Often this fish is confused with the scavenger. At first glance, they are really very similar, but if you look closely, it is not difficult to notice the characteristic features of the hustler. First of all, it has a flatter body, for which anglers sometimes call it “plywood”. In the dorsal fin, it has fewer rays, the scales are larger, the color is silvery. Unpaired fins are gray (like a bream), pectoral and ventral are reddish. Hustlers have a relatively small, low-lower mouth, a blunt nose, eyes are large, silvery (in a bream with a slight orange tint). Among the hybrids there are hybrids. Compared to other cyprinids, the bream grows slowly. However, its size and fatness largely depend on the food supply of the reservoir. As a rule, individuals with a length of up to 35 cm and a weight of 400 g are found, but in a feed rich in ponds, a bream reaches a weight of up to 1 kg or more. Leads mainly a flocking lifestyle.
It feeds on both plant and animal organisms. In its diet, young shoots of aquatic plants, insect larvae, mollusks. In the Volga reservoirs, the favorite delicacy of the Gustera is the mollusk of Dreisen. There are periods, especially in late autumn, when she feeds only on fry. Gustera prefers places with a quiet course, bays, calm reaches; in large lakes and reservoirs, deep holes with a clay or muddy bottom are chosen. The presence of a hustler can be detected by garlands of air bubbles rising to the surface. In mid-August ponds, starting in mid-August, the bream gathers in large flocks that are kept at a depth of 5 to 9 m. But sometimes on quiet, warm nights it rises to the upper layers of the water and tumbles for a long time in the moonlight.
In the summer, with an abundance of food, the bream takes the bait reluctantly. Another thing is autumn, when it moves closer to the wintering pits. At this time, the bream is actively fed and the bite is activated. In the fall, bloodworms are very effective, but anglers and maggot, dung worms, caddis flies use it. Gusta has a small mouth, so the nozzles must be chosen smaller. In September – October, it is best to catch a winter or side fishing rod equipped with a nod and mormyshka from a boat. The bite of a hustler has a characteristic feature: taking a nozzle in her mouth, she kind of knocks on the fishing line. After several sharp and frequent tilts, a nod rises up or bends down – the most suitable moment for a cut.
If long casts are required, a match fishing rod with a length of 3.5-4 m is used, equipped with an inertia-free reel and a monopole diameter of 0.13-0.15 mm. The leash is placed 0.10 mm thinner than the main fishing line, hook No. 15-11 (according to international classification) with a short forend and a high hook. The float is better to use a sliding match, with adjustable load capacity. For such floats in the lower part, a loading washer can be removed or added, thereby increasing or decreasing the load capacity depending on the fishing conditions. At the end of the main fishing line, in front of the leash, I usually put a small sinker-olive, which quite quickly delivers the bait to the bottom.
In late autumn, when the water is more transparent than in summer, the float tackle must be delicate and inconspicuous. At this time, the bream is mainly caught from the boat, at depths of 5-7 m. When biting on the bait of the float rod, the booster first yanks, and then slightly drowns or raises the float. On such reservoirs near Moscow as Istra, Mozhaisk, Ruzskoe and some others, the current is either weak or absent. Flocks of husters here are fond of deep pits with a clay or silty bottom. In most cases, in the reservoirs near Moscow, the bream can be caught both on a float rod and a nod. The fishing rod is equipped according to the principle of a bream: the float is loaded in such a way that the sinker draws it to the bottom as slowly as possible. Often I achieved good results when I put a short leash with a hook above the sinker (about 10-15 cm). As we already said, the bream has a half-low mouth, so its bite does not always look like a bream. She can take the bait from the bottom, and in the fall. When biting, it first pulls, and then slightly submerges or raises the float.
When fishing for a nodding tackle, one should not get carried away by the large size of mormysheks. The smaller the bait, the more often bites and more effective hooking. At the same time, do not forget that it is easier for the hustler to catch by wiring from top to bottom, and not vice versa. To this end, lowering the bait to the bottom, I raise it by about a meter and start the game. The frequency of oscillation of the bait depends on the activity of the fish, but usually it is smooth swaying with an amplitude of 5-10 cm. Having reached the bottom, in the absence of bite, I repeat the wiring. After several unsuccessful “walkers,” I recommend checking out other water horizons. Sometimes a gustera perfectly takes in half the water. I use the same attachments as when fishing for bream.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)