Area Goldfish: reservoirs of the European part of Russia, as well as partially Asian (river basins of the Ob, Yenisei, Lena). Silver crucian: ponds of the European part, Siberia and the Far East. Gold and silver crucian carp are two completely different fish. Many anglers do not attach importance to the differences between them. And completely in vain. Once in the middle of May, 45 km from Moscow, at the bus stop, I met a familiar crucian. As it turned out from the conversation, he was fishing at the quarry, half a kilometer from the lake, to which I preferred that day.
– So how is it? he asked, referring to the biting of crucian carp.
“Bad,” I answered. – For the whole day not a single bite. I had to be content with rattan … And you?
In response, he untied his backpack, and I saw a plastic bucket, almost to the top filled with silver carp. It was strange that we used practically the same nozzles and bait. I could explain my “puncture” with banal bad luck, but other fishermen didn’t bite on the pond where I caught. I remember that case was extremely intriguing to me. But then, on that May day, when the bird cherry blossomed with might and main, I never realized that the whole secret was probably that only “goldfish” lived in “my” lake, which wakes up much later.
A significant difference between the two species is already found in appearance. Goldfish has a higher, rounded body, its back is thicker, usually dark brown with a greenish tint, the sides are dark golden, sometimes even with a copper-red tint. The fins are dark red, the scales are smooth. Under favorable conditions, goldfish can reach the weight of three or more kilograms. Silver crucian carp, as a rule, is more expensive than gold. His back is flattened from the sides, rough scales. The sides are sometimes not silver, but blackish. The fins are bright. Despite the fact that it grows faster than gold, it rarely reaches a weight of more than one and a half kilograms. Even more differences are associated with the lifestyle, with the “manners” of crucian carp.
AMONG LABELS AND TINA
It has long been, in their native Siberian places. I am sitting on the lake, under the old willow. A light warm breeze drives ripples across the water, and the floats of my fishing rods barely noticeably sway among the tops of the rdest. Peace and quiet. Somewhere nearby, in the bay, a caring mallard screams, calling ducklings scattered across the reeds. An hour ago, approaching the lake in the fog, I frightened off the entire brood. And now the fog has cleared, the sun has already risen above the serrated edge of the pine forest and warms, beaming the body. I lay down on the grass and immediately fall into a boyish sound sleep. I dream of underwater thickets, and among them – gold-faced fish. When I wake up, large carp are sitting on both rods. They completely messed up the fishing lines, and I hardly pull out one first, and then the other … So my acquaintance with goldfish began.
He lives mainly in muddy lakes, preferring coastal areas densely overgrown with aquatic plants, especially nest. It is also found in ponds and quarries. Unlike silver, it does not make any significant migrations even in large lakes. At the same time, its caviar, which has an adhesive shell, is able to adhere to the feathers of waterfowl and is thus transported from one reservoir to another. This explains the unexpected appearance of a “homebody” in bodies of water in which he had not previously lived. Over the years, I kept diary entries, trying not to miss a single trifle of everything that concerned the differences between the two species of crucian carp. And that’s what came out of them.
In the spring, after opening the ponds, silver crucian is the first to take, and it is medium-sized and most often in shallow water. Measuring the temperature of water in one of the ponds near Moscow, where I usually start to catch crucian carp, I came to the conclusion that the first, weak bite falls on the period when the water warms up to 8-10 degrees. Goldfish adapt to seasonal changes more slowly. According to my data, it begins to show activity at a water temperature of 12-14 degrees. At this time, he approaches the shores, straying into pre-spawning schools. Caviar throws in several steps. In some lakes I came across caviar females even at the end of June. Therefore, the opinion that carp is not taken during spawning should be taken, apparently, philosophically. In any water body in May and June, if desired, you can find a spawning spawning or just preparing for spawning.
In the summer, goldfish is most often found in strong places. In addition, he is a big lover of duckweed and mud. Here he feels completely safe, can easily find his own food. Therefore, his fishing is fraught with certain difficulties – it is necessary to prepare artificial “windows” ahead of time. As a rule, they are caught on float fishing rods from a depth of 1-1.5 m. Sometimes, especially in the thickets of water lilies and egg caps, goldfish rises to the upper layers of the water and to the surface, eating various larvae, mollusks or their eggs found on these plants . It is often noticeable that wide leaves startle, and a loud smack is heard. It is practically impossible to catch with a float here – there will be solid hooks, but with a fishing rod equipped with a nod and mormyshka, in these conditions one can succeed.
Nozzles for golden crucian carp are preferable to vegetable ones: dough, semolina porridge, Hercules flakes, crushed bread, etc. The dough made from wheat flour or semolina is preferably tinted with food colors. Several years ago, I borrowed this idea from the German magazine Blinker. True, it was about carp bait – colored boilies. My very first experiments gave encouraging results. I hooked the usual dough on the hook of one fishing rod, and dyed on the other. The odorous additive was the same (sunflower, hemp, or anise oil). It turned out that on some days, especially in bright sunlight, the catch for baits painted in red or pale yellow was about twice as much. But sometimes when fishing among aquatic thickets, the natural color of the dough is preferable.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)