Spring fishing in the Astrakhan region

Spring fishing in the Astrakhan regionThe beginning of May in the Astrakhan region is a vobla, a vobla and one more vobla. The mass movement of vobla is gaining momentum in the third week of April, so that the entire second half of it, plus the beginning of May, the Volga and its ducts are literally teeming with fish. Vobla goes in continuous shoals and grabs anything edible. How many hooks – so many fish! Expanse to fishermen: for every hook thrown there are a dozen who want to swallow the bait. The embankments of Astrakhan are strewn with people with fishing rods and snacks. It seems that the whole city here is old and young.

For Astrakhan, the time of the roach is like a carnival in Brazil. Most residents put on fisherman costumes, pick up fishing rods and go ashore of the Volga. All balconies and doors are hung with stocks of dried roach, and the smell of fried fish floats over the city. Every year on the twentieth of April the Vobla festival is held, dedicated to the course of the Caspian vobla, which attracts from 150 to 300 participants – amateur fishermen not only from Astrakhan, but also from Moscow, Volgograd, Saratov, Krasnodar and other cities. The main idea of ​​the festival is to preserve bioresources and treat them as national wealth.

While I am writing these lines, Astrakhan are preparing fishing rods. After all, not only the festival, but the entire spring spawning of roaches is a great pastime for thousands of residents. Very soon, literally all city balconies will be decorated with stockings of freshly caught roach, like Christmas garlands. She is enough for everyone. Therefore, guests of the region will not regret fishing here. For the 450th anniversary of Astrakhan, a monument was opened. According to the conviction of almost all Astrakhan residents, Vobla, namely, with a capital letter, it is called here, should be awarded a monument for a long time. They consider her here as their "national fish." According to local residents, Vobla is like a Tula samovar or an Orenburg shawl. And it is wrong to think that any dried fish can be called a roach.

Despite the fact that at present the level of the Caspian has changed significantly, as the fishing conditions have changed, nothing new can be added to the already published materials on the distribution of roach in the river. In any case, the bulk of the roach reaches only the Volga delta and partly the lower reaches of the Akhtuba floodplain. Vobla passes up the Akhtuba floodplain in small numbers, and the higher the river, the smaller the fish. Vobla goes to the Volga in separate, more or less significant schools. In the Volga delta, the first jambs appear in early April. The course continues until the end of May, in the areas closest to the estuaries, it ends earlier. Separate schools of vobla, falling into large ducts, last for several hours. The movement of vobla into the river begins in early spring or even from the end of winter, when another fish is still in the pits. As a separate specimen, vobla appears in the river still under the ice since the end of January; since the middle of February it has already come across in schools; in March its course is further enhanced; however, a radical outlet opens only in April, when the river has long been opened and the ice has passed.

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The course of the roach and its features

Shoals of vobla stretch along all the Volga branches. Sometimes until the end of April, part of it passes above Astrakhan, but a much larger amount remains at the mouths. Usually the start of the roach falls in the first half of April, the maximum – in the second half of April, the end – in the first half of May. In different areas of the delta, the moments of the beginning of the course do not coincide, and, as a rule, in the eastern part of the Volga delta, the roach begins much earlier than in the middle, and in the middle part a few days earlier than in the western. The maximum travel dates almost coincide in different parts of the delta. The end of the move, in all likelihood, also occurs almost simultaneously.

According to my observations, the total duration of the roach is about 65 days, but the kosyachny move takes 17-40 days, and on average 27 days. In the Volga roach goes at a water temperature of 4-12 °. The mass course takes place at 8–9 °; at the beginning of the roach, a temperature of 2–4.4 ° is observed. The main stroke occurs at 6-7.1 ° and a maximum at 7-11.7 °. According to long-term observations of the Astrakhan ichthyological laboratory, the roach moves in the river at the following temperatures: the appearance of the first specimens at 2.4 °, the beginning of the mowing stroke at 5.4 °, the maximum stroke at 9.6, the end of the stroke at 11.2 °, disappearance the last instances at 14.4 °. The above changes in the timing of the mass movement of roach, of course, depend on a combination of conditions in the river and in the sea. Moreover, we have to talk about temperature due to the fact that in spring the rate of maturation of vobla sexual products depends on it.

