Rybinka is the largest reservoir in the central part of Russia. It is no coincidence that locals proudly call it the sea. The expanses here are large, there are a lot of fish, so when it becomes possible to go there for a few days, then you simply cannot miss it. So my friends and I went to our favorite pond in mid-January. Our path lay in one of the small villages located near Breytovo. The location is convenient in that you can quickly get to the Antigua, Sebla or Prozorovo by car. These names are well known to everyone who at least once visited Rybinka. There are a lot of fish – both different leucorrhoea and a predator. Among fishermen the local roach is famous, reaching a weight of 1 kg and bearing the proud name "sea". The local bream, zander and, of course, perch are no less famous.
The latter grows to an impressive size, and most importantly, it often gathers in very large flocks, which is in the hands of fishermen. With pike perch it is a little more difficult. Although there is a lot of him in the reservoir, he rarely keeps in the same place and constantly moves behind the flocks of tyulka. When we were going fishing, we were counting more on a predator. They took a complete set of suitable gear, including zhirnitsy. At the same time, I wanted to catch roach, and if I was lucky, I could fall into its “marine” variety.
The first day we got perch. We fished at the exit of the Lam River, not far from Antier, where a rather long spit runs from the island. Its location is clearly visible even in winter. The depth in this place is very small – from 0.4 to 1.5 m. And nearby, on the side of the spit, the depth was already 4-5 m. It turned out that the perch, rising from the depth, squeezes the fry in shallow water. Striped kept here in large numbers, but it did not always peck well. The first day we were lucky. It was a good frost, and the perch was active. He took almost all the baits – baits, balancers, mormyshki, devils. So everyone caught on that which was more pleasant. I preferred the balancer, and my white and blue Rapala worked very well.
I must say that at Rybinka, as many fishermen note, blue lures work better. However, this is not a universal rule. Next to us, fishermen were catching very well on very bright baits. Perch pecked quite “commodity” – 200-300 g each, less often about 400 g. They came across in the kilogram area. Those who tried to catch perch in mormyshka from great depths, immediately fell into the flocks of ruff, which, unlike other reservoirs, is quite a lot here. Despite the fact that it is customary to use sufficiently strong gear at Rybinka, mine did not differ in power. When fishing on the balancer, I used a fishing line of 0.18 mm, on the devil – 0.16 mm. And I used to catch mormyshka with a “Moscow region” diameter of 0.1 mm. In this case, there were no breaks in the fish. Given that the conditions on the pond are very different, you must constantly have with you a whole set of equipped fishing rods. Of course, it is more convenient to carry them on a sled.
The peculiarity of Rybinka is that fishing here is most often team fishing. If you find a fish, you call your friends, and after them all come to their senses. As soon as the fish stops taking, some anglers try to find the fish on their own, but most prefer to “join” those who have already found the flock. This approach is annoying for many, but there is nothing to be done – these are local “laws”. So in the habit of drilling under someone else's box, no one here sees anything shameful. The most striking example of such behavior I saw on the river Sebl. In a small bay, one of the fishermen began to catch a decent roach up to 500 g. As a result, literally half an hour later, more than a hundred fishermen crowded into the bay. From the outside, it looked as if a large flock of raven flew into an uncleaned field.
Catching perch is a gamble and fun business, but nevertheless zander is a more respected fish. Therefore, having set aside the soul on the first day, on the second we went in for fangs. There are two main ways to catch it: search with a balancer or baubles on the sidelines and fishing for zerkva. I decided to flash along the brow. Started with shallows, and then began to drill holes in depth. And when he found the edge, he moved along it. The best result was near snags at a depth of 6-8 m. The most effective was a small balancer, softly colored – blue with a red belly. I was struck by the fact that in addition to pike perch, we also came across this bait. His bites were probably casual. Only once from one hole was he able to catch two kilogram burbots, and this happened in the reach with a depth of only 4 m, although not far from the deep channel.
In fishing for zerlitsa, I was somewhat surprised by the approach of the local fishermen to choosing a place. Usually, zander are caught by zerlits at a sufficiently large depth, most often along a flooded channel. Here we were advised to place gear at a shallow depth. As we were told, the pike perch rests on the channel for most of the time, but it goes to the shallow water to hunt with a depth of only 0.5-1.5 m. It is necessary that the intended shallow area be located next to the channel, at a distance of no more than 10-30 m It is believed that further from the channel, zander simply will not work. We heeded the local councils, but part of the gatekeepers were nevertheless installed both on the riverbed and on the dumps. As a result, most of the bites came precisely in shallow water.
We didn’t come across really large zander, but 1-2 kg specimens appeared on the ice regularly. We used the most common ventricles. Perhaps the only difference was that they had fluorocarbon leashes on them. The attitude to this material among fishermen is ambiguous. Some people use it almost everywhere, where possible – even as a leash when fishing for jig. Others find it expensive and worthless. It should be borne in mind that fluorocarbon, which was produced about five years ago, was tough and had low strength. Now a fairly soft fluorocarbon has appeared, which is not inferior in strength to ordinary fishing line and at the same time superior to it in wear resistance. We used Japanese fluorocarbon with a diameter of 0.35 mm. This material is easy to distinguish from a fake: if you burn a piece, it turns into coal after combustion.
To catch zander, fish bait was lowered so that it did not reach the bottom a little. The roach weighing 50-70 g served as live bait. Sudak pecked outlets. Usually, the first exit occurred at dawn, then a break until noon, then a short burst of activity, but a longer exit occurred in the late afternoon. He took pike perch on the zergilniks left for the night. On the same gear occasionally came across and burbot, but only if the live bait was directly at the bottom. Burbot was caught up to 1.5 kg. In January, he should have begun a period of zhora, but the changed weather, apparently, “canceled” it.
I must say that weather changes have a noticeable effect on fishing results. In our case, frost and calm were replaced by sharp warming with a strong wind. At night the zander continued to take, but during the day it became very difficult to catch at sea. The wind was such that on slick ice even sleds with a drill lying in them tore off. I had to switch to catching roach on the famous "Rybinsk" mormyshka. It is an uncoil in the form of an ant or a drop, in which the body itself can be the size of a good bucket. Beads are most often used yellow, red or “watermelon”. Mostly, roach was caught in rivers, where forested shores covered from the wind. Roach took well for an active game. The fishing depth was 1.5-3 m. In very shallow areas, small perch and ruff pecked.
When fishing at shallow depths, the holes are not completely cleaned, and a small hole for bait is made in the sludge with a stick. It is believed that the fish is afraid of the light. As far as one can judge, this is indeed so. In any case, at depths of up to 3 m. It is not customary to feed fish on Rybinka. Catching running with constant movement in search of a pack. The course of the sea roach has not yet begun, but large roaches have already been caught on Sebel before us, although it was most likely not a sea roach, which is pulled into the river closer to spring, but a local one, which is kept here constantly throughout the winter period. Thaw is believed to be the best time to catch roaches. But it turned out that in severe frost, while we were catching perch, roach also took very well, and after warming its activity decreased slightly. On the roach, I honed the fishing technique on a rewinder. It seems to me that the difference in the efficiency of the rewinder and the standard one with the reptile is not big, but it is certainly more interesting to catch the rewinder.
author Oleg KAPITANOV