ll say a few words about what it is. The main difference between this method and the usual donkeys is the way to fix the bite. If on classic donks all kinds of bells and bells are used as a bite signaling device, suspended, as a rule, on a fishing line, then in the English method a flexible and sensitive tip of the rod, usually painted in bright colors, serves as a bite indicator.
With a properly tuned tackle, even the smallest touch of the fish to the nozzle is transmitted through the fishing line to the top of the feeder, and with its movement it informs the angler about the bite. The second difference between the feeder and the classic donkeys is a different tactic of feeding and fishing. At the docks, we are used to using heavy, sticky, slowly washed bait and nozzles that sit securely on the hook. This is primarily due to the fact that the reset of the classic donka is associated with the need for some additional actions, such as hanging a bell-alarm with simultaneous adjustment of the fishing line tension. As a result, the angler often seeks to reduce the number of "excess" casts, and fishing comes down to a passive expectation of spotted fish.
If, for example, we want to catch bream, we must provide a sufficiently large amount of bait at the point of fishing with constant replenishment with fresh portions – the rest of the fish in the place of fishing will not linger. Feeding with bait balls at a considerable range, a fair depth and current is completely ineffective, because it is not known where exactly the bait will be at the bottom. The only way to deliver the bait in this case is to throw a bait-filled feeder. And in this, the feeder is beyond competition: they filled the feeder, planted the nozzle, abandoned it — the feeder reached the bottom, put the fishing rod on the stand and, if it is necessary to remove the slack of the fishing line, made one or two turns of the reel. We carry out all these actions without getting up from a chair located on the shore of a reservoir, and the rod is always at hand.
These two factors – the efficiency of feeding and ease of fishing – provide high efficiency of the method as a whole. Therefore, it is possible to catch a fisherman using one feeder with one hook, using half a dozen donks with a fair amount of hooks on each.
What gear and equipment will be needed for feeder fishing? First of all, the feeder rod itself is necessary. They are produced by many companies and differ primarily in class. Feeders are manufactured from light to super heavy. For winter bream fishing on the Moskva River, a heavy class feeder is needed, which can be used to throw feeders at least up to 100-110 g, or even super heavy, with a test up to 130-150 g. I will not advise any specific models: choice huge in this segment, so that everyone can find a feeder that is suitable for both parameters and price.
The rod must be equipped with an appropriate reel. In my opinion, for a heavy feeder, Shimano class 4000 coils are most suitable, equipped with a rear clutch and a fighting drag flag brake. The check brake is an indispensable tool when playing large fish, when you need to quickly loosen the friction clutch, and then return it to its original position. You will also need a seat, which can serve as a fishing box, and a folding chair. We also need a special wide stand under the front of the feeder and a bucket for bait. All this constitutes the necessary minimum. For convenience, you can use an additional stand for the butt of the rod; this stand should be on a tripod, since it will have to be installed on frozen ground. Medium or large diameter landing net will not hurt.
On the reel you need to put a rather soft, but inextensible monofilny fishing line, which transfers the bite to the top of the rod well. This is a winter option, and if it was a question of fishing in the summer, I would definitely recommend a polyethylene braided cord (PE). However, in winter, at minus air temperatures, the fishing line and access rings are frozen during fishing, which can lead to cliffs both when throwing the feeder and when fishing the fish. Braided fishing line, even impregnated with silicone compounds, absorbs water and freezes in frost much stronger than monofilny. Therefore, I advise you to use special feeder monofilament fishing lines, for example Browning Feeda Line or Trabucco T-Force Feeder with a diameter of 0.20-0.25 mm.
Such a fishing line freely withstands casting feeders up to 110-120 g without the use of a shock leader. It is advisable to impregnate the line several times when winding onto the spool with aerosol silicone grease, aerosol grease for Shimano coils or Sensas Teflon spray for joints of plug rods. It is advisable to take these funds with you to the pond and occasionally process them with the fishing line on the spool and the fishing rods of the rod.Teflon spray should also be used for its intended purpose – handle the joints of the fishing rod before assembling it, so that later there are no difficulties with disconnecting the knees.
Use feeder feeders from 60 to 100-120 g. You can use feeders-cages of any kind, but it is better to still have a rectangular section and the largest volume: the bream loves a lot of bait. For the manufacture of leads you will need a soft monofilament fishing line with a diameter of 0.14-0.16 mm and hooks No. 14-12 according to the international classification, made of thin wire, on which a large bloodworm would easily fit. There are many options for accessories for the feeder rod. This is a symmetric and asymmetric loop, a paternoster, or, as it is also called, a Gardner loop, a snap with an anti-twist tube. And this is not the whole list. The easiest way to use a paternoster.
This word, which may perplex the angler who is just starting to master the feeder, is called one of the easiest ways to attach the feeder to the main fishing line. This equipment fits right on the spot on the main fishing line with a fully assembled fishing rod. For its manufacture, it is necessary to tie a loop of 10-15 cm in length with an ordinary knot. A feeder will be attached to this loop. Below the loop, leave a piece of fishing line about the same length as the resulting loop. A leash is attached to it. To do this, you need to tie another small eyelet on it. The feeder and leash are connected using the loop-to-loop method without any fasteners or swivels. When assembled and suspended, the equipment looks like a side outlet located 10-15 cm above the feeder to which the leash is attached.
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