Goldfish is less thermophilic and therefore widespread: from water bodies in the European part of the country to the Far East, including the lakes of Primorye and Sakhalin. In addition to lakes, ponds and quarries, it is often found in slowly flowing rivers, river bays, oxbows, and also in reservoirs. It has long been noticed that in some water bodies only one female goldfish lives. During the spawning period, they mix with other carp fish (carp, carp, tench, goldfish, etc.), and their eggs begin to develop from contact with “foreign” milk. In May, the spawning season begins for carp. Silver spawns first. At dawn, it approaches last year’s coastal vegetation and is quite noisy.
In the middle zone, from about mid-May to the end of June, its bite is quite good, but in July it weakens. Apparently, this is due to the “blooming” of water and overheating of water bodies. In August, the bite revives again. In September, during the Indian summer, he sometimes takes a whole day. While the goldfish mainly adheres to the coastal zone, the silver carp is deeper – up to three meters. Therefore, a rod for fishing from the shore is required longer – up to five to six meters. The behavior of goldfish in different water bodies is not the same. On the lakes of the Irtysh region, for example, I happened to catch solid “bast shoes” weighing over a kilogram in the middle of a sunny day literally five meters from the shore. But on the reservoirs near Moscow, often visited by fishermen, large goldfish often comes across on float and bottom gear in the morning and evening twilight. Better yet, catch him at night. By the way, it is useful for a fisherman to remember that scientists classify crucian carp as crepuscular and nocturnal fish.
At the beginning of September, with the onset of the first cold matinees, the goldfish goes to the depths, where it is much warmer. At this time, life on the coastal shoals gradually freezes: soft aquatic vegetation settles to the bottom, the water becomes cleaner, yellowed reed stems and leaves rustle dry and doomed in the light wind, and dark brown “plush” cobs appear in the thickets of cattail – “damn sticks “, As they are called in common parlance. Soon, very soon the northern winds will blow, loosening the leaden surface of the water, and long drizzling rains will come. In the meantime, you can still hunt for crucian carp. Once on one of these days, my friend and I arrived at a lake inhabited by goldfish. The sun was already sinking when, after digging up small dung worms near the nearest livestock farm and finding a suitable parking space, we finally unloaded everything we needed for fishing from the trunk.
The night was unusually moonlit and quiet. We installed donks and waited. I chose a place for myself in a small ravine, where a narrow gap began from the coast among thickets of reeds. The time was already approaching midnight, when a bell tinkled melodiously on one of my donoks, followed by a long pull. I strike and feel – there is! The first crucian carp is the size of a palm. Down and Out trouble started! I took it for a “sandwich” (bloodworm with maggot). Then I brought out a few more of the same fish, and the bite stopped.
An hour passes … another – the bells are silent. I could have slept until the morning dawn, but I decided to wait patiently. What if? .. I have different baits on the hooks – I wonder which one the fish would prefer at night? And then a careful bite – the bell only slightly swayed. Just in case, I do a short sweep and I am surprised to find that someone solid has sat down. The fish is going tight. Several times you have to hand over the line a little. But everything ends well. Having flashed a silvery side in the moonlight, a large crucian carp from the landing net goes to the cage. He was tempted by the freshest dung beetle. From time to time I heard fuss on the left, behind the bush bushes. This friend brought out another “bast shoe”. When the edge of the sky in the east barely began to brighten, about a dozen crucians splashed in my cage, and there was still a whole day of fishing with float rods ahead … Usually crucians, especially large ones, are caught with bait, the composition of which is selected taking into account “local requirements”.
Groundbait, designed for a hard bottom, is completely unsuitable for silty. Therefore, determine the nature of the bottom soil before feeding. It is desirable that the bait consists of components of both plant and animal origin. Here I will give only one of the options for the mixture: 40% corn (wheat) bread crumbs, 20% fresh cake (can be replaced with ground toasted sunflower seeds), 20% loose cooked millet, 10% sand, 10% larvae (small maggots, fodder bloodworms ) or chopped worms. The silver carp is no less a gourmet than the gold one. Therefore, when going fishing in spring, summer or autumn, you have to have a “gentleman’s” set of baits. These are bloodworms, maggot, dough, Hercules, crushed bread. True, I noticed that on little-visited water bodies, this crucian often prefers small dung worm to all “delicacies”.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)