A bream, as you know, is a bottom fish, and it would be unreasonable not to use feeder gear to catch it. The bream (scavenger) inhabits both in lakes with practically stagnant water and small rivers with a slow flow, and in large rivers with a flow quite fast. The best periods for fishing for bream in central Russia are the end of April – the beginning of May, as well as the last days of May – the beginning of June. In late April, the flood was already over, but the water was still quite high and muddy, and the bream actively feeds after the winter lifestyle. The second period is associated with the end of a certain time of the bream’s illness after spawning, it takes just one and a half to two weeks, and the bream begins to catch up with “lost” and return to its previous form.
At the same time, it is very important that by the onset of the second period the water has not yet dropped to the summer level, but would be 30-70 centimeters higher than its centimeters, then success, naturally, under other favorable conditions, is guaranteed. In summer, bream flocks become not so numerous, but a fairly even bite lasts until mid-July. Further, a good nibble resumes in August and continues in September, while there are warm days in the yard. It was noticed that the largest specimens came across at night, although one had to deal with cases when a bream weighing 4.5 kg was taken out of the water at two in the afternoon – at a time when the shallow scrubber did not pull the nozzle for more than two hours.
PLACES OF HABITATION.
The habitats of the bream and scavenger in different water bodies differ. So, on large lakes, rivers and reservoirs, bream can really be found in pits, but for reservoirs with a weak current, this proposition may turn out to be wrong. The point here is that the bream feeds on bottom organisms, and in water bodies with a weak current in the pits the soil practically does not erode, which means it is much more difficult to find food there. Therefore, it turns out that in such places bream and scavenger are more acceptable to stay in places with an average depth where more food is washed out by the current. It is worth noting that smaller young individuals are less adapted to digging bottom organisms from the ground, and therefore they try to dig in a soft layer with a thickness of 2 to 7-10 cm, which prevails at medium depth. In the pits, as a rule, the layer of soft silt is much thicker, there is more food, but getting it is somewhat more difficult – therefore, larger individuals usually dig there.
The scavenger, and especially the large bream, needs a place to rest, because of this usually feeding places are located near the pits. In them bream leaves after feeding – usually at night. As for the cross section of the reservoir, it is quite erroneous to assume that the fish will always stay close to the channel. When she moves during spawning, then indeed most often her path lies near the channel, along the line of maximum depth. In the summer, the fish is actively looking for food and therefore is forced to switch to various bottom irregularities – dumps, etc. Moreover – the steeper the stall, the more often it collapses, and more food is washed with water. In addition, in such places the current is weaker compared to the channel, which means it is somewhat easier to stay there.
It is also well known that bream schools have their own food routes, therefore, once having discovered the paths along which a fish moves in a pond, it will subsequently be easy to feed some of their areas and thereby keep fish on them. In general, encounters with the bream and scavenger at the exit from the pits, ledges and wide eyebrows located near deep places are most likely. Brow, ledges, overgrown with various vegetation, rich in small live food, and attract bream. The bream and bottom sections inhabited by colonies of living and already dead (opened) shells are no less attractive.
EQUIPMENT AND EQUIPMENT
As we have already examined in the first part of the article, bream habitats can be extremely diverse, and therefore the tackle for its fishing must be sufficiently universal. It is better to take a feeder rod with a length of 3.60 to 3.90 m, with a test of casting feeders up to 90-120 grams. In some cases, larger rivers may require a more powerful rod, but this is rarely the case. Personally, I have a Salmo Diamond Feeder rod with a test of 100 g – I am very pleased with it, and I do not intend to change it. Most of all in this rod I am impressed by the excellent range and accuracy of casting. The feeder perfectly penetrates the headwind, and the deviation from the aiming point (of course this also depends on the angler) is practically zero. In addition, this rod has very sensitive signaling peaks. The slightest touch with the bream of the bait is instantly transmitted to the shore. There are no problems with fighting.
I also have an older “diamond brother”. I use it on the rivers. Even when plucking a large bream against the current, there are no problems. The blank surely extinguishes both jerking fish and flow resistance. Any reel can be used, inertialess with a spool capacity is usual for me: 150 m fishing line 0.22-0.25 mm. I use the same “diamond”. I like the soft work of the reel and a special conical spool. Casting range is clearly increasing! The clutch is clear, it allows you to choose the adjustment for resistance very competently, almost "on the verge of a foul." I use fishing line with a diameter of 0.20-0.25 mm. Firstly, feeder rods, especially the one I referred to, quite effectively extinguishes jerks of fish (bream and beats, in general, not so much), and secondly, a properly adjusted friction clutch will also help out in an unusual situation. When bringing fish to shore, it is better to use the net. Leashes are used thinner, approximately 0.05-0.10 mm thinner than the main fishing line (that is, for the main fishing line with a diameter of 0.25 mm, leads with a diameter of 0.16-0.20 mm are quite suitable).
Feeders are used very diverse – from closed, for live components: worm, maggot and bloodworms – to mesh, filled with the most diverse mixes. As for the hooks, here you need to navigate according to the situation: depending on the size of the biting fish, change the size of the hooks. If the reservoir is well known, it is known which fish usually takes the nozzle, then everything is simple. If the pond is new for you, then you can experiment by putting hooks of different sizes on different gear; after a few bites, leave those that are more suitable. That is – if the bites follow, but the fish cannot be detected, then we put the hooks of a smaller size, and vice versa. Everything is suitable for fishing equipment – with an anti-twist, symmetric and asymmetric loops, a paternoster. True, it is necessary to consider two very important points. If fishing takes place in a pond with a current, then the equipment may be a little rougher: when the nozzle constantly swims away and sways under the influence of the current, then the thought time for the fish is much less, and it can immediately grab the nozzle.
In a reservoir with stagnant water, the bream will carefully study the nozzle, as well as your equipment – and therefore it is very important to make it as invisible and sensitive as possible. In addition, it is almost always necessary to slightly load the fishing line between the fastener and the hook, at least the smallest sinker-pellet – it will not sail, and cause suspicion in the fish.
author Igor SMETANIN
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