Before going fishing, each of us decides for himself the question: where to fish? We have loyal “patchworms”, “carpenters”, fans of catching zander, pike, and perch. And each of them has its own treasured places, its big and small secrets that help them find and outwit the cautious, "getting smarter" fish every year. I must say that the general patterns of fish search, which are sometimes given in the fishing literature, look very arbitrary. Similarly, the division of fish into high, bottom, deep-sea and pelagic (i.e., living in the water column) is conditional. In my opinion, this is exactly what a novice angler should learn first of all. For clarity, I will illustrate what was said at least with the following example.
Once, a friend and I came to fish on the drainage channel of Konakovskaya TPP. There was a rumor that a couple of days ago different fish took it well. And here we are on the shore. But what is it? A myriad of mayfly moths curl over the surface of the water and bursts of fattening fish are heard every now and then. All nozzles prepared by us in advance were not effective. Then we wandered into the water and with the help of a mosquito net (there was nothing else at hand) began to filter the water and collected a sufficient number of butterflies floating with the stream. They made 5-10 pieces per hook. The result of fishing that day exceeded all our most rosy expectations, and my friend even got a little pike, which he managed to somehow pull out on a thin fishing line.
Therefore, having arrived at a reservoir, it is first necessary to take into account the specific situation. And it may depend on the specifics of the reservoir, spring and autumn migrations of one or another species of fish, seasonal or daily dietary patterns, preferences in the choice of food items, and much, much more. As a rule, the location of the fish is determined by the sufficient availability of food, good chemical composition of the water, favorable oxygen regime, bottom topography (shelters, edges, ditches, troughs, etc.), providing comfortable conditions for living and searching for food. However, when saturated, the fish can leave the feeding place. This is clearly noticeable, for example, when narrowing crucian carp in a feeding place. The nibble suddenly stops, and if the day is quiet and sunny, then soon you can see how flocks of walking crucian carp appear on the surface of the reservoir.
In early spring and late autumn, most fish adhere to the bottom. And fish such as carp, carp, tench, bream and in the summer are looking for food at the bottom. Moreover, the feeding place can often be determined (in calm weather) by chains of bubbles on the surface of the water. True, they should not be confused with gas bubbles, which also come to the surface from the muddy bottom. In the middle of summer, with an abundance of aerial insects, grayling, chub, dace, asp can stay at the bottom, but they hunt exclusively in the upper layers of water. There are periods, especially in hot weather, when these fish feed on very small insects (mosquitoes, midges).
And then catching them is significantly complicated, since the same mosquito is quite problematic to use as a nozzle, not to mention midges. Probably, this behavior of riding fish is explained by the fact that in the heat they need a minimal amount of high-calorie food, but being constantly in motion causes a decrease in oxygen in warm water. This rule, of course, does not apply to fast-flowing rivers with cold spring water. Knowing the nature of the reservoir, the biology of the species of fish that live in it, will undoubtedly help the angler angler to quickly locate their site, choose the right gear and the most effective bait for effective fishing.
author: В.А. Kazantsev "Fishing in open water"
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