With a short rod length, the angler pulls the nozzle with his whole hand, or even his shoulder, which quickly gets tired. A short rod is good when you need to set the maximum frequency of short vibrations with a light bait at a shallow depth – the so-called tremor. A longer rod provides the required amplitude even when only the hand is working. A rod with a length of 250-300 mm is the most optimal.
The nod is the most important and crucial part of your winter fishing rod equipment. As a rule, the nod for winter perch fishing is made of plastic. For light jigs, bristle nods are successfully used. Steel nods, as well as from springs and nipple rubber bands did not take root. Its length ranges from 40-100 mm. The plate is tapered. The nod width is 5-7 mm at the base, and 1-3 mm at the top. For a smoother bend, some anglers give a nod and a slight taper in thickness. This is done either with sandpaper or with the tip of a sharpened scalpel. After giving the nod the necessary taper, it is processed with fine sandpaper and polished.
The material for making nods is selected exclusively by experience. It should have significant elasticity, deformation reversibility, and absolute frost resistance. A very important point in the manufacture and loading of the nod is its bending under the weight of the nozzle. Usually, an unloaded nod is located along the axis of the pole, and under load it takes the form of a smooth arc. Many anglers pre-bend the plastic nod in hot water, over steam, or drag it through windrows. Such a nod in the loaded state takes the form of an arc with a very small radius of curvature.
The most popular tackle for catching perch in winter is jigs. It is useful to have in stock a set of jigs of various sizes and shapes, since the perch tribe in different places and bodies of water has its own tastes and preferences in terms of choosing lures. Tungsten pellets are considered more versatile, but, again, this should not be taken as a rule. A tungsten jig is convenient for playing the nod, and it is often used when fishing at great depths, since it is quite small with a large mass. Perch often prefer a drop of black or red. Fishing efficiency can be improved if a contrasting pattern resembling a fish eye is depicted on the side of the jig. Very often fishermen catch perch on a jack-type jig with various combinations of animal baits strung on its hooks.
Perch loves large vibration amplitude and fast pace. The frequency can reach up to 200-300 oscillations per minute. However, in the dead of winter, when the activity of the fish is significantly reduced, the perch can often be forced to take the bait only due to slow and smooth movements, that is, with smaller jigs. At shallow depths, shallow tremors can give the result – vibrations of a shallow bait at a maximum frequency and with a small amplitude.
In winter, sheer lure is widely used. If you are chasing a large catch, it is most advisable to start winter fishing for perch with a spoon, and then, as there is no or weakening of the bite, you should switch to fishing with a jig. Using spoons, you can count on catching larger specimens. Sheer lure is a much more laborious method than fishing with a jig. But the catch of the lure is larger, it is not associated with natural baits, and the expectation of a bite is completely different for him: the probability of catch increases. Spinning – mobile fishing. A fisherman walks many kilometers a day, drills dozens of holes, but if someone is lucky enough to find a dense shoal of good perches, the catches are truly fantastic.
It is advisable to put a perch’s eye on the hook of the spoon, with a thin hook and a small spoon, you can put bloodworms. Sometimes a worm or a piece of fish is planted, but this gives a weak effect. Good results can be obtained with a fry nozzle measuring 3-5 cm. In extreme cases, you can tie a small red hair, colored cambric rings or even pieces of foam rubber to the hook of the spoon. When fishing with a lure, the search for fish is at a higher rate than in the case of a jig. In a new hole (with a fairly active game) the perch reacts to the spoon during the first 2-3 minutes. Due to the high intensity of acoustic vibrations created in the water, the spoon attracts perch from farther distances than the jig. If for some time, despite the use of different methods of playing with tackle, bites are not registered, then it makes sense to drill the next hole.
Classic sheer spoons are made of sheet metal (brass, copper, tompak, cupronickel, nickel, etc.) with a thickness of 0.1 to 0.8 mm. The length of lures made from thin material is 15-25 mm, from thick material – 15-40 mm. Spoons can also be made from two different colors of metals. Various types of paint and coatings are used. The ratio of length to width is from 5: 1 to 3: 1. There are a huge variety of types and designs of winter lures, and given the various combinations of materials and colors, their set becomes truly immense. For specific conditions, spinners should be selected based on their own experience and the recommendations of experienced local anglers. There is no single rule, as in the case of jiggers, there is no need to be afraid to experiment, try different baits.
Recently, for catching predatory fish in a plumb line, so-called horizontal spoons, often called balancers, have become widespread. These lures use a horizontal suspension method, i.e. the fishing line is attached to the spoon by the eyelet, which is located at the back of the spoon approximately in the middle. It can be both small lures with one or two single hooks at the edges, and fish up to 50 mm long, equipped with tees. The technique of fishing with a balance bar is not difficult, these lures are not so demanding on the nuances of the game. A horizontal spoon creates a stronger acoustic effect when playing, which is an additional factor in attracting a predator. You can attach several bloodworms to the tail hooks of the balancer or use the tail of a small twister as an additional attachment. Methods of coloring imported horizontal lines are very diverse. More catchy will be those spoons, the coloring and movement of which will better imitate small fish, which are the main food of the predator in its natural habitat.
Perch is often attracted to noise. Some anglers tie two identical leashes with a diameter of 0.10-0.13 mm with two jigs to the end of the main line. When immersed in water, the jigs diverge in different directions, and when they rise, they collide with each other. The knock attracts the perch, and they grab the moving bait. It is also possible to achieve an acoustic effect with the help of beads planted with free play on the fishing line. When playing, the play of beads creates an additional noise effect of the tackle. Periodic strikes of the spoon on the ground create clouds of turbidity. It is believed that it can also provide additional bait for perch. Another technique is also used. First, they flash near the hole, creating strong vibrations in the water column, thereby attracting the perch. Then in the same hole they catch with a jig.
Many fishermen who are constantly engaged in ice fishing use bait to attract perch to the bucket. The bloodworm is considered the best bait; cakes, bran, steamed oats are also used. The bait is lowered to the bottom in special baits just upstream or thrown directly into the hole. The perch itself is quite indifferent to the bait as such. However, various small fish scurry about near the bait, and perches come up behind them.