Spring fishing with a plug on the channel them. Moscow

Spring is gaining strength, the sun’s rays are noticeably warming up, streams of melt water rush into reservoirs, and many anglers, yearning for float fishing during the winter period, rush to their shores. Someone is trying to open the season on small rivulets, which are the first to be freed from the ice captivity, others are trying to fish in open backwaters on medium rivers. In my article I would like to consider spring fishing with a plug on the channel im. Moscow, which in the spring often pleases anglers with trophy catches. Fishing on the canal begins from the moment navigation opens, when many barges, yachts and motor ships begin to ply between the Moskva River and the Volga. First, the season of small navigation opens on the Moskva River, and in the meantime, the canal is filled with water again after the winter discharge. Then, two weeks later, the big navigation begins on it.

Where to fish here ?!

When you first visit the channel, a difficult question arises with the choice of the place of fishing. After all, a rather monotonous landscape opens up here: the absence of aquatic vegetation, slippery boulders, concrete slabs stretching along the coast for kilometers without any signs of relief, without the steep bends that are characteristic of natural reservoirs. But this is only at first glance! In fact, the canal bed is not as uniform as its banks, and our task is to determine where there are any relief inhomogeneities at the bottom. Such areas are the most promising in terms of fishing.

The first thing worth paying attention to is the navigation signs, in particular the “Do not drop anchor” leading sign. It is a shield in the form of a white disc with a red edging and a black anchor crossed diagonally with a red stripe. A sign is installed on a pole with black and yellow stripes 30-40 cm wide. This sign may indicate an underwater “crossing” – that is, the presence of a pipeline or a tunnel at the bottom of the channel. It can also indicate the presence of various wires at the bottom: telegraph, telephone, electrical and others. Finally, he sometimes simply points to an area where the bottom is heavily littered. This sign is installed in pairs on both sides of the channel, as a rule, 100 meters before the beginning of the underwater crossing and 100 meters below its end.

It is also helpful to assess the location of buoys and buoys. They distinguish fences for the passage, outside of which there may be either areas with a littered bottom, or, for example, shallows. The water surface itself is no less informative. In calm weather, carefully looking at the water surface, you can get an approximate idea of ​​the underwater part of this area. Where there is a depression at the bottom, the surface of the water is covered with noticeable ripples and looks darker. At the outlets of the underwater streamers and on the shallows, the water is lighter and has a yellowish tint.

Finally, one more sign of a promising place, as well as a sign of the piggy behavior of those who caught at this place, are empty bags of bait thrown on the shore, jars from baits and other garbage of “fishing” origin. All this is extremely unpleasant and, although it serves as a certain “tip-off”, it can completely poison all the pleasure of fishing. Is it really so difficult – to spend a few minutes after the end of fishing to collect and take away empty bags from bait and other garbage ?! Some soothe their conscience by hiding it all right there in the bushes or putting it in bags, which are “neatly” left on the shore. Is it not clear that after you leave, all these bags with garbage left by you birds and dogs will instantly gut and scatter all over the district!

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So, having determined the place where the area with an inhomogeneous bottom comes closer to the coast, we proceed to study the bottom topography. Having assembled the plug rod to a length of 13 m and without laying out additional whales for now, attach a depth gauge weighing 30-40 g to the hook of the rig and proceed to measuring the depth. Having found a promising depth difference or a hole, we, in addition to exploring the areas above and below the found point, proceed to study the bottom at a short distance. We do this by gradually tapping the bottom and rolling back the plug. Our task is to find the distance at which the edge of the pit is located. It can be outside the length of the plug – then you will need to look for a new place – and at a distance of 11 or even 9 meters. It should be borne in mind that at a shorter distance, catching with a plug is much more effective, and in the case of strong winds this will be a prerequisite, since due to the large windage, the 13-meter plug will simply become uncontrollable.

Having decided on the place of fishing, we equip our workplace. This must be approached with all responsibility, since the constant ebb and flow and waves from passing ships can not only flood, but also overturn your things and tackle and lead to their breakdown. As a seat, special fishing boxes and platforms with telescopic legs are perfect, which allow you to adjust the height of the seat and its horizontal position. The platform on the canal is very useful: it allows, in the event of a large wave from a passing yacht – and from them, as a rule, these large waves come – not to be flooded with water. It is enough just to raise your legs. I would also like to tell those who have no experience in canal fishing that when a large wave appears, you should not jump from the box and run to the shore. An abandoned box, even if it seems to be well secured, may well be washed away by a wave and turned over.


The box has been installed, now we are faced with the question: how many whales to lay out and with what rigs? The strength of the current on the canal is changeable – it strongly depends both on the proximity of the locks and on the intensity of navigation. But do not be afraid of a strong current: it has been noticed that on days when navigation is minimal and, accordingly, sluicing is minimal, bream and breeder take worse. This is obviously due to the fact that the stronger the current, the more intensively the bottom soil with the larvae is washed out and the more actively the bream feeds. So, the number of whales depends on the strength of the current. As a rule, I lay out three whales: the first with a heavy rig of 8 g, the second with a medium rig of 4 g, and the third with a light rig of 1.5 g. The first two rigs are for strong holds, the last one is for swimming float without braking.

