Perch

Perch is one of the most common and extremely voracious fish. This is a schooling fish. Eyes with a yellow-orange iris and a dark large pupil. 5-9 dark transverse stripes are located along the body. The ventral, posterior and caudal fins are bright red, the pectorals are yellow. The first dorsal fin is gray with a black spot at the end, and has several spiny rays. There are two types of perch that are found everywhere: small perch is a slowly growing, known as “grass” perch, which in the third year of life reaches a mass of 20-30 grams, but already has the ability to spawn. Its maximum weight rarely reaches 60 grams.

It is distinguished by a darker color and a large, rapidly growing “deep” perch leads a gregarious way of life. At the age of four, it has a mass of 80-100 grams, in favorable conditions it reaches a mass of 1.5-2 kg. The large perch is slightly humped and does not reach great length. Spawns at a water temperature of 7-8 ° C during floods. The best biting period is April, May after spawning, when the so-called zhor-intensive feeding begins. Perch feeds only during daylight hours. It bites better in the morning, if it’s warm – at dawn. It happens that small and medium-sized perches actively take bait all day long. It also bites greedily at the end of summer, when it hunts for grown fry.

Favorite bait. At a young age, it feeds on crustaceans, caviar of other fish, fry, bloodworms. A favorite dish of medium and large perch – small fish bites well on worms, caddis flies, leeches, willingly takes maggots, fish eyes, and animal entrails. Does not bite on plant-based baits.

Amateur fishing equipment. It is caught on most fishing tackle: a float rod, spinning rod, mugs, girders, on a jig and a spoon, on a track During the biting period, it takes the bait greedily, most often at once.

Habitat. On the lakes he likes to stay among the reeds, under the leaves of water lilies, in overgrown and coiled places, from where it goes to the shallows and to the gentle banks to hunt for fry. On rivers it lives in calm waters: in backwaters, oxbows, in bays, under steep banks, where the current is weak. On a sunny day, in clear water, you can watch a flock of perch chasing a small fish. In such places, the fry fly out of the water into the air and even are thrown ashore.

Catching perch on the track

Perch are usually caught on the path when catching other fish, but they can be caught on purpose.

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Fishing places. In spring, perch lives on the slopes of holes: small things – in shallower ones, “humpbacks” – in deeper places. At this time, you need to use one heavy spoon and a small wobbler or sensitive “petals”. Starting from the second half of June, perch schools pursue prey at morning and evening dawn in the area of ​​clay soil, rocky shoals and steep rocky and rocky shores, at the very coastline. At this time, small wobblers should be placed in front of the track, and small “spoons” or “petals” that do not twist the line should be placed at the back. In the fall, the perches descend into deeper places again. The method of catching them is the same as in the spring. Any boat speed.

Perch is a schooling fish. Where one took, there is usually a flock, often a small area, in the area of ​​which you should circle several times. It may happen that at the same time on each bait a perch will flutter. In order not to miss them, you should use a landing net. Pike or ide may accidentally be caught in the lakes during trail fishing. If caught with good tackle, random luck can become permanent.

Fishing for perch on a spinning rod

Perch quite often comes across on spoons when fishing for shook. In those reservoirs where there is a lot of perch, it should be caught on a light spinning rod, for example, one-handed, with a lighter line and leash.

Bait. The best perch lures are various fast spinning lures. Fishing with oscillating spoons is somewhat worse, although large fish take them better than the first ones. It has been established that for successful perch fishing, regardless of the bait system, the anchor should be painted with red paint, and on spinners, the plumage should be of red or brown feathers. On the river, you need to fish with the same spinners as in stagnant reservoirs, but if on the lake they catch almost from above, then on the river it is better to lead the spinner closer to the bottom.

Fishing places. On a fast course, perch is rarely caught, since it is kept mainly in the middle course.
Bite time. Good perch fishing begins about a month after spawning and continues until almost freezing.

