Hands already missed the winter fishing rod! And I want to try your luck! Going to a pond, especially located in the vicinity of some big city, the fisherman usually does not count on any significant catch. But there can already be a reliable ice, while large ponds still remain open. Knowing the characteristics of the reservoir and the behavior of the fish can help the fisherman become the owner of an outstanding catch even at the pond.
Types of ponds. As you know, in ponds in central Russia, fish are active, as a rule, only in November-December. Further, the nibble either disappears or is sluggish. The duration of an active bite in the ice is directly dependent on the flow of the pond, the presence of great depths, gas exchange (oxygen entering the water and discharge from the bottom sediments of hydrogen sulfide), the quality and temperature of water, and some other indicators.
Ponds can have a different nature of formation:
– channel (when the channel of a river or stream is blocked by a dam);
– floodplain (constructed in the floodplain of the river and connected to the river flow);
– spring or key; – dug (shallow up to 1.5 m); – peat (based on the developed peat quarry);
– hollows (natural lowering of the relief, filled with water during heavy rains).
Accordingly, the species composition of the ichthyofauna will strongly depend on the type of pond. So, pike, perch, roach, gudgeon, ruff, carp tolerate winter well in flow-type ponds, and during those thaws (especially at the beginning and end of freezing), even those fish (carp, crucian carp) that are active in winter period cease to eat. There is such a thing as warm and cold ponds. If the pond is flowing, but shallow, a fish that does not fall into suspended animation in winter will feel uncomfortable in it. Such a pond is called cold. Some shallow ponds freeze to the bottom in winter and, of course, pike, perch, roach, gudgeon, ruff, carp cannot winter in them.
Shallow ponds often inhabit crucian carp, rotan, and tench, which, due to the transition to a state of suspended animation, can tolerate oxygen starvation and low temperatures. Warm ponds have great depths or areas with great depths where fish exhibiting winter activity calmly endure harsh winters. Ponds can also have a rich or poor forage base. A large amount of nutrients and vitamins for fish is found in natural live food: low-bristle worms, mollusks, and insect larvae. Especially good conditions in terms of food supply where there are a lot of bloodworms. Zooplankton also plays a significant role in the nutrition of pond fish.
Selecting a place by type of fish. Depending on the type of pond, the fisherman focuses on catching a particular type of fish. With the establishment of the ice cover when the fish becomes inactive, accurate guessing of its concentration sites guarantees success. Perch is the main fish that the jugger expects to go to the pond. A striped predator is often found at the confluence of the tributaries, at the snag at depth and aground, near a steep coast with a shelf overgrown with sedge, at the upper edge of the edge, at spillways and springs where small things are spinning. Roughnesses of the bottom on underwater tables, small flat plateaus and mounds located at different distances from the coast can also attract it. On the Upper Tsaritsyno Pond in Moscow, the perch was well caught in the thicket of moss, where there is always a lot of life in the form of various small living organisms and the fry of the upper head. A positive result was obtained by fishing for jigsaw, "little devil" and small spinner. But two weeks later, the perch departed into the deepest part of the channel of the tributary flowing near the tributary.
The choice of fishing depth depends not only on the period of the ice-breaker, but also on the characteristics of the reservoir and the time the fish went to feed. At many ponds, I often managed to quickly catch a large perch in the evening, while during the day he almost never took it. Shortly before dusk, a large perch leaves to feed on shallow coastal irrigation with some features at the bottom – potholes, snag. Biting is short – for 15-20 minutes. And, for example, on one deep, but narrow dam in the ravine of Serebryanoprudsky district of the Moscow region, large perch was periodically caught during the day in the remnants of the old forest at depths of 5-6 m. And here a small nonsense “little devil” gave the best result, which most accurately imitated amphibian crustaceans living in a marshmallow.
Successfully catch perch in very small village ponds. At one time, I periodically traveled to such ponds in Serebryanoprudsky district. Small ponds according to the pristine ice are good in that they are heavily overgrown with algae, and here to find striped ones it is enough to find clean nickels of water free of vegetation. Particularly promising for fishing are areas located near a flowing source, carrying a fresh stream of water, on a flooded channel, where at least a slight current is felt. As for the roach, it often also keeps near the algae, individual driftwoods, on which it is still possible to find larvae, small crustaceans, and worms, according to the primordium. Sometimes a flock of roaches loves steep slopes, weakly silted or rocky-sandy tables near a channel, deep holes, and a steep bank. On some ponds, roach concentrations can be found near sandy beaches on a slightly dug bottom with small silt deposits.