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After ice disintegration, rapid heating of water occurs in the sea due to the shallow water area. The river also has warming water, but more slowly. The heating of water in the river is delayed by the arrival of highly chilled horse water. In this regard, differences in temperature of sea water and river are growing. Apparently, for a mature roach, temperatures below 14 ° are optimal, since an increase in its course in the river is combined with an increase in the temperature difference. But only during that period when in the sea the water temperature is kept within 6-15 °. At this time, an intensive course of roach producers takes place in the sea, the number of which in the sea, after warming up above 14 °, decreases due to the departure of a part of the roach in the rivers. Observations lead to the conclusion that in the river the optimal temperature for the roach is 5-10 °. In spring, at this temperature, the roach forms dense clusters in the river. In the future, especially when the water in the river is heated above 10 °, the roach diverges in the ilmeni and hollows.

The inflow of high flood waters to the Volga delta, which causes a slowdown in the heating of water in the river and the height of the level, greatly affects the course of the roach. According to many years of observations, the beginning of the mass movement of the roach in the Volga delta is usually confined to the appearance of upper muddy spring waters here along with a more or less intense rise in the level of the river. Regardless of the power and intensity of the movement of the roach in the river, a completely clear pattern is observed with respect to the distribution of the roach in size in time and space. For example, it is known that every year in the Volga delta the largest roach is caught in the area of ​​Kirovsky, the smallest in the Volodarovsky, of intermediate sizes caught in the areas of Orangery and Tumak.

About fishing gear for vobla

The generally recognized and most catching tackle for this type of fishing is the donkey, feeder and float fishing rods. When equipping a float fishing rod with a blind snap for fishing on a vobla, the following recommendations should be followed. Fishing will be carried out in the flood. Therefore, the recommended length of the rod should be within 6-7 meters. This will make it possible to reach the bottom when fishing during heavy floods when fishing. Usually fishing on a float fishing rod under a coastal dump at a depth of 4-5 m is quite effective and gives a lot of pleasure, but at the same time not too large roach is caught within 150 grams. For more decent specimens bottom gear is needed. In order to build a donk in haste, a sinker ring weighing about 100 g and a suitable fishing line are used. Tie up two or three short (15 cm) leashes with hooks No. 6, and the catchy tackle is ready.

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Tackle with a dough of fishing rods up to 90 g, 40-60-gram sinkers or a feeder with a feeder-sinker are suitable for fishing on a vobla. Fishing will be carried out in strong currents, so the use of round sinkers is not recommended. The best casting option is 25-30 meters from the coast. The size of the hooks for fishing according to foreign classification is within the range of No. 12-14, which corresponds to domestic No. 4,5-6. What kind of bait is most preferable when fishing for a roach, there is no consensus among anglers. Some people think that there is nothing better than a dung worm, while others prefer maggots. Vobla is also well caught on canned corn.

Here is an excerpt from a report by Vadim Novikov from Nizhny Novgorod on fishing in the Astrakhan region: “The crab was caught honestly by a worm and corn. But then, when the other comrades began to pull themselves up, we began to experiment. You will not believe! It turns out that it’s better to peck on Moscow smoked than on any other sausage! And she prefers raisins better brown than yellow. Lemon zest to her taste from the middle, and not from the ass. And olives are better with anchovies than without toppings, and so that the piece is bigger. By the way, the roach and excise stamps from the "Five Lakes" did not disdain. In general, we show off plenty! ” From the foregoing, we can conclude – the roach during the course of the bite on everything.

Alexey GUSEV

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