A lot has been written about catching crucian carp, roach and even bleak, but rudd, one of the most beautiful fish in our reservoirs, has been ignored. Yes, she’s bony, her meat is bitter and not very suitable for an ear. But this is the fish of our childhood, and not only. Her fishing is interesting for both beginners and experienced anglers. Catching a large rudd is not easy: you need to be able to find a fish stand and have a good command of float fishing techniques.
Early morning. There are two of us in the boat: my partner mate Zhora and I. We are standing on an attractive site of flowering uruti. The first casts to one of the nearest gaps.
“How nice and beautiful it is here!” I began, but Zhora abruptly cut short:
– Cut it! We seem to be fishing. Then we will admire.
– Bite, so fast? – I have time to say and see how my float emerged, swayed once or twice and froze.
And Zhora pulls out a decent rudd of 250-300 grams and lets go, something annoyingly grumbles. I exchange the worm for steamed wheat grains tinted with beetroot juice and move the float to catch halfway. Along the way, I reprimand Zhora that in vain he does not consider the rudd for fish. But he cannot be persuaded. After listening to me, he says: “I catch crucian carp, and though I consider the rudd, I still will not take it for fish! This is weedy fish in the Don, and there’s nothing interesting in catching it. ”
The rudd is not only brighter than roach due to the golden color of the scales: it is markedly different in body structure and lifestyle. The body of the rudd is high, and the mouth turned up says that it eats in the middle layers of water and on top, unlike crucian carp, bream and most other river inhabitants. Golden brown tint of the back, orange eyes with a bright red spot and very bright red-raspberry fins – all this makes the rudd one of the most beautiful fish in our reservoirs. Large specimens are especially good, and catching them is a pleasure.
Where to look
The rudd is almost never found on the course, avoids a clean bottom, does not like open, devoid of vegetation places. This fish is settled and in favorite places it can live for years. She even spawns near permanent habitats. He just doesn’t like close proximity to roach: where there is a lot of it, there may not be a rudd, and vice versa. And although she avoids the neighborhood of roach, she gets along well with a bream, tench, and crucian carp. In general, rudd is quite unpretentious and undemanding to the purity of water, omnivorous and all-weather, but shy and careful. In the vicinity of Novocherkassk, the largest rudd can be found in reservoirs and estuaries, and medium and small ones are found in grassy old forests and river bays, in lakes and flowing ponds.
In shallow water, large rudd is often found in areas with a muddy bottom, and in depth, it prefers areas with thickets of soft aquatic vegetation: filamentous greenery, uruti, and rdest. In hot weather, rudd can often be found under wide floating leaves of white water lilies and yellow capsules, as well as in small fields of duckweed. Here, water is saturated with oxygen, many insects and their larvae, snails. But thicket hornwort and Elodea rudd avoid. In the morning and evening hours, especially in windy weather, rudd stands next to thickets of high surface vegetation – reeds, reeds, sedges, from which insects fall into the water.
The places where the rudd is held can be determined by the characteristic smacking that the fish emits, collecting livestock from the underside of the floating leaves. Indicates its presence and the swaying of the leaves themselves. During the flight of insects, the rudd melts, hunting for those that descend into the water. In spring and autumn, rudd should be searched in the windows among the dry reeds with panicles and reeds, not only near the coast, but also in deeper places away from it. In summer – mainly in the gaps among thickets of soft grass.
A good bite is observed in the summer with a peak in August, after which there is a noticeable decline. In May and September, the nibble is average. In winter, they do not catch her with us, since at this time she eats very little. Fishing begins in May – early June, when the water warms up to 18-20 degrees. At this time, sprouts of aquatic vegetation appear – the favorite delicacies of the rudd, and you can easily determine the place of fishing from them. At the end of May, and more often in June, you can get to the post-spawning zhor, which can last up to two weeks. At this time, she actively takes on both plant and animal nozzles. From the shore they catch 5-7-meter rods, and from the boat they are shorter. You can catch and distant casting, but the most effective fishing with a side nod to mormyshka and rewindless, the latter is even preferable.
More than once he was convinced that the rudd is more relaxed about the fishermen in the boat: you can even talk. But on the shore you have to be careful and quiet, the main thing is not to wave your hands. Given the caution of the rudd, it makes sense to use a colored fishing line, preferably light green. Although this question is quite controversial, but I have repeatedly convinced that this really increases the number of bites. I set the main fishing line with a diameter of 0.17-0.2 mm, since I have to catch it among the thickets where hooks are inevitable, especially in the wind. But on a lead it is better to take a fishing line no thicker than 0.1 mm. The leash is 25-30 cm long. The choice of size and shape of the hook, as with any other fish, depends on the attachment. Most often used are Nos. 3-4 according to Russian classification, the main thing is that the hook is thin and sharp.
When fishing at a depth of up to 1.5 m, I most often use a regular feather float. In deeper places – homemade foam with a lifting capacity of up to 2 g with a ring on the keel and a short antenna. I fix the float at one point on the keel with a piece of cambric: it is easier to change the depth, which is simply necessary when searching for rudd. I do not use far casting – I catch from a boat. Krasnoperka really does not like the presence in the equipment of various metal carabiners and swivels. Often she takes the bait in the fall, so good results give a loaded float in combination with one small pellet at the leash. In this case, the float, once in the water, immediately occupies a vertical position, and the nozzle with a light sinker slowly drops down.
When fishing for rudd, you have to be constantly on the alert. With a weak bite, the float can flinch one or two or slightly move to the side, slow down and begin to sink. Cutting must be done immediately. When fishing on a slowly lowering nozzle, it is necessary to hook during any movement of the float. The bite of a large rudd is confident, with a quick immersion of the float. Large specimens should not be forced, and with a thin leash it is better to use a sucker. In general, it is always necessary in the boat, as often instead of rudd there are heavy crucians and even bream. Although the rudd does not have mucus on the body, but once in the hands, it trembles greatly and may well break free.
Fishing for rudd is convenient because it does not require bait – in any case, in the amount that is used for other leucorrhoea. You can, of course, toss a handful of chopped worms when fishing for a worm at the bottom, steamed grain or ground meal, but often all the surrounding linen is going to such a treat, and then it doesn't come to rudd.
author Alexey ARKHIPOV