Safety in winter fishing. Part 1

Safety in winter fishing. Part 1Gathering for winter fishing, do not forget that on the ice you may face danger at every turn. Ice does not forgive those who ignore the elementary safety rules. You can go to the pond only if the ice thickness is at least 5-6 cm, and preferably with a friend. It is necessary to have a long durable cord with a load on the end in order to throw the rescue end to the fisherman Kolovorot who has got into trouble is left at home, but the ice pick, better pointed, is obligatory, since only it can determine the thickness of the ice. If the ice thickness is less than 10 cm, do not gather in groups of three or four people (only transparent ice is taken into account) and fish at a distance of no closer than 3-5 meters from each other.

While driving on thin ice, gently knock it on the ice in front of you. In case of suspicious crackling, stop immediately, take the ice pick in the middle and, holding it horizontally, carefully step back without turning. Continue driving around the dangerous area. Beware of unfrozen holes under snow and scour in the ice over the fast flowing. Being on ice, keep in mind that under the snow it grows more slowly than on snowless space. Do not stand on the ice that broke away from the ice field: they can suddenly roll over under your feet.

Walking on the loose ice keep the box on one strap: if necessary, it is easier to get rid of it. Ice, frozen with snow, speckled by air bubbles, on the course. at the exit of underwater keys is pretty weak. If you heard a warning pop or ice, you managed to break through with one blow with a pick, you must step back without taking your feet off the ice and go around a dangerous place. The strongest ice is transparent, it seems dark over the pits, it bends slightly, but does not collapse. But if there is a dark spot in front of us, covered with frost, and there are no traces of a person’s presence, such a place could mean the exit of an underwater spring. The ice here is very thin, and it is better to move away from such a place.

If there is a warning about the danger of entering the ice, you should not tempt fate, trying, ignoring the ban, to break through on the ice. Beware of scouring in ice on fast-flowing places. Remember that spring ice after a night frost in the morning seems strong and reliable, and in the afternoon, at the end of freeze-up, it crumbles and falls. Do not come close to the wells in which the field nets are placed. They are always covered with thin snow and ice. Notice them on crushed ice near the hole. In the thaw after the first frost the ice becomes thin. Especially dangerous is thin ice, powdered with snow. Over great depths the ice becomes later, and therefore it is less durable, and therefore dangerous, while at medium depth it is quite reliable.

Descending from the shore to the ice, settled during the fall of the water, beware of deep cracks hidden under the snow. They can seriously hurt the leg. On the first and spring ice, do not come close to sedge, flooded bushes: near them ice is usually thinner. If there is an urgent need to move a dangerous place on the ice, tie a cord around the belt, leaving behind a free-moving Ghanaian, near which there must be a comrade. It is necessary to cross a dangerous place with a large pole, holding it across the body. Do not go out on the ice which is not strong alone, but only together or three. However, it is impossible to go all close by. The best distance is 2-3 meters from each other. On the last ice should not walk and in single file. Where there is one, the second can fail.

Be especially careful when crossing the river below the dam. There, the state of ice changes quickly, and sometimes after 2-3 hours it is impossible to return back on its own trail. Covered with a thin crust of ice and sprinkled with fresh powder, ravine trap the careless angler. Often over such a traitorous place is smoked a light steam. Scum on the riverbank is a common occurrence at the end of winter. Fishermen should be alerted by mounds of snow and ice – there may be a mine or a lane made by fishermen. And under the snowy "fur coat" the water does not freeze even in the bitter cold. Beware of plots near coastal vegetation, estuaries covered with a layer of snow. Do not trust the milky ice: it is much weaker than the transparent ice.

When fishing on a pervolodku, the hole should be cut carefully, so that when the ice is destroyed from an excessively strong blow with a sand pick, it does not lose balance: the ice may collapse if it falls on it. Holes at this time should be cut no closer than 3-4 meters one from the other. After a blizzard beware of unfrozen holes in the snow. Ice-wetted ice – snow frozen during a blizzard – is absolutely unstable, Sites of such ice must be bypassed by all means. Driving on ice by car is extremely dangerous, so you should not use this type of transport without special need. It is much safer to go on the ice on skis (and even without them) two or three kilometers to the chosen fishing place. Skis should have a soft mount, easy to put on and take off, so that in case of a sudden ice collapse they can be quickly removed.

