Fishing in summer
In summer, the frequent presence of sabrefish in the upper layers of water can probably be explained not only by the presence of food (in particular, by the massive emergence of insects), but also by such a natural phenomenon as temperature stratification of water. It is well known that with a sharp change in temperature, fish die, with a gradual change – they feel discomfort and try not to fall below the “threshold” layer of water. Temperature stratification of water (stratification) can occur in those parts of reservoirs or lakes where there is no current. This usually happens when it is hot and there is no wind for several days. In this case, mixing of water does not occur, and heating of the deep layers is greatly slowed down. Riding fish, and bottom ones too, in such a situation rise to the surface, since below the oxygen content decreases sharply.
Chekhon, which lives in vast reservoirs, avoids weak-flowing areas during the hot period, going to where there is a rather strong current or fresh water flowing into the reservoir of rivers and streams flowing into the reservoir. With the massive emergence of insects in sabrefish, as, indeed, in many other cyprinids, horseback hunting begins. She fattens especially actively on the days of mayfly flight, when it is almost impossible to catch it with other baits. It is generally accepted that at the height of summer, the biting of sabrefish weakens. Is it so? Most likely, she eats at this time in a select way and with an abundance of insects and their larvae, it is saturated much faster than in other fishing seasons.
Fishing in autumn
With the appearance of the first signs of autumn, the biting of sabrefish increases again. If in the summer it is most active mainly in the early morning or evening hours, then with the cooling of the upper layers of the water, its schools more and more often begin to pursue accumulations of fry that have grown over the summer. Moreover, the biting of sabrefish is not limited to daylight hours, continuing at dusk and at night. During this period, on large and medium-sized rivers, the location of the sabrefish beating the fry near the surface of the water can be easily identified by the accumulation of gulls, which more often than usual “dive” after wounded fry.
A fattening flock of sabrefish, usually consisting of fish of the same age, does not stay in one place for a long time, being constantly in motion. But then you notice that the water starts to “boil” off to the side again from the splashes – this sabrefish discovered a new accumulation of fish fines. As a rule, the places where sabrefish hunt are located far from the coast, and it is not easy to find schools of fat-eating fish without a boat and binoculars. However, on small channels of the Lower Volga, even during this period, you can find sabrefish not far from the coast, especially where the main channel forms calm and deep reaches.
Chekhon is not such a simple fish as it might seem at first. Fishermen, who are specially engaged in her fishing, know very well that any method of fishing primarily depends on the location of this fish. And also on the correct choice of tackle and fishing method in each case.
Bottom fishing rod with quivertip
This tackle is especially effective in early spring and late autumn, when flocks of sabrefish feed more often at the bottom than in the upper layers of the water. At the heart of the tackle is a rod, usually 2.5-3 m long (sometimes up to 4 m), made of “glass”, composite or “coal”. The latter are, of course, the most expensive. In comparison with a spinning rod, instead of a tulip, such a rod uses removable tips of various rigidity – quivertips. When fishing for sabrefish, the leash is attached slightly higher than in equipment for traditionally bottom fish – usually 0.5-1 m from the end lead. It is even better to put 2-3 leads, the distance between which is at least 3040 cm. After casting, the rod is placed on two supports, parallel to the surface of the water, forming an approximately right angle with the fishing line. But you can hold the rod in your hands. In this case, by raising its tip, you will be able to examine different layers of water.
Worm, maggot, fry, cutting, various “sandwiches” are used as attachments. The main condition is that the nozzle should hold well on the hook. For quivertip fishing, open and closed plastic troughs are very easy to handle. They allow you to economically use bait and perfectly attract flocks of sabrefish, especially in moderate currents. However, it is difficult to catch with such a tackle in a strong current. Usually above the trough, I tie two leashes: one half a meter from it, and the other slightly higher. Through the holes in the closed feeder, the plant components of the bait are washed out by the current, and the small maggots or fodder bloodworms gradually crawl out. Open feeders are less economical.
In the absence of modern bottom gear, some fishermen, like half a century ago, still catch sabrefish, especially at twilight, the so-called “half-bottom”. Although it would be more accurate to call this tackle a donkey with a float signaling device. Instead of traditional bells and “plumb lines”, it uses a float fixed to the line at a distance of 0.5-1 m from the tip of the fly rod. The bite is determined by the pull of the float or its sag in the opposite direction. But usually, with a sharp grip, the fish self-chops. You can catch sabrefish from the bottom and half-water, and even at the surface on a bottom with a rubber shock absorber, accordingly modernizing it for specific fishing conditions. But this is fishing for the very lazy.
author: V.A. Kazantsev “Fishing in open water”