In the fishing literature, especially in periodicals, one can find a variety of points of view on gear and on their equipment. I want to agree with some opinions, argue with others, but there are also those after which I want to write an answer so that the fishermen do not perceive them as a guide to action and do not get a lot of unnecessary problems as a result. An article by Alexander Kiselyov, “Feeder: wicker or mono?”, Refers to the number of those that need to be answered. The author’s words in bold rushed in the article: “It is believed that the shock leader helps to avoid the shooting of equipment or large fish gatherings. In fact, it is unnecessary and even worsening the effectiveness of fishing reinsurance. " After that I read the entire text very carefully. Controversial provisions were found in almost every paragraph.
The article begins with the question: “which diameter to choose and which fishing line (meaning braided or monophilic) will work better under certain conditions?” This formulation of the question was a little puzzling. In general, fishing line is usually chosen according to the breaking load in accordance with the estimated size of the fish and the need to cast equipment of a certain weight. The choice of fishing line also depends on the fishing conditions: the presence or absence of a current, bottom topography, range of casting equipment. However, the author of the article notes that "both wicker and monophilic woods have advantages and disadvantages."
Then very controversial statements begin. For example: “It’s better to save a little on the rod or reel than on buying a quality fishing line.” My opinion is completely different: there is no point in saving on a rod. If only because the quality of the access rings is of fundamental importance. The fact is that feeder rods are equipped with minimum-size access rings, while casting it is necessary not to light float, but heavy feeders, so the fishing line passes through the rings with great effort, heavily loading the rings themselves. And the safety of fishing line, monophilic or wicker – it does not matter, depends on the quality of the rings. Moreover, the use of braids definitely requires rings with an insert made of silicon carbide SiC – a rod with such rings cannot be cheap.
Of particular importance is the quality of the rings when fishing on relatively thin fishing lines. Now good monophiles with a diameter of 0.18-0.2 mm have a breaking load of 5 kg. However, the appearance of scuffs and even more burrs from poor-quality rings leads to a decrease in the strength of such fishing line by a third, or even more. Therefore, it is very difficult to accept the offer to save on the rod. But sometimes it’s really possible to save on a reel. True, in various conditions we use either mono or cord, therefore, at least one spool for the braid should be metal or at least with a metal side. The fact is that the wicker is gaining abrasive in the water, quickly damaging the plastic rim, which, unlike metal, is almost impossible to polish.
It is simply impossible to agree with the following provision of the article: “the life of most braids is on average shorter (than monophilic).” This, of course, is not so. Conventional monophilic fishing lines do not tolerate high temperatures and ultraviolet radiation: they become cloudy, lose their elasticity and strength. Therefore, experienced anglers try to catch these lines, especially thin ones, for more than one season. But braided cords made of high modulus polyethylene practically do not age. Probably, the author knows this, because he says that the braid’s short century is associated with “loss of strength and loosening, especially in the working area”. Under the working area, apparently, it means the area that, when casting, falls on a tulip, and also the one located directly at the feeder and most damaged on the bottom. However, the wear of the most loaded area during casting depends not only on the quality of the tulip inserts and access rings, but also on one important point.
Many anglers, purchasing a feeder, and other rods, do not pay attention to the cleanliness of the inserts. Meanwhile, when installing the rings and the subsequent protective coating of the winding on the inner surface of the inserts, often smudges of epoxy and varnish remain. This is especially common on feeder rods equipped with small rings. Sometimes even on the most expensive feeders, the rings are completely filled with epoxy. Therefore, the equipment of the rod must begin with a thorough inspection and cleaning of the rings. It’s best to check all the inserts under the magnifying glass. From SiC inserts, smudges can be cut with a razor or scalpel, since the hardness of the insert material is higher than steel. If you do not clean the rings, then at the first casting and winding, smudges will leave scuffs and scuffs on the fishing line, both mono and braided, and as a result, the damaged area will have to be discarded.
We read further: "as a rule, after several fishing trips, the work area is five meters, and often more, any fishing line must be removed to avoid cliffs." Everything seems to be correct, spinning agents often do just that, but in feeder fishing they usually use the same shock leader that the author considers unnecessary and even harmful. The length of the shock leader is usually two rod lengths. Say, if the main fishing line is a monofilament with a diameter of 0.2 mm with a breaking load of about 5 kg, then the shock leader is made of a special fishing line of increased stiffness and hardness, with a breaking load of 10-15 kg.