Another noteworthy pond fish is gudgeon. It is known that its taste is appreciated by gourmets. For example, Peter I was very fond of Don minnows. There is a lot of gudgeon in settled ponds, that is, in those that have not been lowered for a long time. So, a lot of different-sized gudgeon was on the Middle Tsaritsyno pond before its recent cleaning. He was well caught on float and mormyshka fishing rods in the area of a vast beach, with several springs nearby. In general, minnows love flowing ponds with clean water and the presence of sites with a sandy bottom. Sand ponds are often replete with coastal springs and coastal springs, and here this fish keeps closer to the coast.
Another fish that loves ponds with clean running water and vast tracts of hard, slightly silted bottom is ruff. If the ruff in the pond is shallow – it can cause interest only for the novice fisherman. But, let’s say, on one of the ponds of the former Cuban fish farm a couple of years ago I was able to stably catch royal ruffs, the mass of which ranged from 100-150 g. These were real trophies! They say that an excellent ruff bites there now. The royal ruff is kept either singly or in flocks of just a few individuals. On the Cuban pond, along the pristine ice, we found it at a depth of about 2 m with a flat or slightly dug bottom. I had to drill a lot of holes before I stumble upon a welcome fish. On cascading ponds, ruffs and gudgeons often keep below weirs and dams, where there is always a noticeable course, and the bottom is hard rocky.
Rotan is also a very interesting topic. This fish is sometimes strongly bred even in very small ponds resembling large puddles. Surprisingly, catches on the first ice and here are rich. In the Oka floodplain near the Prioksko-Terrasny Reserve, there is one hollow that is flooded with water. So there you can catch rattan on mormyshka as much as you like. In many ponds near Moscow, rotan grows to a pound or more. I have been able to catch such ponds by the first ice on ponds studded with the remnants of the flooded forest (one such pond is located to the left of the Kashirsky highway near the Ring Road). On small forest ponds near Mikhnevo near Moscow, rotan pecks well in the primal ice at the border of horsetail and clean water. On some ponds I found a flock of rotans and caught them one by one from under the logs lying at the bottom or from under the trunks of trees that fell into the water. Often, rotans can be found near thickets of sedge and other algae.
Tackle and fish. Perch. The technique of playing with a mormyshka or “little devil” on ponds is not much different from the technique of catching perch in large bodies of water. Perch often pecks at a fast game with a minimum amplitude, but sometimes it suddenly shows activity only when you switch to a slow, measured game. It happens that a perch dares to take only a stationary mormyshka, located 1 cm from the ground. It has been observed that in the evening, large perch prefers a more delicate, more leisurely game of mormyshka with reeling of bloodworms. Awakening the bite of a pond perch can be very difficult. Usually, from the first to the third day after ice is established, it generally does not react to any bait and bait. Then it gradually departs, begins to bite, and after a week it fully adapts to winter living conditions. Faster, perch begins to show activity at depths from 4 to 6 m, but here it is more difficult to find and it can be risky to go out because reliable ice becomes later over great depths.
Last year in November, I caught on one of the ponds of the Tula region, famous for the abundance of perch. But in the narrow part of the pond, where the accumulation of measured whales was always noted on the first ice, numerous anglers missed almost without bites. Someone went further down the ice in search of fish, but the result was the same. Then I decided to look under the ice. He blocked the hole with his hand from bright light and, lowering the mormyshka to the bottom, began to observe the underwater world. Here, one perch and another approached the movements of mormyshka. Curious, they accompanied the bait wiring – up and down, but they didn’t want to take, no matter what I did. Even the non-nozzle mormyshka did not help, the wiring technique of which, besides me, was owned by several more people. But then I went to the deep-sea area with the tops of dried-up trees sticking out from under the water, and non-fishing fishing gave its results. One by one, I pulled out three frying perches on the ice, and when I discovered a couple of deep fishing points, I eventually caught a dozen and a half perches.
author: Goryainov A.G.
New Fishing Secrets (Complete Fishing Guide)
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