In lakes spring springs are sometimes found at great depths, the ice above them is dangerous. Under bridges, in narrow channels between wide reaches and between islands, ice is often dangerous already in the middle of winter. In the spring on the ice in these places can not walk. When the ice is strong enough and you prefer to sit in one place rather than wander around the reservoir, fold a horseshoe-shaped wall (like a child’s fortress) out of snow or snow blocks before fishing. Orient the wall 1.5 m high with the open side to the south. The distance between the hole and the focus formed by the horseshoe wall is 0.5-1 m. To catch the last ice, have a long pole with you that you hold while moving across the body: in case of a sudden failure, the pole will not let go under the water and will facilitate access to the ice,

With the onset of thaws, the danger of falling under the ice increases and the ice begins to melt intensively from above and melt from below, from the water side, especially in places with a strong current, in the mouths of rivers and streams, at the reed beds, reeds and near shrubs growing in the water. Do not drink alcohol when fishing. Under the influence of drunken udilsh, uk loses caution and often becomes the victim of an accident.

IF YOU FAILED UNDER ICE

First of all, do not lose your head. Trying to remain calm, call for help. And, until the clothes get wet, act on your own. Immediately spread your arms wide, without making sudden movements in the water. Do not cling to the edge of the ice, which under the weight of the body will collapse, aggravating the situation. Try to put your feet on the edge of the ice, crawl away onto the ice from the polynya, moving in the crest of the ice, and then stand in a safe place. And run to the nearest shelter or to the shore, where you can make a good fire. Bail out can and specially made on the case of "salvage". We recommend them to every angler. This is a simple device consisting of two handles with metal sharp peaks the size of a palm, connected by cords. "Salvage" should be on the neck of the angler or in breast fastenings. It is very easy to use this device: sticking peaks into the ice, the angler gets a reliable support for pulling up on his hands, and hence crawling out onto the ice.

If, despite all your efforts, you could not get out of the water yourself, you need to save your strength, limit yourself to movements, to keep warm, and wait for help. A person in fishing clothes is able to stay in icy water, resting his / her elbows and forearms on the ice edge for at least 40-50 minutes, and. as the victims say, if you know that assistance will be provided, you can hold out for the same amount. It should be remembered that even at above zero air temperature, the hands are primarily cooled. The fingers first lose their mobility, and soon the first signs of frostbite appear. That is why, if mittens are lost, you need to pull the sleeves of the sweater on the wrist and hold the edge of the ice with your elbows or try to put your hands under the clothes. The body, covered with clothes, retains heat much longer. The cold begins to be felt only after 20-30 minutes.

In real conditions, the one who is closer begins to provide assistance to the victim. For this, he uses all the tools at hand: a rope from a sand pick, a shoulder strap from a backpack or a box, a waist belt, a towel, a sweater, a sand pick or an object that replaces it (crowbar, dipstick, hook, knife attached to a stick, etc.). It is better to go to the victim in his wake, and after 25–30 m lie on the ice and crawl another 10–15 m. Here you need to prepare 3-4 pillars for yourself, that is, with a foot pick, you can punch small depressions in the ice at a distance of 60-70 cm from each other, so that you can grasp them with your fingers or put your heels on. After that, you must throw the victim to the end of the rope with a loop.

When the victim threw a rope on himself, he took a horizontal position and he himself actively helps with his hands, then, as experience shows, it is enough to apply an effort of 10-15 kg to the rope in order to pull it onto the ice. Therefore, it is better for the rescuer to hold the fingers of one hand over the depression in the ice (support), and with the other hand, to pull the victim onto the ice with one hand and with a rope. As soon as he finds himself on the ice, he should spread his arms wider to the sides and forward in order to transfer part of his body weight onto them and thereby distribute the load over a large area. Now the rescuer is intercepted by the next support and again pulls up the victim, which, if possible, helps the movement of the arms and legs. Only once at a safe distance does a rescuer stand on Legs and continue to pull the injured to solid ice.

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Amanda K. Benson

Author: Amanda K. Benson

Hi, my name is Amanda K. Benson. Since you, dear reader, have appeared on the page of my blog, it means that you are interested in something. Then you need to know who is writing these articles for you. We will meet and I will tell you a little about myself.

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