In late August – early September, bream inhabiting reservoirs begins to concentrate in its bulk at a depth of 5-9 m, on the so-called underwater “tables”, where it will spend a long winter under the ice. Consequently, these places should be rich in food: bloodworms, dreisenae, crustaceans, various insect larvae. In addition, the fish prefers primarily feeding edges, located where there is an influx of fresh water due to rivers and streams flowing into the reservoir. Of course, all this must be taken into account when choosing a fishing spot. At the same time, some fishermen, finding themselves in an unfamiliar reservoir at the beginning of autumn and having heard enough stories about fabulous catches, rush to lower the bait and start fishing. We will disappoint them immediately.
A suitable depth under the boat does not mean that this is the place where the fish are parked. Bream in one or another reservoir is chosen by not so many areas for its permanent residence. And there are reasons for that. So, for example, in reservoirs that are part of the water supply system of large cities, the behavior of bream flocks largely depends on the planned salvo water discharges. I must say that this is a “cavalry”, the cheapest way to solve the problem of cleaning water bodies from bottom pollution.
But only at first glance – the powerful movement of water masses during a salvo discharge of water does not rid reservoirs of pollutants and objects, but only moves them from place to place. At the same time, the biologically active layer of the bottom soil is eroded, the food supply, concentrated mainly in the surface layer of silt, is destroyed. Therefore, if you know that there was a salvo discharge of water on this bream reservoir, be prepared for the fact that previously catchy, familiar places may turn out to be unproductive. Having at hand even the simplest echo sounder, you will eventually be able to find the most numerous bream sites.
Installing the boat
Plastic, metal and rubber boats are the least suitable for catching cautious fish such as bream. Unfortunately, at the fishing bases near Moscow, the bream is less and less likely to be offered a solid wooden boat equipped with cargo. But, let’s say that you are still lucky with the craft and now the question arises: how can this “vessel” be correctly anchored in the place of fishing? Old tracks from a caterpillar tractor, according to many anglers, are the most suitable loads. The installation of the boat is carried out, as a rule, in two versions.
1. When fishing from the board in a plumb line. The boat is installed across the curb in a stretch at a depth of 6-8 m so that one anchor is lower along the slope of the curb, and the other is higher. In this case, weights and anchor ropes do not alert the bream flock, which usually approaches the bait along the edge.
2. When fishing with float gear for long casting. A distance of 10-15 m from the side of the boat to the lure place is quite enough so as not to alert the approaching flock of bream. The boat is installed parallel to the curb. In this case, it is not necessary to stretch. A small foam displacer must be installed before moving into the feeding area. The sinker is selected to it so that the wind or current does not carry the buoy to the side and does not flood it. For this purpose, the buoy line is not fixed tightly, but with some slack.
How to feed?
The main feature of feeding is that by the end of August, bream begins to give preference to food of animal origin. In all likelihood, this can be explained by a simple reason – the fish instinctively feels the need for more nutritious food before the autumn cold snap. By this time, the bream living in the reservoirs huddled in large flocks, each feeding according to its own “schedule”. The hours of their emergence on the margins largely depend on the activity of food objects, as well as on weather, hydrological and other conditions. If, for example, the air temperature drops sharply at night, do not rush to the reservoir early in the morning. Having fed the place, you can not see a single bream bite until 11-12 pm. Takes only a trifle, like ruffs or 50-gram sousters. And then suddenly a flock of bream comes up, disperses the undersized, and the fishing goes at such a pace that literally in a couple of hours your cage is already filled with fish and you have to remember the set catch rate.
If in the summer I quite often use a bait consisting only of components of plant origin, then for autumn bream it must contain a dose of animal feed. Usually, the basis of my bait is a dry bream mixture, which, after being wetted with water, I mix with fodder bloodworms, maggots or chopped earthworms (preferably dung). Closer to autumn, when the water gets colder, the percentage of animal feed should be higher – sometimes at least 1/3 of the total. Of the special bream, as practice shows, the most effective are mixtures produced by some German firms. If for some reason it was not possible to stock up on such a mixture, both carp and roach baits are suitable. Among domestic bream, “Unicorm” is quite attractive in combination with ground fresh cake, steamed millet and bread crumbs.
At a noticeable current and a depth of 6-7 m and more, clay or sand should be added to the feed, or bottom rigs with “pencil case” type feeders and Feeder type rods should be used. When twitching, the feeders roll along the bottom, leaving behind a strip of turbidity and washed out feed. However, given the fact that in reservoirs, especially those near Moscow, bream has to be caught, as a rule, in places with very weak currents or in stagnant water, it is often not necessary to have weighting components in the bait. The main thing is that the lump does not break immediately after splashdown, but crumbles when it reaches the bottom. When fishing with side rods in a plumb line, the task of feeding is greatly simplified – you can use a regular feeder for fishing from ice. It is better to open it a meter from the bottom, and in the absence of a current – 1.5 m or even higher. The feeder should be lowered slowly, avoiding too sudden movements and jerks when opening it.
Bream has well-developed sensory organs, among which the sense of smell plays a decisive role in the search for food. Even in a weak current, a bream flock can smell an appetizing smell from bait several tens of meters away. But do not forget that the aromatic substances are quickly washed out – especially during the current, therefore, periodically, depending on the intensity of the bite, fresh portions of feed must be delivered to the bottom.
I should note that according to the experience of catching bream from a boat, the most worthy trophies go to those anglers who are able to make accurate casts with a match rod to the place of feeding. Moreover, it is necessary to throw at a not very long distance. In order to prevent the rig from overlapping the line of the buoy when casting and playing fish, I throw the bait usually 1.5 m to the left or right of the buoy. This allows you to avoid unpleasant situations when the “main landmark” has to be pulled out on the hook and then do without it.
When fishing with an onboard rod equipped with a nod and a jig, there are fewer problems. And they boil down mainly to the fact that, taking into account the activity of the bream and its predilections, it is necessary to quickly select the necessary bait and find the optimal style of playing with a jig. I mean, first of all, the rate of movement and the amplitude of the bait oscillations. Sometimes good results, for example, give pauses during which the bait lies on the bottom. In such cases, a mono-line is used with a diameter of 0.12-0.13 mm, the weight and size of the jig are selected empirically. The most popular nozzles: bloodworms, maggot, small dung worms. Some of the delicacy of the gear can be easily explained. With the exception of water bodies rarely visited by fishermen, large bream is extremely rarely suitable for bait located directly under the boat. Usually it is necessary to be content with scourges weighing up to 0.5 kg, which behave less carefully.
It’s another matter when the fishing spot is located at a distance from the boat. In this case, you can always count on the approach of large specimens. Accordingly, the tackle needs a stronger one: a fishing line with a diameter of 0.17-0.20 mm, a leash – 0.150.16 mm, a sliding float and a set of shot weights that allow you to quickly deliver the bait to the bottom. As baits, I usually use worms, a brush of large bloodworms, 5-6 maggots, or homemade boilies flavored with attractants such as Anise, Vanillin or Tutti-Frutti. In some reservoirs, large bream are very fond of the crust of white bread soaked in unrefined sunflower oil, preferring it to all other baits.
Fishing from a boat requires the angler to pay special attention to his own safety. With a wind of more than six points on a large open water body, which is the majority of our reservoirs, it is naturally impossible to go fishing. If a strong wind occurs during the fishing process, it is most reasonable to remove from the anchors and stick to the shore. Even if you are wearing a life jacket while in the boat, you should not make sudden movements, stand up to your full height while playing fish and especially carefully lower it into the water and take out the load so as not to be overboard.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)