Despite the fact that the zherlitsa is very prey when fishing for a predator, few anglers tend to use it. There are perhaps two reasons: the need to constantly have a sufficient supply of live bait and the inability to quickly change the place of fishing, after the gear is placed. Nevertheless, when catching a large predator – pike or pike perch – there is practically no real alternative to the zergirla.
Currently, the two most common types of girders are the most common. The first is a plastic saucer with a removable coil and a flag. The second option is a design on a high wooden or metal stand with a folding coil and, of course, a flag. Each of these two main models has its advantages and disadvantages. A plastic saucer completely covers the hole, and even in severe frost a very small amount of snow is enough to prevent it from freezing.
It often happens, especially on the first and last ice, that there is no snow at all, and then girders of this design remain almost the only working option. The disadvantages include their too low position over the ice. In the middle of winter there is a lot of snow, and the illuminated flags are difficult to notice in time. The plastic, of which most models are made, is strong enough, but if you vigorously tap the ice frozen on the vents directly on the saucer, then for him it can become in the full sense of “last ice”. Most of the models currently sold are made in China. There are quite working designs, but there are also those in which the saucer is turned upside down. They should be immediately abandoned. On clear ice, even in light winds, they are torn off the surface. And in the cold, due to the tight fit of the plastic surface to the hole, they freeze very quickly.
Tall rack vents are good when there is a lot of snow on the ice of a pond. If it is not enough, then you have to use a special drill to drill a hole for the stand of the vents. Such gimlets are used for fixing wedges of fishing tents on the ice surface. The girders of this design are clearly visible even with an abundance of snow, but at the end of the season problems arise with them. The bright sun heats the stance, the ice melts around, and the strict vertical rows of barrages fall apart in different directions right before our eyes.
When catching pikeperch, as well as perch, it is better to abandon any leash altogether: when using it, nibble is definitely worse. For a pike, a leash is not a hindrance, but you should not equip the vents with excessively rigid leashes like a guitar string. If during fishing by spinning they have almost no effect on nibble, then during winter toad fishing the difference is noticeable. The easiest option is a double loop from the fishing line, and for big lovers of leashes – ordinary soft tungsten, which sometimes does not even scare zander.
Where to put them
Each pond is individual. And if, for example, on one of the reservoirs pike is perfectly caught at a depth of up to 2-3 m throughout the winter, this does not mean that on the other, albeit similar, the same thing will be observed. Often in the same body of water, but in different parts of it, the predator behaves in completely different ways. So, for example, happening on the Vazuz reservoir. However, most often, a pike standing in shallow water at the beginning of winter, with an increase in ice, goes to depths of 6-8 m in order to return to the ground already on the last ice. Oddly enough, there is a plus for this for anglers. Indeed, the migration of a predator in a certain reservoir occurs from year to year according to one scenario. And for a person who constantly catches on this pond, it is easy to determine where, when and how to put the girders.
In an unfamiliar reservoir, things are more complicated. The main thing here is to know at least approximately the depth and location of the channel. Under these conditions, the most optimal pattern of arrangement of the female ventricles is as follows: the entire number of existing female ventricles is divided into three parts. The first part is placed in shallow water, the second in a dump, the third in the channel. Then, depending on the number of bites, the bulk of the vents are transferred to the desired depth. If the bed of the reservoir is deep enough, 10 meters or more, then the pike and large perch are likely to choose smaller places. Zander on reservoirs near Moscow will prefer depths of at least 5-6 m. In some reservoirs, it is kept in areas with a depth of 18 m, but not at the bottom, but 5-6 m from the ice. The reason for this behavior is not clear, but perhaps this is due to the movement of schools of fodder fish – bleak or tyulka.
This year, my friends and I decided to develop an unfamiliar area of the Vazuz reservoir. Here, as we have learned, there is a pronounced channel part and wide shallow watering. There is no good access to water in that place, but we ventured to break into the Niva directly through the fields. As a result, they drove almost without problems along the frozen ground and low snow almost to the very shore. Having found the riverbed, we decided on the depth and began to set the girders in the place where, judging by the coastline, there should have been a pit. Several pieces were left at two meters, and most were located on a dump, at a depth of 6-7 m. The dump turned out to be rather sharp, with steep edges at the places where the streams flow into the main channel. The last four flags were set at an 8-meter depth, almost on the channel.
I went to the bay, where I tried to catch live bait fish in reserve, but instead of the little things I found a flock of good roach three meters away, which simply did not allow the mormyshka to fall to the bottom. While I was having fun with roach fishing, the first flag caught fire and Sergey, my regular partner, pulled out a pike by one and a half kilograms. Zherlitsa stood at five meters. The following girders worked on two and seven meters: pike 0.7 and 2 kg. Since there was no luck with small roach in this place, I had to catch sailors. As it turned out, as live bait, they were not inferior to the roaches. Most of the bites were just on the perch. The mother “mother” also pecked at the perch, and she took it in an unusual way. It turned out like this. Bites from the depths occurred more often and the pike was caught larger, so we decided to rearrange the girders from shallow water to the channel. Sergei drilled a few holes, and we, taking a pair of zerglovits, began to install them. Preoccupied with my own business, I did not see what was happening behind me. I only heard Sergey’s exclamation: “Imagine, I took it from my hand!”
I ran up and saw how he was quickly winding the fishing line from the coil of the vents, giving the slack outgoing fish. But she did not think to stop. When only a couple of meters remained on the reel, it became clear that the fish would not stop and would not turn the prey in its mouth. Sergey energetically hooked and immediately smiled: “Something serious!” A minute of fighting – and a pike at the hole. In such a situation, the main thing is not to rush and try to direct it precisely with your nose into the hole. On the first attempt, this was not possible, and the pike quickly took five meters of fishing line, but gradually got tired and stopped. The return journey began. Finally a pike head appeared in the hole. Sergey grabs her and slowly drags through a hole with a diameter of 130 mm. The fish is on ice, and there is no less than 6 kg in it. Next to it, a previously caught 700 g pike seems to be fry. I’m going back to my hole to finish with the installation of the zerglen, and Serega rises and slowly walks to the next flag, which, slamming loudly, fluttered in the cold January wind.
author Alexander FROLOV