What gives a shock leader? Let's say we catch on a carp pond. For this, by the way, special carp gears are not necessary at all – an ordinary feeder is quite suitable. They can be thrown far away, and fish of any size can be pulled out, and most importantly, caught without using any signaling devices, but simply looking at the tip of the rod. But back to the pond. Carp is fed with feed, scattering it from boats about a hundred meters from the coast. It is clear that the fish most often keeps there – therefore, the tackle must be thrown precisely at this distance. If you put the main fishing line 0.3 mm, then the friction in the small rings will be too large and far casting is not achieved. So, we put the fishing line thinner, 0.2 mm, and softer. To throw at 100 m, you need a load of 80 grams. But with a fishing line with a diameter of 0.2 mm with such a load you can not avoid shooting the equipment. The only way out is to use a shock leader. This is one of his appointments.
In this role, the shock leader is necessary not only on carp forests, but also when fishing on the rivers. For example, on the Oka River with its strong current, it is necessary to use heavy equipment in combination with a rather thin braided line. However, with a feeder weight of 100 g and a cord diameter of 0.12 mm, constant shooting is guaranteed. The way out is to put a shock leader. If fishing is not on a shell rock, but on a sandy or clay bottom, then it is better to make it from a braid, the diameter and, therefore, the windage is much less than that of a mono of the same strength. With long casts, such plus braids as inextensibility is manifested. It better conveys the bite, and you don’t have to hook it all up, which you sometimes have to do with a tensile monophile.
Another destination of the shock leader is fishing in places with a hard or shell bottom. In this case, for a shock leader it is better to use a special monofile, hard enough and thick, with increased abrasion resistance. In the absence of a shock leader, the end meters of five fishing lines can become unusable on the first fishing trip. A. Kiselyov’s statements about feeder fishing line also contain a lot of “interesting things”. In particular, "both braided and monofil fishing lines for feeder fishing must be sinking." Sorry, but this is nonsense. Sinking fishing line was originally created for fishing with a match fishing rod, that is, with long casting, in still water and in windy weather. And it’s clear why. A float can have a load capacity of only three grams, and you have to throw it far, therefore a thin fishing line is required, which drowns poorly due to the action of surface tension of water. But the line of the fishing line from the tulip to the float must be drowned, otherwise the lateral wind will pull the floating line with a loop, and the float will leave the feeding zone.
Therefore, a sinking fishing line is needed. In feeder fishing, everything is different, since the equipment includes a heavy feeder. After casting, she is allowed to lie down, put the feeder on the racks and wind up the fishing line, loading the tip. It is clear that any fishing line will drown under load, and a special sinking line is simply not needed, especially since it costs more than usual. The following interesting point: “In monophilic feeder lines, the stiffness is very high, due to which they, as a rule, have a minimum tensile coefficient, which increases the sensitivity of the gear as a whole.” In general, this is so, but even in dry form, monophiles are still much more extensible than braids. And in the water, the monophile swells, and its extensibility becomes even higher.
We go further: “In addition, a rigid fishing line (monophilic) has practically no“ memory ”and therefore, without any problems, wraps itself and flies off the reel spool, twists and deforms less” In fact, it’s quite the opposite. Soft fishing lines marked “Extra Soft” do not have a memory, and hard “Extra Strong” lines come off the spools with an elastic spiral. And the harder the fishing line, the longer this spiral lasts. Therefore, the use of hard fishing line always shortens the casting compared to soft, which runs along the rings with less friction. In general, the twisting of the line is more dependent on the correctness of its winding on the reel. If you wind a line from a spinning reel onto a spool of an inertia-free reel, then twisting will appear before the first fishing. When winding on a reel, the reel with fishing line must lie, so that the fishing line goes counterclockwise. With any other winding on the spool, the line is initially twisted.
The next part of the article is dedicated to the shock leader. The main idea is that it is not only not needed, but also reduces the effectiveness of fishing. Without repeating what has been said about the shock leader above, I will focus only on comparing the feeder with the spinning rod. A. Kiselev claims that the shock leader reduces the sensitivity of spinning gear and casting distance, which is why “experienced spinningists” do not use it. It is difficult to agree with this, since they are nevertheless used. For example, in the national bass team of our country, which won the world championship this year, the fluorocarbon leash in front of the bait is an almost mandatory element tooling. And a lot of spinning rods catch with various monophile outlets of length up to 1.5 m. When using a braid as the main fishing line, such a leash does not affect the sensitivity of the tackle at all. Considering that the braid wears out more on pebbles and shells than monoleska, spinningists often put a meter piece of rigid monoleska 0.3-0.35 mm in diameter in front of a jig bait. This is a shock leader in the full sense of the word. It is a way to protect the cord from damage and breakage of the bait on bottom obstacles, in particular, on the brow with a shell rock.
When reading the article, other questions arise to the author. Feeder tackle, and indeed fishing, have many different subtleties that you need to know. Some comprehend them from their own experience, others from fishing books and periodicals. Both approaches have a right to exist, but a critical attitude to the experience of others is always necessary.
author Vladimir ZAMYSHLYAEV
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