January and February are the most difficult months for fish, including perch. As the saying goes, not to fat – to be alive. The ice has reached an impressive thickness, on it lies a thick layer of snow, which prevents the penetration of sunlight. The water temperature at the bottom of the ice is close to 0 ° C. At a depth of 7-10 m warmer – about 4 ° C. Oxygen conditions worsen towards the bottom. On the coastal shallows there is very little oxygen left, and the perch is shifted to deeper areas or closer to the fresh stream. At this time, it is best to search for perch in a group of 3-4 people. Particular attention should be paid to the quality of ice drills. I prefer to use augers with a diameter of 90-135 mm. Today, the best ice drills are considered Swedish and Finnish. They are made of stainless steel, have a weight of not more than 2.5 kg and are equipped with extension cords for drilling thick ice.
In winter, more than ever, it is important to know the features of the reservoir on which you are going to catch. I had to visit large water bodies (flowing lakes, reservoirs, places of confluence of spring-loaded rivers) more at that time. Most often, perches in this period were found on bottom elevations, remote from the coast, in places of flooding of the channels of small rivers and streams, where underwater springs beat. It so happens that in the morning, after sunrise, the perch tolerably takes on a balancer or spinner, and then throughout the day – only on mormyshka. This is understandable. The fish moves a little, saves power, and therefore it needs very little feed. For a low-active perch weighing 100-400 g, a monofilament with a diameter of 0.06-0.09 mm and a tiny mormyshka are quite suitable. I advise you to experiment more with baits and every time try to find the right style of play. Only in this case can you count on success in the deaf earth.
When fishing with thin fishing line, one condition is necessary – a clean workplace. Otherwise, problems will arise when lowering the mormyshka and when fishing the fish, as mentioned above. In frosty weather, which is a common occurrence in January-February, the hole must be constantly cleaned of ice. Experienced perch fishermen are well aware that in the middle of winter perch can be taken not only for delicate mammys tackle. Especially when it comes to catching large deep perch, which hunts, as a rule, alone or in groups of 2-4 individuals. Humpback perch can be seduced by both vertical baubles and balancers. The main condition in the dead end is that the bait does not make sudden movements. Perch weighing up to a kilogram and more is quite cautious and rarely attacks the bait, randomly rushing about in the bottom layers. You should play the lure in such a way that pauses are as long as possible. And this requires a certain exposure. At the same time, in relatively clean places, it is better to use spinners without an uncoupling device.
If there are periods on the first ice when the perch rejects the seemingly most seductive bait, then in the dead end it becomes especially picky, and even the heavy smoker at this time can have continuous failures. Home-made mormyshki and spinners after soldering must be washed thoroughly in soda solution. The size, shape and color of the bait, the color and thickness of the fishing line play a role. It also matters whether it is hard or soft. In my opinion, during this period it is necessary to abandon large mormyshek, use only small ones. True, to attract perch, I usually play at first a large bait (it gives more tangible wave vibrations in the water), and then I put a tiny little mormyshka and start fishing. The assertion that in the dead end of a perch seduces only a sluggish game of bait, is not entirely true. And at this time, under the nose of a sedentary perch, you can intensively vibrate the mormyshka and thus provoke a predator's grip. But here it is worth giving up on fast wiring.
It is necessary to have small mormysks of the same type of various colors, so that there is plenty to choose from, because color plays an important role in the dead end. Let me remind you again and the rule: the thinner the fishing line – the more bites. You should not just make sharp hooks. With sluggish biting, a dark lead mormyska helps out, slowly moving it at the very bottom. At this time, the fishermen pay special attention to the nozzle: the leaked or rotted bloodworms are reluctant to take the fish, so a fresh bloodworm on the hook often brings luck.
In the backwoods, the larva of a burdock moth or a “sandwich” often rescues it – a combination of it with a bloodworm. Probably, not all anglers know that the larva of burdock moth emits a smell that attracts not only perch, but also many other fish. Therefore, it is useful to rub mormyshka with a crushed larva before starting fishing. This operation may be repeated from time to time. Sometimes one small bloodworm (fodder) is suitable as a nozzle. Good results are obtained by sticking the bloodworm head cut off with a safety razor blade. For such tiny and delicate nozzles and a hook you need the appropriate one – No. 18-22, with a thin forearm. Sometimes among the bloodworms, by chance, several small leeches may appear. We must try to catch on this nozzle. It happens that a solid humpback takes a leech, standing phlegmatically next to a playing mormyshka. Large perch can be caught on a tiny lard of fat from under the skin of boiled ham.
In recent years, many anglers have practiced direct fishing. And I must say, quite successfully. Artificial baits in the form of pieces of foam rubber, cambric, tendrils from red threads, etc. can also help the fisherman in short. to experiment. I am sure that success will be ensured. In the dead of winter, it is certainly more important than ever to know the features of the reservoir on which you are going to catch. This will allow you to properly tune your tackle at home (taking into account the specifics of fishing), “get” to the fishing place and, finally, find the necessary tricks of the game with bait to call the predator to bite.
I had to visit more large water bodies (reservoirs, places of confluence of springy rivers) at this time. Most often, perches in this period were found on the shallows, remote from the coast, underwater mounds, in places of flooding of the channels of small rivers and streams, where underwater springs beat. Moreover, contrary to popular belief, perch "appeared" in the middle of winter near thickets of aquatic vegetation in the presence of a calm course. Where the water is stagnant in winter or the current is very weak, the algae quickly begin to rot and the fish leave them for more flowing parts of the reservoir.
author: Kazantsev V.
We catch from the ice. All Secrets of Winter Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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