That above the hole
The most successful designs of girders are well known. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. In different years, I had to catch on the girders, which have significant differences. So there is something to compare. For myself, I settled on two types of this gear: the so-called “tripod” and the zergelika, which has one stand (metal or wooden). As for the girders on a flat base, I immediately became disappointed in them, after I had difficulty finding only two in the morning because of heavy snowfall on the Rybinsk Reservoir from nine punts put up for burbot in the morning.
In general, given the fact that you often have to catch in extreme conditions, the requirements for this tackle, by and large, come down to one rule – the simpler the better. At the same time, each element of the girder must be reliable. An important factor, for example, is that when the predator grip, the coil should not receive too much acceleration due to the operation of the elastic spring-retainer. The stock of fishing line on the reels of my vents is 15-20 m. If you want to limit the footage of a freely flowing fishing line, for example when fishing in shallow water, then this is easily done using a double loop. By virtue of its stretching, which makes it possible to amortize the jerks of the fishing fish, monofilament fishing line for girders is beyond competition. Although this does not mean that the braid can not be used. It's just that in our latitudes in winter there is rarely a positive air temperature, and a braided cord, as you know, is prone to icing and freezing on a reel.
Across the ice
If the fisherman is able to imagine, especially with the help of an echo sounder, the nature of the bottom and at least in general terms everything that is located on the other side of the ice, it is easier for him to navigate which equipment to use in this case. I mean, first of all, the free supply of fishing line, its diameter, stiffness, as well as the weight of the sinker, the length of the leash, the method of planting live bait, etc. As experience shows, the features of the equipment of the female landers primarily depend on the fishing conditions. Of course, different predators can be caught on the girders of the same design. Another thing is snap. For catching zander, for example, it is radically different from pike. However, there is no guarantee that the predator you intended to hunt is in the place you have chosen. I have witnessed more than once, and I myself have been in situations when a pike unexpectedly picked up a zergelina intended for pike perch in a typical pike perch.
What to do in this case? Sometimes it helps out the following trick: after cutting, they give the predator free play, only slightly holding the fishing line, and then they begin to fight with repeated “tug of war”. At the same time, a bet is placed on the fact that the monofilament leash will be in the corner of the pike mouth, and she will not be able to eat it. But, to determine what type of predator is on the hook, for this you need to have a fairly large experience. The equipment of the vents does not only depend on the type of fish intended, but also on the fishing conditions: shallow water overgrown with grass, deaf or sparse snag, underwater rocky ridges, etc. I have been convinced from personal experience that it is especially wise to relate to equipping and installing the vents on in shortened areas, as well as where aquatic plants rise 1-1.5 m from the bottom, or tackle has to be installed next to the reed (reed) thickets found in some reservoirs both in the coastal zone and at a considerable distance from the shore.
As for the short sections, I will give an example. Once, a friend and I arrived at a small pike dam in the Tula region. There was no ice on the local rivers yet, and here it had already reached a thickness of 5-6 cm. Instinctively “attached” to the snag, where the trunks of once-flooded trees protruded for half a meter and even more of ice that was smooth and slippery like a skating rink. “Here, at least, there is something to cling to if you fail,” my friend heroically cut off, taking a bunch of zergirls from his backpack. We installed half of them with the expectation that a bait fish – a 30-gram roach – would swim in half the water, and on the other half of the buzzards the bait fish were located almost at the very bottom at a depth of about three meters. The first test showed that regardless of the depth of immersion, several live baiters brought gear into the snag and fishing lines had to be cut off. The conclusion suggests itself: in a dense snag, “dead” hooks occur not only after the grasp of a predator, but also because the equipment under the ice is in the interweaving of branches or next to them.
Choosing a leash is a serious matter
Unfortunately, I did not keep statistics of cases when, due to my carelessness, a predator who took live bait on a vent, put tackle in driftwood or cut off a leash. But some "punctures" were remembered very well. Considering that now more and more appear on the ice zharchnik who do not have enough experience, it is easy to imagine how many predatory fish are injured in vain and most often fatal. The case is rare, but once near the snag I caught a pike, in the throat of which I found a 15-cm metal leash and tee No. 10. In general, a leash and a hook are the most important elements of tackle when fishing for a toothy predator. About twenty years ago we used homemade tungsten leashes. This increased the reliability of the gear, but such leashes were still harsh. Therefore, they tried to make them shorter. Sometimes I caught on leashes only 7-10 cm long. But this is strictly provided that you constantly follow the flags. With a late cut, a short leash may well be completely inside the pike, and then the main fishing line is left alone with sharp pike teeth.
It would never occur to anyone to plant a small live bait (roasting fish, bleak) on a tee or double. In these cases, a single hook No. 1-4 is most often used, with which live bait is caught on the back, under the upper fin. Such a hook is attached to the leash of a double mono-fishing gear using a knot, with a leash with a steel core in a soft braid, a miniature carabiner has to be used. And further. In bodies of water with stagnant water, where the pike is passive in winter, soft metal leashes are placed on the vents only at the beginning of freezing. The rest of the time, leashes from a double monopole with a diameter of 0.22-0.30 mm are installed. The same applies to catching small river pike weighing up to 1 kg. Currently, steel silk leads are on sale, as well as multi-strand steel leads, enclosed in a plastic sheath. They have a different number of threads and, accordingly, different strengths. However, in my opinion, the most suitable option is leashes from the kev-steel cable (manufactured by D.A.M.). They consist of a stranded steel bar and a Kevlar braid.
The appearance on the market of fishing products of modern materials for the manufacture of leashes is, of course, progress. But here's the thing! When I put 50% of metal leads and 50% of double monofilament, the number of bites, especially with weak predator activity, is usually in favor of the latter. Probably, the winter pike, all the more wise by life experience, does not attack the most seductive live bait just for the reason that it perfectly feels metal. In this sense, I recommend that you use braided leashes more often – predators do not react so negatively to them. The optimal length of the metal leash is 25-30 cm. The fastening of the leash to the main fishing line using the “loop to loop” method is not relevant today. There are very miniature imported swivels that can withstand up to 10 kg of weight or more.
If you are used to doing without a yawn, extractor or tweezers, it is better to use swivels with carabiners (clasps) and have a sufficient number of spare leashes. In this case, the fish is simply removed along with the leash and you do not waste time releasing it from the hook if it is deeply swallowed. It is very important to learn how to catch predatory fish without gathering and its death in the case when a large tee overlaps the esophagus and is unable to swallow food. Therefore, when fishing for pike, for example, on leashes of double monofilament (snacks, although rare, they happen), I most often put doubles No. 4-8 or single hooks No. 1, depending on the type of live bait. If the pike breaks the leash, the hook will rust with time and it will be able to get rid of it.
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