We all remember our area, in smoke, in the summer of 2019. Why did this happen? And will this happen again next year? I tried to find an answer to these questions on the Internet. The information received shocked me.
It turns out that the territory of Russia is divided into zones of control. Control zones are areas where natural fires can not be extinguished if the cost of extinguishing exceeds the damage that a fire can cause. "Zones of control" – the name is crafty. It follows from this that someone is controlling something in these territories. In fact, these are specially designated forest zones in which only fire monitoring is carried out, and only space monitoring. As a rule, these territories are either outside the air patrolling zone or at its very border: it makes no sense to spend money on detecting fires from an airplane if they are not extinguished. Control zones are huge areas. 49% of the forest fund lands fall into them, mainly in the northern territories. In the European part – for example, in the Arkhangelsk region – their areas are small. The main territories are in the Siberian and Far Eastern regions. In some cases, the entire area of the region is practically a control zone: almost the whole of Chukotka, a very large part of Yakutia, the Koryak district in the Kamchatka Territory. Almost all tundra, forest-tundra fires fall into the control zone, and no one extinguishes them.
Settlements inevitably fall into the control zone, it can be a very remote village, where only a few thousand people live, where only one forest road leads. Nevertheless, people live there, they conduct some kind of household. If no one extinguishes a fire, it means that it will develop uncontrollably, and if there is a strong wind, there will be very few opportunities to save people.
In the case of the fires of 2019 in Yakutia, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the calculation was most likely that somehow it will manage itself, the rains will go and go out. But, firstly, it’s now more difficult to make any forecasts due to climate change. And secondly, fires themselves can significantly affect the weather. There are studies that say that large fires – starting from not the largest by Siberian standards area of ten to ten kilometers – can affect regional weather, how atmospheric masses will move, or will not rain. That is, the fire itself can create conditions when the weather contributes to the development of the fire.
It turns out that in a large part of Siberia, they not only no longer put out fires, but also do not plan to extinguish it. It is pointless to write appeals, wishes, demands, petitions, etc. to “puppet theaters” with various signs. The stinginess of the oligarchs knows no bounds, and they will not spend money to save us, and even the seized forest wealth.
Friends, fellow countrymen, Siberians, be extremely careful in handling fire in the forest and watch for the unreasonable neighbors surrounding you. Share this information with your friends on social networks, tell them at home, at work. The maximum number of Siberians should know and understand this complexity of the situation. Our safety depends only on us!