In the modern market for fishing products, a huge number of floats of various models are presented. Not only a novice fisherman, but also an experienced floater, it’s not easy to figure out all this diversity. Moreover, there are not many fishing shops in which the sales assistant can expertly explain the purpose of a particular model, talk about the application in certain conditions. And in fishing periodicals too little attention is paid to this issue: the main topics are spinning and carp fishing. At the same time, float fishing remains the most affordable: it is the float fishing rod that catches the majority of anglers, from schoolchildren to senior citizens. This review is mainly based on the Italian company Milo floats, which I use most often.
Open water fishing floats are divided into several main types: for a fly fishing rod, plug, bolonez and match. Of course, this division is not quite strict: some models can be used with at least two types of float rods. The only exceptions are match floats designed exclusively for long casting using a reel. But this is a separate topic, and in this article I will not discuss it. Although a few years ago I was very surprised by what I saw on the dammed river Ichke, not far from the Los station of the Yaroslavl Railway. My attention was drawn to a middle-aged fisherman, neatly dressed, with the expensive 7-meter-long Italian flywheel Maver 234 series. And he used a match float, sliding, with built-in loading, adapted to throw 70 meters.
The combination of a fly-fishing rod and a match float surprised me so much that I could not resist and went up to inquire about an unusual choice. Everything turned out to be very simple. A well-to-do man decided to go fishing before retirement, went to the nearest fishing store and asked the seller to pick out the tackle of his own mind and set it up in the same store. "Occupied" the new fisherman in full. They sold one of the most expensive fly fishing rods, an expensive fishing line, and not one, and match floats, which were completely not intended for catching, but the most expensive ones, and sold a lot of everything else to the heap. Of course, not cheap. I involuntarily recalled the film "Features of winter fishing."
In classic flywheel, plug and Bologna fishing rods in still water or in weak currents, keel floats with two attachment points are used – a ring on the body, cambric on the keel – with a loading capacity of 0.5 to 3-5 g. A novice angler should prefer floats with body in the form of an olive or a drop, with a lavsan or graphite antenna and a keel of graphite. Metal keel floats are more sensitive and require a more accurate and thorough selection of the load. The use of floats with metal antennas requires a virtuoso environment, and they are primarily intended for catching small fish with lightweight nozzles, mainly in sports fishing competitions. For fishing with heavy attachments, preference should be given to floats with an antenna made of bamboo with a diameter of 3-5 mm, which have positive buoyancy and are easier to encircle.
When fishing with a plug in still water with no wind and in the absence of a strong undercurrent, keel floats with an elongated apex and additional volume on the antenna are well suited. Usually these models are used with a small carrying capacity – 0.5-2 g. Most often they are used for catching fine whitewash, but they are also effective in the delicate fishing of roach and crucian carp. They surround such a model so that the upper additional body goes into the water by 1-1.5 cm. To fix the keel float on the fishing line, two cambrics are used, better silicone ones. One, located near the body of the float, has a length of 2-3 mm. The second, at the end of the keel, should be made 7-8 mm long. The lower cambric must protrude 3-4 mm beyond the end of the keel of the float: this will save you from unnecessary tool overlaps during casting.
For carp fishing in ponds and lakes in the absence of strong wind and underwater current, it is advisable to use models of floats with a body in the form of a spindle. This type of float best shows the bite on the rise. In bodies of water with a course and depths of more than 3 m, especially if the target of fishing is the hustler and scavenger, it makes sense to use floats with the body in the form of an inverted drop. They are also quite applicable for roach fishing in canals and large rivers. In this article, I described the most common float options most commonly used by float fishers in various fishing conditions. Other more specialized models of floats, we will discuss more than once in the following materials on float fishing.
It is not enough to choose a float suitable for certain fishing conditions: it must be properly loaded. Even among experienced floaters, there is still no consensus on how to surround the float, in particular, what part of the antenna should remain above the water. I will express my opinion. In my opinion, it is best to surround the float so that the antenna protrudes above the water by about 2/3 of its length. The small and medium nozzle – bloodworms, maggots, a piece of the worm, pearl barley – when fishing in still water, will additionally drown the antenna by about 1/3, depending on the thickness of the antenna. Such immersion provides maximum sensitivity of the float and transfers bite well. If you have to catch a whole worm or corn grain, the float should be encircled under the base of the antenna. But this is if the nozzle should be in the water column, and if the nozzle lies at the bottom, then the float should be loaded at 1/3 of the antenna height.
The float can be surrounded in two ways. The first, most common and easiest is the use of olives and podpaska. The distance between them is from 20 to 50-70 cm, depending on the depth of the place of fishing, the activity of the fish and the strength of the current. This option of loading is most justified when fishing in strong currents, when the nozzle must be accurately carried out over the feeding table. It is advisable to use such a load with an active bite of the fish, when it is taken on the move and if, according to the fishing conditions, the attachment must be brought to the bottom as quickly as possible. The second method is to surround a set of pellets of various weights. You will have to tinker with their selection. Such a load is used when the fish is careful and only pecks when the nozzle is lowered smoothly. The more pellets in this case, the better. The distance from the sub-lead to the bottom pellet is 5-10 cm longer than the leash. The further spread of the pellets is usually 10-15 cm. The weight of the sub-flow depends on the strength of the current, the depth of the reservoir and the carrying capacity of the float.
When choosing the weight of the sub-pellet and other pellets, you can focus on the average values established experimentally. So, when you surround a float with a carrying capacity of 1 g for catching in still water and in a weak stream, a 0.04 g sub-reserve is taken, and the main pellets weighing 0.09-0.11 g are distributed across the fishing line without spacing. On rivers with medium and strong currents with a float of the same carrying capacity, a stock of 0.07 g is used. It is placed at the connection of the leash with the main fishing line, an intermediate pellet is 25-30 cm higher 0.03-0.05 g heavier than the stock, and 15-20 cm from her group of other pellets of the same weight. With a 2-gram float, a 0.07 g sub-reserve is usually put when fishing in a lake or pond and 0.09 g on a river with a weak and medium flow.
The stronger the current, the heavier the stock should be. Sometimes, bringing all the pellets together directly at the subsurface contributes to a more active catching of the breeding and scavenger in the course. I encountered this when fishing on the channel to them. Moscow near Dubna. Such reduction of the load was especially effective when, due to the work of the locks, the current changed its strength and direction. When picking up a load, do not be afraid to overload the float: excess lead can be easily removed with manicure tweezers.
author Vladimir DOROFEEV