Rescue. The perch takes very carefully and often accompanies the spoon to the boat. When the perch caught on the lip, he tries to get rid of the hook, and if you drive it at high speed, he tears off a piece of his lip. Large perches are not often seen. It is not easy to catch a perch weighing more than 1 kg. It behaves almost in the same way as a pike: it goes deep into the depths with great speed. He does not jerk or jerk, but smoothly, but strongly presses on the rod.

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Fishing for perch with fishing rods

In spring, perch stays in shallow places with a sandy bottom and a moderately fast current; at this time he is constantly caught with the gudgeon. The bite starts at about seven o’clock in the morning and continues until sunset; perch rarely takes at night. It is caught on a worm (earth or dung). Worms are usually planted one at a time, but they are also successfully caught on a bloodworm brush; perches take worse on a crawling worm. By summer, the perches go to deeper places, which only leave from 12 noon to 16 or 17 pm. During this period of time, it can be found in the poloi. near reeds, etc. You can fish all day long.

Fishing tactics. They hunt for perch in several ways. In summer, the most common fishing with a float rod for a worm. They fish simultaneously with two or three rods. The perch takes resolutely and greedily, deeply swallowing the nozzle. However, this is not always the case. On a weak current or in a pond with stagnant water, they fish with a winter spoon from a boat in a plumb line. Slowly moving downwind boats will flash near the bottom. If the wind is driving the boat quickly, a small weight dragging along the bottom is lowered.

Hooking and playing. When fishing a perch with a float, no matter what the nozzle is, it should be hooked as soon as the float is completely hidden under the water. When snaking without a float, it is necessary to wait for a pull for a sweep, which is very easy to distinguish from the tapping preceding it.

Fishing for perch in circles

The circles successfully catch perch of different ages. When the mugs float over the flock of perches, a very lively and interesting fishing begins. The grips follow one after the other, the circleman has to hurriedly go around several simultaneous flips.

Mug snap. For catching perches, it is better to use circles with a diameter of about 8-10 cm and 2 cm thick. Such small circles turn over more easily, and the small live bait used for fishing cannot make false inversions, as is the case when fishing for pikes with a large live bait. The perch circle is equipped with a main line and a leash, their thickness is 0.3 and 0.2 millimeters, respectively. With a reservoir depth of six meters for fishing in half-water or in the upper layers, the length of the line should be at least 25-30 meters, and the length of the leash should be at least 6 cm.When fishing in the upper layers of water during the hunt for perch, when he is full and takes live bait sooner by inertia, a tee or a tee and a single hook are used, it is possible to use two tees.

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Bait. The best live baits are small roach, rudd, minnow. Can be caught with any live bait with silver scales. Large perch in some bodies of water takes very good on small ruff. You should not put too small live bait (fry), as it will often take “grass” perch weighing up to 100 g. In spring, a crawling can serve as a nozzle. During a strong zhora, the perch greedily takes even pieces of fish, but with such a nozzle there will be more empty inversions than with bait bait.

Fishing places. Medium and large perch stay near the snags, among the snags and large trees that have fallen into the water. When fishing for perches in spring and autumn, circles should be allowed so that the live bait is no higher than 50 cm from the bottom; in the summer, when the perch comes out to fatten in the upper layers of the water, the descent can be done 1 m and higher.

Bite time. Perch is caught from the beginning of the fishing season until its end. The peak of activity is in June-July, but if the weather is favorable, you can achieve success right up to freezing. Perch always begins to take no earlier than 8-9 o’clock, sometimes the bite is shifted by 10-11 o’clock, in dark places or in cloudy weather – at an even later time. It passes with equal success during daylight hours until the first dusk.

Sweep. When fishing for perch, you need to quickly drive up to the inverter and hook not very sharply, since the hook easily sticks into the fleshy mouth of the fish. The perch has weak lips, which can be torn with a very sharp cut. For perch, live bait is typical. When fishing for perches, the angler should always be close to the floating circles so as not to be late with the hook. At the same time, you should not be afraid to scare away the fish, since the perch is careless, and the proximity of the boat does not frighten him.