The fishing rod. For some time now, import fishing rods of very high quality began to arrive on the Russian fishing equipment market. In particular, Finnish Teno fishing rods are quite professionally made for sheer gleaming. They have a convenient handle made of cork or finely porous rubber, a reel equipped with a holding brake, a removable durable whip, on the tip of which a miniature tulip with a ceramic insert for skipping fishing line is fixed. The only negative is that in addition to such a fishing rod there is no spare, more rigid whip. The regular one is clearly designed for catching perch, when soft hooking is required.
Therefore, when acquiring a Finnish fishing rod, make a whip yourself – hard enough to pierce the toothy mouth of a pike with one sweep. The best materials for it today are considered to be vinyl plastic and polycarbonate. The whip can be longer or shorter depending on what position you shine from: standing, from a fishing box or knee. How many fishing rods you need to have and how to equip them – the fisherman decides, taking into account local conditions and the size of the intended catch.
When fishing for light spinners, for example, an elastic nod is appropriate, which ensures the naturalness of the bait game and gives it additional vibrations at the time of a pause after the next swing. I have been convinced many times that even slight trembling and slight swaying of the baubles in the final phase of wiring contribute to an increase in pike grip. In addition, a nod perfectly records weak bites, reminiscent of hurting branches. If you catch on heavy enough bait, you can do without a nod. A sharp bite is significantly transmitted through the fishing rod to the hand, and a weak one is clearly visible by shifting the fishing line to the side. In my opinion, combination nods, as well as those made of a polycarbonate plate, are the most optimal for nesting.
Most commercially available nods for spinning require replacement and refinement of the coupling, which should be of a minimum size, sufficiently tightly attached to the apex, without much effort being removed and put on. In addition, it should provide free passage of fishing line. For this purpose, a cambric is inserted into the lower part of the coupling, and then it is fixed with two pieces of a plastic tube.
Fishing line. Colorless monofilament should be recognized as the most universal for winter shimmer. But in some cases, the best results are obtained by using lines of gray, blue, tobacco, green and other colors. In all likelihood, this is due to both the color of the water and the degree of its illumination depending on the depth of fishing, time of day, as well as the presence of algae, snag, etc. When fishing in small ponds, where pike bites weighing more than 1.5-2 kg are practically excluded, monofilament with a diameter of 0.21-0.22 mm is quite suitable. A fishing line with a diameter of 0.3 mm is enough to cope with a semi-pike pike, which, you see, is not such an ordinary phenomenon today. But what should be the supply of fishing line on the reel or reel of the fishing rod? I think that a reserve of 30-50 m is enough.
Soft lightweight monofilament is best suited for lightweight spinners, and for fishing lures weighing more than 10 g, the rigidity of the fishing line is not critical. In recent years, ice-flashers who use multi-fiber fishing lines such as Fireline, Fusion can be found on ice. The general opinion is that braids, having a smaller diameter and greater strength than monofilament, allow the lure to be wired at a new, better level. However, at minus temperatures, ice freezes on them, upon removal of which the cord begins to pile. In any case, the fishing line should end with a soft stranded steel leash 20-30 cm long.
Vertical Lure Fishing
Winter lures for plumbing can be conditionally divided into vertical and horizontal. The former usually include metal spinners with a center of gravity biased towards the bottom. The second – balancers. I think it’s more rational to catch pike, especially in strong places, precisely on spinners, since the balancer, which goes to the side, with a dead hook, is almost impossible to release using a hook. So, let's start in order. From the whole variety of spinners, you need to choose five or six types that are most suitable for the ponds that you most often have to visit. However, the conditions of winter shimmer have little to do with experiments when snow blows on the ice or either snow or rain pours from the sky.
As a rule, the most catchy winter baubles in their appearance least resemble fry. And many experienced pike hunters achieve the best results using lures that are radically different from traditional ones. The solution, apparently, lies in the fact that two factors play a role here mainly:
1. The predator perceives the microwaves coming from the fish’s movements with a side line, and, therefore, even before the start of the attack, he perfectly feels what kind of food object is within its reach. I mean that during movement and hovering in the water column, such fish as ruff, perch, gudgeon or roach, spread around them unequal microwaves. It depends both on the playfulness of the fish, and on the shape of its body (wide, narrow), fins, etc.
2. The visual perception by the predator of the color of the bait, similar to the color of a particular fodder fish. It is known that pike can see well at a considerable distance. Of course, under ice, the lighting conditions are different. This must be considered when choosing the color of the baubles and the elements of its equipment.
Often lure, catchy, for example, when fishing on the current, does not give such an effect when flashing in stagnant water. Light spinners are preferable when fishing in shallow places, heavy ones – in depth. With good biting, catching bait is easy to determine. A predatory fish grabs it on the move. Sometimes the same at first glance winter baubles give completely different results. Adjustment of shallow spinners is best done in the summer from the side of the boat or bridges at a depth of about a meter. Water should be transparent, and the bottom should be light (sandy). At worst, this can be done in a bath of water. Options for deviations in the game are spinners and ways to eliminate them can be as follows.
The spinner at the moment of free fall enters into a tailspin, that is, it falls almost vertically. This means that her center of gravity is shifted to the front. The disadvantage is easily corrected by increasing the longitudinal bend of the bait and removing part of the solder. The spinner's center of gravity is in the middle. After a swing, the bait sinks flat to the bottom. A certain amount of solder in the tail should be removed and the longitudinal bend should be reduced. The spinner, which does not have solder, falls randomly. The disadvantage is eliminated by changing the longitudinal and transverse bends. Sometimes it is enough to bend the tail part in the opposite direction. It is more difficult to fine-tune deep-sea lures, which can perfectly “work” during tests at a depth of up to a meter and give opposite results when playing at depths of 5-6 and more meters. Such spinners are usually checked only empirically.
Pike spinners can be equipped with single, double hooks and tees. Their quality should be very high. As a rule, these are forged hooks, moderately hardened, with an extremely sharp sting. Sometimes in the middle of the petal, the spinners solder an additional hook, which is appropriate, since the pike often grabs the spinner not in the head, but in the middle. In my opinion, the option with a hanging hook is preferable. Disguised with red hairs or cambric, such a hook after stopping the spinner continues to fluctuate weakly, provoking a predator to its grip. With a weak bite, replacing white fish peel, a red strip of an inflatable baby ball, a twister's tail, etc. can give very good results. Within reasonable limits, materials for equipping winter bauble hooks can be very different. The main thing is that not the fisherman likes this, but the pike.
The spinners, which I use most often when fishing at a depth of up to 2 m, are as follows. The first of them consists of a thin strip (phosphor bronze) with a layer of solder, the center of gravity of which is shifted to the lower part. The spinner is equipped with winding rings and a tee No. 5-8, decorated with red or orange wool. The second spinner is made of a brass plate 1-1.5 mm thick, the solder layer occupies the lower half of the spinner, with the center of gravity at the bottom. The spinner is painted red inside and is equipped with a soldered single hook. The third spinner is made of red copper plate and equipped with a tee, which is attached by means of a “blind” ring.
When fishing in shallow water in sunny weather, it is preferable that the bait is not shiny, but matte. The length of pike spinners is 40-80 mm. In the middle of winter and before the ice breaks up, small baits are more effective, on the first ice – larger ones. Of the deep-sea ones, in my opinion, the spinners made of two plates (for example, phosphor bronze and stainless steel), connected by solder and carefully sanded, are the most effective. Practice shows that the lure's catchability depends not only on its shape and color, but also on the skillful use of various nozzles, wool, cambric, etc. The general rule in this case is that the nozzles should not impair the play of the spinners.
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