Fishing for small and medium-sized rivers

Fishing for small and medium-sized riversWhen you come to the river, which was recommended as a chub, you will not only find the right place for fishing, but also understand how to deliver the bait to this place. Often very good places are accessible only for upstream wiring and are completely unsuitable for downstream fishing. Most often, this is prevented by branches of coastal bushes and trees hanging over the water, which do not allow to make targeted casting upstream, or upstream.

Casting direction

But for angling against the current, casting as such is often not needed: just open the coil of the coil, put the bait on the water and float downstream. At the same time, I can say for sure: over the past 10 years, all my trophy chubs weighing more than 1.5 kg, with the exception of one, were caught by the method of alloying a wobbler downstream. There are many reasons for this, but the main one, it seems to me, is one. During the day, a large chub hardly feeds, all that is needed is what will be next to its “hole”. And in order to get him, well-fed and cautious, to throw himself on a wobbler, you need to stop the bait near the fish parking. Consequently, extremely slow wiring is required and often at the maximum possible depth.

When fishing with upstream, this cannot happen in principle: the bait moves too fast, faster than the stream, so the fish often do not have time to make out and attack it, especially in muddy water. In addition, upstream fishing requires frequent casting, which can alert the fish and quickly tire the fisherman, despite the fact that the effective posting phase is very short, rarely more than a dozen seconds. But wiring against the current can last several minutes, if the place deserves such close attention.

Rafting a wobbler downstream, it is easier to imitate a natural object, for example, a May bug falling into the water, a favorite chub delicacy. This insect has a high positive buoyancy, is almost not wetted by water and, when swimming, tries to row its paws, creating diverging circles on the surface. Therefore, when alloying a wobbler, it can be useful to slow down the cord by clamping it with your fingers. This should be done intermittently: let the wobbler slightly accelerate, pick up the flow rate – and brake sharply, squeezing the cord. When braking starts up, the wobbler starts playing, slightly diving under water. Of course, a beetle that has fallen into the water cannot “go deep” so, but this allows you to turn on the predatory instincts of the fish, and it attacks the bait.

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Rafting distance and good places

The vacation distance depends on your experience and ability to read the river. If a great depth is guessed along the coast, and the trees and bushes stand close to the water, this is a very good place and it should be given a lot of time, maybe even a few hours. In such places, I usually fuse the wobbler as far as possible and begin to process the entire area in small pieces. Gradually, from the fragments of the wobbler’s passage of the entire distance, the general picture of the river topography along the wiring line is formed, all the hounds and hooks about the bottom and driftwood are remembered. And I catch the entire distance layer by layer, gradually changing wobblers to ever deeper ones. However, wobblers are a topic of a separate large article, and it will appear a bit later.

Usually, the maximum length of the bait alloy is determined either by the underwater relief of the river (for example, there is no point in rafting further, since a shallow section begins), or the direction of its flow (bend), or the direction of coastal jets. Usually I act at the limit of reasonable risk, on the verge of a hook, and try to draw the bait as close to the shore as possible and, accordingly, to the fish. Wobbler often finds himself in the river a good place. Let me explain what this means. The principle of wiring the wobbler against the current is similar to an alloy with stops: they rewound the bait, paused, while the wobbler stands under water, playing actively. There is almost always such a pause when you understand from a bait game that this place is very good.

Moving the wobbler in a “good place” closer or further from the coast due to a change in the position of the spinning top and control jerks, you feel the presence of several small local currents. Getting on a faster underwater stream, the wobbler is noticeably activated, starts to work with a higher frequency and occupies a deeper horizon. It is this “impudent” behavior of the bait with local movements of different speeds along the horizontal and vertical that often provokes a large chub to exit the shelter and attack. Such tactics almost every trip allows you to catch very good, sometimes even trophy chubs. And often, mind you, at a time when the chub as a whole is passive throughout the river and even small and medium-sized specimens are not caught.

But I must warn you: often the desire to check the place next to the snag sticking out of the water and the vacation of the wobbler at 50-70 m end in a dead hook. As a result, you lose an expensive wobbler, and when the cord is broken, you also spoil a promising place, scaring off all the fish. After all, the cord with such a distant alloy is by no means straightforward and can cling to the middle part of some obstacles along the way. Although, frankly, I often release the bait to the limit. After all, I would like to check that there is further down the river, but you can’t come up – a large depth and a strong current.

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Upstream Challenges

I do not recommend beginners to rush to learn fishing upstream. If everything is done meaningfully, and not just toss some kind of bait for the sake of the process itself, then the upstream is very complicated fishing technique. Besides the fact that you need to have some spinning experience and be able to read the river, you need a huge arsenal of lures for the proper implementation of fishing. And different current strength and depth require very sensitive spinning rods with different powers. In addition, it should be borne in mind that with such fishing the percentage of realized bites sharply decreases: the fish have too little time to accurately grab the bait. This is especially true for those cases when the current is fast in the place of fishing, the average depth exceeds 2-2.5 m, and the fish is at the very bottom. Then the fish needs time to first rise one level with the bait, and then attack it.

Often the chub does not rise behind the bait, and to activate it, it is necessary to strike the wire at the very bottom. To do this, a pinwheel of a certain weight with a petal shape suitable for a given place is selected. The winding speed and spinning position above the water are selected such that the rotating lobe periodically touches the bottom. With such posting, passive and inactive fish do not need to leave the occupied deep horizon: the bait is at the eye level of the fish and, you can say, it floats into the mouth itself. For all that, despite the many years of experience of our team and the huge number – thousands – of lures used, upstream was caught only one worthy chub weighing 1700 g, which I mentioned at the very beginning. He stood under the snag right in the center of the river. But his capture can be considered rather an accident than the result of my meaningful actions.

However, during each fishing attempt to catch upstream, powerful bites occur, the blows are so strong that the wire bends on the turntables. It turns out that we in vain injured a decent chub with overly fast wiring. Therefore, we use such fishing only in those places where fishing cannot be otherwise done, and the presence of fish and the level of its activity must be checked.

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Moreover, such fishing is difficult to call upstream in the full sense of the word. The method we use is often called “loop fishing.” Casting is made 30-45 degrees above the fishing point. While the bait, spinner or sinking wobbler is immersed, the required amount of cord is quickly dropped into the water and all the tackle is buried by closing the coil of the coil. The current presses on the cord, causing the bait to go down and across the stream. This technique often allows you to remove most of the small active fish in the zone of posting. In this case, the “down” bait actually passes relatively little, and the main wiring is still carried out across the river, and then at an angle against the current.

When there is a well-visible pit on the river under the other bank, especially under large trees, then it makes sense to throw it exactly against the stream, if another position of the spinning player on this section of the river is impossible. The bait, which can be accurately thrown over a long distance – most often it is a heavy turntable or a small oscillating bait with planning wiring in the fall – is sent to the far edge of the pit. The cord should be raised above the water. The bait, once in a hole, catches the entire thickness of the water in the fall. After that, you can start winding with a reel or immerse part of the cord in water so that the bait works after passing a hole along the entire length.

In fairness, I must say that upstream can still be successfully caught at a time when the water has not completely warmed up and part of the chubs is kept in open areas of the river. For example, in bottom depressions, in snags washed up in the middle of the river, near rifts and plums. Upstream also works during the period of mass flight of some insects. With an increase in water temperature, most of the chubs – and large ones, apparently, generally everything, as direct observations of submariners show – are clogged ashore in shelters, where it is cooler and safer. After that, the efficiency of upstream fishing becomes minimal.