The advantages of modern bottom fishing rods include, first of all, the fact that this tackle can be caught from the shore in cramped conditions or from a boat, throwing the bait at a considerable distance, where the desired fish is kept and where it behaves less carefully. Bottom tackle is mainly used for catching large fish. However, I knew rare enthusiasts who, having conveniently settled down on the shore with delicate docks with a rubber shock absorber (the main fishing line 0.15-0.20), were happy to indulge in fishing for crucians and carp, weighing 50-100 g. In general, I must say that donors As a rule, people are sedate, patient and persistent. Judge for yourself, not every angler is able to sit on the beach for half a day, or even a whole day, waiting sometimes for a single bite.
However, among donors there are aces, their masters of this type of fishing. In addition, there are certain types of so-called bottom fish (bream, pikeperch, burbot), which are most advisable to catch just such gear. In this article we will talk about the features of the device of various donkeys, the most rational options for their equipment, and, of course, about the fishing technique and tactics.
The simplest donks
The simplest donka consists of an fishing rod (length 80-100 cm) with a pointed end for sticking into the coastal soil and reel for winding fishing line. Its reserve is made taking into account the casting distance, but usually no more than 30 m, since it is difficult to abandon a larger number of fishing lines, placing it in advance with rings on a clean section of the coast or using various devices to increase the casting distance. A sinker is attached to the end of the main fishing line of such a donkey, and above it one or two leashes with hooks. The diameter of the leashes is chosen slightly smaller than the main fishing line, so that when the hitch comes off the leash, and not all the equipment. As a bite signaling device, you can use bells, metal and wooden plumb bob, densely rolled foil rolls, etc. If the tip of the fishing rod is flexible enough, for example, when you use a freshly cut willow rod, you can do without a signaling device.
The simplest donka can be made more catchy if, instead of a tightly attached sinker, we put a sliding one limited by a stop knot, pellet or swivel. In this case, the leash or leashes are not placed before, but after the sinker. With all its shortcomings, even the most primitive donka in the form of a castor or an old-fashioned entrance in Russia (a stake is clogged into the bottom of the reservoir, the bottom equipment of which is tied to the bottom) can help you out in the most unforeseen circumstances. For example, when you find yourself in a fish pond, and you don’t have a spinning rod, a fishing rod or other gear, you have a reel, fishing line, a set of sinkers and hooks. I have repeatedly found myself in similar situations, especially during numerous journalistic business trips and, of course, “resorted to the services” of simple gear.
Donka with rubber shock absorber
A donka with a rubber shock absorber, or in the common language “gum”, was widely used among Russian anglers. Its main advantage over the usual simple bottom tackle is that the fisherman does not have to cast every time after catching the fish or checking the state of the nozzles. In addition, it allows the use of gentle attachments weakly held on hooks, which is sometimes of great importance and, by and large, determines the success of fishing, especially in the summer.
To make this tackle you will need: any monofilament fishing line, including a wedge fishing line, with a diameter of 0.5 mm, monofilament for leads with a cross section of 0.3 mm, high-quality hooks with a very sharp sting, a round Hungarian-style model rubber band, and a rather heavy lead load flat shape and buoy. As a stand, it is best to use a steel rod with a pointed lower end. An inertial reel is attached to the upper end of the rod, onto the drum of which 100 m of fishing line is wound. The coil must be equipped with a ratchet brake. A bet about 1.5 m long with leashes is stored on a separate reel.
Having several elastic bands of various lengths, with such a donka you can fish both at the very shore and at a considerable distance from it. The ratio of the length of the gum and fishing line should be approximately 1: 4. But usually experienced donors, acting together, do the following. One of them brings rigging to the required distance on the boat, while the other at that time pits the rubber attached to the fishing line until it becomes clear by tension that it is undesirable to stretch the rubber further. After a command from the shore, the first angler lowers the load, to which the elastic is tied, to the bottom, after having previously freed the line from the splinter of the buoy. The line from the buoy is easily unwound until the load falls to the bottom. After that, the excess fishing line should be wound on the buoy and again brought into the cleavage. The fishing line on the buoy must be strong so that after fishing without any problems you can get the load.
In practice, the calculation boils down to the following. Suppose that the distance from the coast to the pre-tier edge where hooks with nozzles are to be delivered is 60 m. To do this, we need a piece of gum with a length of 20 m (taking into account an acceptable stretch factor). We add 20 m to sixty meters, therefore, we must lower the load at a distance of 80 m from the coast. In this case, the gum will stretch about four times. Having delivered the cargo and buoy to the right place, to the end of the elastic band, tied in a loop, with the help of a swivel-fastener, a bet with leashes is fastened, which, in turn, is connected to the main fishing line. In some cases, it is advisable to install a miniature wire feeder at a rate near the gum. If you periodically feed from a boat, before lowering the bait balls you need to choose a snap. And taking into account the depth in the place of fishing, tie a small foam buoy to the bet, which will show the feeding point.
When fishing for "rubber" you need to be extremely careful about their own safety so as not to get hurt by hooks. Therefore, in order to avoid troubles, a reliable loop is made at the end of the main fishing line, with the help of which the equipment is fixed on the main or auxiliary rack both when changing nozzles and when fishing the fish, which is best taken by landing net. Traditional bells, metal plumb bells can be bite signaling devices in such tackle. In the daytime, the bite is clearly visible on the fishing line, and with a strong pull, the ratchet brake is activated. Some fishermen who prefer to stroll along the shore waiting for bite, in addition to tackle, use special hookers, which combine with the same bells. The cutting device consists of a metal stand, in the upper end of which there is a cut for the fishing line of a guardhouse made of duralumin or brass plate with a thickness of about two millimeters. During the bite of the fishing line, the gatehouse flies out of the cut, and due to a sharp reduction in the stretched elastic, undercutting occurs.
A donka with a rubber shock absorber is intended primarily for catching non-predatory fish, but with some modernization it can also be used for catching predators at the surface and in the water column. In the first case, you need to put longer leashes (for live bait to walk more freely), usually 50-60 cm, and use larger and stronger hooks. And so that bait fish do not "hide", the leashes must be raised above the bottom vegetation. This is done with the help of foam buoys, which are tied close to the heading or between leashes with hooks scattered around the main fishing line. Buoys raise equipment to the surface of the water. This gum is especially effective when fishing for pike perch and pike in coastal areas at night. In the second case, in order to deliver live bait or other nozzles above the bottom, elongated standing sinkers such as the Vanka-Vstanki are used in combination with foam floats that are attached to the main fishing line.
author: Kazantsev V.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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