Unlike other donkeys, this tackle is designed for active fishing of large fish, both predatory and non-predatory, in the bottom layers of the course. In this case, the wiring is carried out with the help of a sinker, moved by the flow along the bottom. In the European part of our country there are not many rivers with a relatively clean sand and pebble bottom. Therefore, it is not surprising that the running donka is less popular here than, say, in the Urals, Siberia or the Far East. Running donka is especially effective during spring and autumn fish runs. But it can also be caught in the summer, when all the "evil" places are divided. Lenkina catches lenok quite well, under the roll – the “duty” taimen. And in the moderate course of the river reach, any fish whose main food is bottom organisms can take the bait.
The device gear is not particularly difficult. However, some nuances should be considered. So, sometimes a fisherman, having lost several good trophies (usually 2-3), immediately strengthens the tackle. After being burned in milk, as they say, it begins to blow into the water, switching to too rigid, powerful rods. But such "sticks", respectively, require a thicker fishing line with a diameter of at least 0.4-0.5 mm. Otherwise, cliffs are inevitable. As a result, the number of bites is reduced, the fish shies away from such equipment as the devil from incense, and the coveted trophy, which cut off the fishing line a couple of years ago, remains only in the fisherman's dreams.
In my opinion, if you catch a running donkey on a fishing tackle with a dead fish, a brush of earthworms or mormysh, the following gear option is quite acceptable: a fishing rod with a semi-parabolic system, 2.4-3 m long, designed to throw cargo weighing up to 30-40 g ; high-speed inertialess coil with 3-6 "balls" and a rear brake; monofilament – 0.25-0.30 mm, lead 0.22-0.25 mm, “braid” with a breaking load of 5-8 kg, durable hooks with an extremely sharp sting No. 2-4 (according to international classification). I repeat once again that it is impractical to catch small fish with a running donkey. Without a doubt, a sinker in a running donkey is one of the main elements of gear. It should be noted especially. The form and weight of it is chosen by the fisherman directly in the pond. This takes into account the strength of the current, the nature of the river bottom and the estimated casting distance. Usually, in the arsenal of a submarine fisherman there is a set of sinkers – spherical, pear-shaped, flat, diamond-shaped, etc. – weighing from 4 to 50 g.
The “driving” qualities of a sinker depend not only on its mass, but also on its shape: spherical, for example, is easier to flow than a flat one; but the latter, in turn, will help out on a fast jet. Sinkers for weak currents are made not only of lead, but also of lighter metals: aluminum, brass and even plastic. If you are fishing from a boat, it is preferable to use flat sinkers; when fishing from the shore you will need spherical or pear-shaped (they are better displaced by the current along the arc), but for long-range casting weights of the “torpedo” type are most suitable. Sometimes, for example, on a weak course and with careful biting, it is more advisable to use sliding lead sinkers, as well as made of lighter materials than lead (brass, copper, aluminum and even plastic). In any case, you should not forget that the presence of swivels in the equipment of the running donkey is a prerequisite. This will help to avoid tangling the leashes and the main line. Anti-spinners or anti-spinners serve the same purpose.
The technique for catching a running donkey has its own characteristics. This tackle is good because it allows you to quickly catch a section of a reservoir within a radius of about 50 m from one point, provided that the fisherman is well acquainted with the features of the bottom topography, since each hook will take a lot of “working” time from you. You can catch it from a boat, into a wade and from the shore. It is more convenient to catch from a boat that is anchored. Having lowered the sinker with the bait to the bottom, the end of the rod is gently raised and, when it overcomes about two-thirds of the distance to the vertical, the line is ejected from the reel. Having finished lifting in an upright position, the dump is stopped and the rod is returned to its original horizontal position. In this case, the line should be kept slightly stretched. When the movement of the sinker ceases, all actions are repeated, releasing the sinker, and with it the bait further and further downstream. It is recommended that you hold the tool from time to time. Cut at the slightest hint of bite.
The advantage of fishing from a boat is that, firstly, there is no need for long casting (the nozzle can be lowered vertically from the boat and gradually move it downstream to a distance of 40-50 m), and secondly, this gives the angler the opportunity use lures that are weakly held on the hook, which is sometimes crucial. Catching a running donkey can be effective aground and in depth, in strong, moderate and weak currents, and also where the bottom is led by ledges, especially under rifts. If when fishing in the wiring, the meeting of the fish with the bait occurs within a fraction of a second, then in our case the potential victim has the opportunity to examine and taste the proposed delicacy.
When equipping a running donkey, most often you have to compromise. This applies to the combination of all elements of gear. So, when fishing in a strong current, you will need a rather heavy sinker, and therefore, you will have to weight and coarsen all the equipment. In addition, if you catch from a boat, moving downstream, the nature of the river channel will constantly change: then a roll, then a reach, then a whirlpool-return, then a deep hole with access to a sand spit, etc. The strength of the stream will be different, and you often have to change weights. In this case, I usually use a sinker-spiral. Since the fishing line simply winds up in a spiral at the ends of the sinker, it can be quickly replaced with a lighter or heavier one. These sinkers can be used both in the “blind” and in the sliding version. It is also very convenient to replace the sinkers, which are fastened with the help of swivel-carabiners, but this somewhat coarsens the equipment.
In a moderate course, releasing the bait 30-40 m and not finding a bite, you can use the “step” or “herringbone” wiring as a “return stroke”. During the autumn rolling of such fish as lenok, taimen, grayling, this technique sometimes gives brilliant results. Obviously, this is due to the fact that the fish, having lingered on one or another attracting stretch of the river, waits for prey traditionally, standing against the head flow. You probably already noticed that when I talk about catching a donka with a sea, I mainly talk about fish that are caught with this tackle in the Asian part of our country. But here's the thing. In recent years, I quite often visit the Lower Volga. And in those channels where the conditions allow, I mean the relative cleanliness of the bottom, as well as the most suitable time – the spring and autumn course of the Volga fish, my experiments with the running donka brought me worthy trophies of both predatory and non-predatory fish.
In some European rivers, as well as in Siberian rivers, a running donka can successfully catch various fish not only from a boat, but also from the shore and into a wander. If during fishing in the wilderness the main determining factor is the nature of the river soil, usually sandy, sandy, pebble or rocky, then when fishing from the shore, the main condition is the use of combat baits in a sufficiently clean bottom and not catching in places where there are bottom obstacles. Equipment does not have to be carried along the stream; sometimes oblique castings may be more effective when wiring is carried out for demolition along an arc. When fishing from the shore, the fisherman, using the tip of the rod, slightly lifts the sinker above the bottom, and it drifts downstream, along the arc, a meter or two. From time to time, lifting a sinker forces him to make a path equal to almost a quarter of the circumference with the center at the point from which the cast is made. After 3-4 postings, if there are no bites, the place is changed, moving upstream of the river.
Siberian fishermen during the massive pre-spawning course of the dace catch this fish with a very original spinning tackle (running bottom) – with the so-called sloping sinker “dumpling”, which moves along the bottom by the force of the current. The equipment is as follows. To the main fishing line with a diameter of 0.20-0.22 mm, just above the sinker, 3-4 leashes of a thinner fishing line with hooks No. 10-17 are tied, on which pieces of a worm or mormysh are medium sized. Caught from the shore, below the rapids, on the shallows, at the mouths of river bays and tributaries. With a good course of fish, fishing can be interesting and prey. In the Trans-Baikal rivers in this way, but with stronger tackle, they successfully hunt lenok during its fall from the upper reaches of the rivers to wintering places.
author: Kazantsev V.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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