Perch is one of our most common fish. It is found in fast rivers and quiet ponds, in small streams and huge reservoirs. Although the perch and predator, but does not miss the bloodworm, in addition, he is very curious and little afraid of loud sounds. In general, a very attractive fish: catch anywhere and almost anything. However, despite the ubiquity of the perch, its targeted fishing, especially large specimens, is not at all simple. In winter, there are several periods in the biting of a large perch. He takes well in the first week or two after freezing, then his presence in catches quickly decreases. Later, in the dead of winter, it manifests itself again, but usually takes only exits, most often at dawn or before sunset, and sometimes it bites in the thick twilight, almost in the dark.
Finally, the peak activity of large perch occurs on the last ice, when it is often caught at the minimum depth, under the very shore where the fry is driven. Despite the fact that perch is responsive to bait, mainly to bloodworms, it does not fit from a great distance. It is also unlikely to collect a lot of fish under the hole, so there is nothing to expect to catch the whole day, sitting in one good place. Even on the Rybinsk Reservoir, where perch often forms large accumulations, nibble can be very active, but only while the flock is on, and it is impossible to stop it, no matter how much bait or rash. In small reservoirs there are no large schools of perch at all, and you can take a dozen or two from the hole at best, and then you need to look again. So fishing for perch requires constant search.
Where to looking for
It is believed that perch prefers to stay on the grass, and this is true. However, this is only the most general rule. At the beginning of winter, perch grass can not be found, in any case, to a depth of less than a meter. The reason is that when the grass dies, the dissolved oxygen in the water is spent on the process of decay, and the perch is very sensitive to the oxygen content, so it leaves such places. So it all depends on what kind of grass it is. If, say, horsetail, then you can not search for perch next to it. And if the reed is much less susceptible to decay, then it is worth looking both along the border of the thicket, and in the windows inside. All kinds of bottom topography and any heterogeneities at the bottom are attracted to perch: driftwood, large stones, even tree branches that go under water.
When fishing from ice, the search for perch, like any other fish, begins with drilling a chain of holes from the coast inland. Since many small ponds appeared on the site of flooded ravines or other lowlands, very often one of their banks is higher and steeper than the other. Under the steep coast, the stall is steeper, the depth is greater and there is often snag – the remains of trees and bushes that were not cut down during the flooding, which are often clearly visible through the ice. This fish usually does not like steep dumps, but if
there are snags, it is quite possible to count on a large perch. It is worth looking for him and in the watering next to the dump, where he goes hunting.
If the snag is visible, the hole should be drilled, stepping aside 40-50 cm, otherwise there may be a hook. However, even with such precaution, this fishing requires a large supply of mormyshka or other lures. With a gentle slope and the absence of snags, it is worth trying to find any unevenness of the bottom. When this fails, one thing remains: to drill a dozen holes and check all of them for the presence of a large perch with a spinner, a balancer or some kind of rewinder. There are no bites – feed the holes with a bloodworm, lowering it from above, and go cook the next row, and after half an hour return to the fed holes and check them with mormyshka and bloodworms. It should be borne in mind that in the holes fed by the bloodworm, there is no particular sense in catching baits or rewindings later: the perch gathered on the bloodworm takes it.
On the first ice, the perch most often keeps at a depth of 1.5-2 m. The bottom goes deeper – it is worth turning around and drilling holes along the coast. In small ponds, fish, including perch, as a rule, keeps throughout the water area on one horizon, which is most suitable for it at the moment. Often it stands a strip along the coast, which can be clearly seen in competitions, when fishermen, having felt for fish, are also located in a line outlining a certain horizon.
Lures and gear
You can catch perch on a variety of baits – from miniature mormysheks with a bloodworm to balancers and spinners. On the first ice, when the fish is active, all options are suitable, and the choice depends mainly on the taste and habits of the fisherman. However, the characteristics of water bodies often influence the choice of bait: perch obviously prefers baubles to some, and mormyshki with a bloodworm to others. In most reservoirs near Moscow, the optimal length of the balancers and spinners is up to 4 cm. The diameter of the fishing line depends on the size of the fish that may be in the catch. On reservoirs, kilogram humpbacks also occasionally fly in – just the fishing line of 0.20 mm. But in most small ponds, 0.14 mm is enough for fishing on a balancer and spinners, and 0.08-0.10 mm for mummy gear.
The balance of the balance depends on so many factors, so the bait must be at least a few different colors. As a starting point, I usually use bright acidics. On the first ice, they often work very well, but sometimes only natural color baits attract fish. These are perhaps the two main groups of colors. I did not notice much difference in biting on silver balancers with a black or blue back, as well as on orange or lettuce acid. With spinners in relation to color it is even simpler: copper, silver, brass – they catch everything. As a rule, in most bodies of water white matte spinners work well. The set of mormysheks is traditional: designed for non-fishing fishing – dark, imitating insects; mormyshki for fishing with a nozzle may be brighter, but their main task is to quickly lower the nozzle to the desired horizon and, in combination with a nod, provide the necessary game. On the first ice, catching the game is most effective.
On the first ice, perch often responds better to bloodworms than to spinners. However, large perch, as I noticed, usually prefers non-attachable baits, in particular little devils. True, rewindings require perseverance: usually it takes at least two to three minutes before vibrations of the bait attract fish. Even if she is not under the hole, she may come up. But when fishing for mormyshka with a bloodworm on a fed hole, everything becomes clear through two or three wires: there are no bites – you can go further. Perch is attracted not only by bait, but also by the accumulation of brothers standing under the hole. Knowing the curiosity of the perch, some anglers make several sharp swings of the bait before starting to catch their attention. In general, sharp swings scare the fish, but this technique really helps, although not always: the fish should not stand under the hole.
Therefore, you must first check the hole, and making sure that there is no fish, make a few sharp swings and wait a bit – after a while, the perch may appear. Starting a hole catch is directly from under the ice. Many people know that closer to spring the perch squeezes the fry under the ice and there it is actively enough. However, this often happens on the first ice. The reason, apparently, is that while the ice is thin, the transmitted light is enough to see the fry well, and it is more convenient for the perch pack to attack prey from the bottom up. In any case, you should not catch only the bottom layer and, not having seen the bite, leave, believing that there is no fish here. This applies to fishing for all baits – and mormyshka with a bloodworm, and to spinners. Often, experienced fishers sip one hole from bottom to top, the next one from top to bottom, and again from bottom to top: all horizons are checked in this way, and there is no need to wind the fishing line idle.
Catching perch in the first ice is reckless and exciting, but safety precautions should not be forgotten. Health, and especially life, are not comparable with any number of the most selected fish.
author Roman BUTUZOV