It was the right decision. Upon arrival at the pond, I assembled a spinning rod, at the end of the main line of a braid with a diameter of 0.12 mm I attached a leash to a sbirulino float weighing 15 g, and to it I tied a mono line 70 cm long with a streamer. After three empty casts, a rather large trout, like lightning, hit the bait, ran away, jumping out and bending down the tip of my light two-handed rod. Twenty minutes later, Anton pulled a half kilogram of trout onto a Muran turntable.
Encouraged by our success, we settled down in the shade of a coastal willow tree and enjoyed drinking hot coffee from a thermos. And there were five more good trout ahead, which made an indelible impression on us. Fishing for trout with a spinning rod is a kind of art that requires thought and skill in order to achieve consistent results. I fished for trout in the Baltics, Belarus and the European part of Russia. And I can say with confidence that this fish is extremely careful and fastidious. In a word, it is not given to everyone.
You need the right tackle
As I have noticed, most trout hunters use rods that are too strong, stiff, and lines that are too strong to use relatively light baits that work better in most trout waters. Unlike the majority of fishermen, experienced spinning anglers, relying little on chance, thoroughly test the tackle in advance, achieving its balance for certain fishing conditions. Your equipment may of course vary depending on these conditions, but I think that in general, two models of ultralight rods are quite enough for Russian trout waters. The first of them, 1.5-1.8 m long and weighing no more than 80 g, is equipped with a small lightweight spinning reel. Such a rod is preferable for lures weighing from 2 to 7 g in combination with a monofilament line, the breaking load of which is 0.9-2 kg. When fishing on small rivers and alpine lakes, if the water is very transparent, usually soft monofilaments with a dough not exceeding 1 kg are used. In other situations, a 2 kg test is more appropriate, which provides a greater margin of safety and meets the requirements of fishing in medium to large bodies of water.
As a rule, a modern rod is equipped with markings indicating the main dimensions and weight parameters, but its most important characteristic is the action, which, in fact, subdivides all models into more or less acceptable for trout fishing. As practice shows, in our case, an ultralight rod should have a parabolic rather than a fast action. In the first case, the blank made of carbon fiber bends under load along its entire length, in the second – only in the upper part. Despite the fact that world famous companies produce a huge number of fast and super fast action rods, they are of little use for trout fishing. The fact is that with such rods there are problems with sighting casts. Light bait often needs to be put in the right place with an accuracy of 2-5 cm.
In addition, special casts are difficult or even impossible, which are necessary on small overgrown rivers, especially in the presence of tree branches hanging over the water. I mean the technique of casting from under the arm, according to the principle of a pendulum, etc. It is much more convenient to use slow action rods. A real trout rod must have a flexible top. This allows you to make accurate casts with minimal effort, gently hook and gently play the fish. Many companies have excellent parabolic models made of carbon fiber. First of all, I would name such companies as Daiwa, Shimano, Berkley, G. Loomis.
The second tackle that I recommend for trout fishing is a slow action rod (1.8 m length), designed for mono line with a breaking load of 1.8 to 2.5 kg. It can be used with lures weighing from 3.5 to 12 g. This tackle is designed for larger bodies of water or for strong currents during periods of high water, as well as for those rivers, lakes and toll ponds where trout weighs up to 1.5 kg … The above two types of rods make it easier to cast suitable light lures in the right places, to achieve good results. Of course, it is also very important to be able to find trout sites, which is one of the main components of the skill of a spinning player – a trout hunter.
First of all, it must be borne in mind that trout keeps in the river, standing with its nose against the current, which delivers it a variety of food: weakened or injured fry, earthworms, insect larvae, crustaceans, etc. This means that if the bait is thrown down the river and guided against the current, it will come upstream for the most part on the wrong side from which the fish expects it. In addition to such considerations, it is important to know that even a fish as playful as trout does not like to grab anything that moves unnaturally against the current. True, in my practice there were cases when a trout was tempted by a spinner on a slow retrieve against the current with frequent pauses, during which the bait played on the current. In general, I recommend casting upriver and leading the bait downstream. In situations where such casting is not possible, cast across the river or at an oblique angle, allowing the lure to drift freely until it is at the lowest point in the sweep. Trout often picks up as soon as the spoon starts spinning.
In most cases, fishing is most difficult in overgrown areas, where the slow current borders on the fast one. Or there are flooded boulders and other obstacles. The depths around the underwater “navels” should be explored especially carefully. These are places where rather large specimens of river trout are often found. Rainbow trout, for example, love fast water where there are rocky areas. It can often be found near or among such shelters as half-flooded boulders, fallen and sunken trees. River “return” lines behind large boulders are not the only places where careful and accurate casts are required. Many rivers, especially those overgrown with grass and bushes, require special casting techniques. There are places, for example, where you can only take trout with pendulum casting, which is best mastered in practice.
River, brook and pond trout are not the same thing. Each of them requires its own approach, including regarding the choice of baits. There are days when the fish is capricious and takes only some of the same type of spinner or streamer. Well, don’t deny it to her. In such a situation, two spinners who fish side by side and do the same, but using lures that differ even slightly, can have diametrically opposite results. One catches trout at every second or third cast, while the other just gets irritated and remains without fish. Among the most catchy trout lures I have are spinners No. 00-3 from the Swedish firms Myran and Aby Garcia, both with and without feathers. Color: silver, gold, copper, black.
Streamers of greenish, yellow and red colors are also good. Sometimes micro-wobblers work well. In general, in my opinion, when fishing for trout, it is important to take into account the color of the food objects that this fish currently feeds on. You can clarify this experimentally or with the help of local fishermen. Generally speaking, success largely depends on how much you are able to adapt to changing fishing conditions every time. This is the right way to master the secrets of catching such wonderful fish as trout.
author V.A. Kazantsev
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)