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The medium and heavy floats I use are not flat, but ordinary wired ones with a spherical body shape. On a light rig, I put a spindle-shaped float. In some sections of the canal, for example, in the Morozok area, the above rigging weights will seem clearly small, and they can be safely increased. The general rule of adjusting the tackle for the current is as follows: if, when holding the float, its antenna tilts back about 45 degrees or more, then such a float is too light for the given fishing conditions and its weight must be increased. If the antenna deviates by 15-25 degrees, then we have chosen the correct float.

For light rigging, such a setting is not needed, since either there will be no adherents at all, or they will be insignificant. However, a very light tackle should not be set, because during the wiring it will be heavily carried by the current and the float will not have time to “work out” its load. We split the float load into two parts: the main load in the form of an olive (approximately 80% of the total weight of the load) and a supplementary load consisting of several grains No. 6 according to the international classification (the remaining 20% ​​of the weight). We place the main load 40 cm from the support. Depending on the intensity of the bite of the pellet, we either move the backup to the main load (if the bite is bad), or we concentrate everything at the very bottom (if the bite is good).

As the main line, the best fit is a line with a diameter of 0.14-0.12 mm (for example, Maver Smart), a leader – 0.12-0.1 mm (Maver Smart, Exel). Leashes should not be made short. In most cases, its length should be 30-40 cm, and in periods of weak biting, it is better to increase the length of the leash to 70-100 cm. We use a shock absorber with a diameter of 1-1.2 mm and install it in two knees. It should be borne in mind that on the channel, due to the passage of large vessels, it is often necessary to force the fish to play, and when using a thinner shock absorber or installing it in three knees, we will only delay the fishing.


Groundbait is a very important component of your fishing success. Whether it will be possible to attract bream and keep it – it largely depends on the bait used and the timeliness of feeding. Now in the assortment of fishing shops there is a very wide variety of baits of completely different quality and a wide price range. Every angler, undoubtedly, has his own experience in the use of baits. Based on my practice, I can recommend using time-tested baits from leading manufacturers. From foreign countries, Sensas Breames, VDE Secret and Record Zilver, Milo Vip Rive showed themselves well. From domestic – “Fishbait-bream”, “Sabaneev-Leshch”.

I would like to note a very important point: the presence of soil in the bait. In most cases, I add Sabaneev-Extra soil, which not only allows you to adjust the stickiness of the bait, depending on the strength of the current, but also gives a haze that attracts fish from fairly long distances. The presence of live components in the bait, I consider a prerequisite for successful fishing. Optimum for attracting bream and keeping it in the place of fishing is a large bloodworm (100 g per 1 kg of bait) and a small amount of maggot (100-200 g for the whole bait).

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Also, do not give up such a traditional component when fishing for bream, like millet. The most important thing is to cook it correctly. Millet should not be cooked like porridge, and at the same time, its grains should be easily rubbed with your fingers. I cook it as follows. For 400 g of millet, I take a 3-liter pan and pour the millet so that there is 2-3 cm of water on top. I mix thoroughly so that the millet is completely in the water and add water as needed. Then I put the pot on the fire and bring the water to a boil. As soon as the water starts to boil, I turn down the heat to the smallest one and wait until the top layer of water has completely boiled away. After that, I remove the pan from the stove and cover it tightly with a lid. The millet will be ready in an hour. I also add a small amount of whole oatmeal to the groundbait.

The finished groundbait should stick well, but at the same time not be like a lump of clay in consistency. We perform starter feed very abundantly – about half of all harvested groundbait. The bait balls need to be made of the same shape, but of different density. Some are very dense, and those that will be thrown last are only slightly compacted. Thus, we will make the bait work immediately, but will increase the period of its action. Loose balls will start to blur immediately, and denser ones only after a while.

After the passage of the vessels, it is useful to throw 3-4 balls of groundbait at the fishing point. It often happens that after feeding, “thorny brethren” in the form of perches and ruffs gather at the fishing point. In this case, do not rush to actively feed in the hope of a bream approach: thereby you will only keep the perches with ruffs, which are actively eating bloodworms from the bait. Here it remains only to systematically catch them and wait for the approach of the fish, which will displace the ruff with perches from the fishing zone.

After catching a large bream, without feeding it, so as not to scare away the flock, try to immediately start the rig again at the same point: there is a chance of catching another similar trophy, since bream usually keep in flocks consisting of individuals of approximately the same size. Only if after catching a bite does not follow for a long time, then you should re-feed the point. It is advisable to do this with a bait cup, so as not to make unnecessary noise. Hope that spring fishing on the channel im. Moscow will bring you a lot of positive emotions and bring the coveted trophies!

Alexey POPOV