Open water perch fishing

Areal. Widely distributed in water bodies of the European and Asian parts of Russia. When you ask an experienced spinning player if there are many worthy perches on his account, he shrugs his shoulders or pretends not to hear the question. Indeed, not every one of us can be proud of record trophies, the weight of which was at least close to two kilograms. A large perch is a great rarity these days, since we do not allow it to grow to the condition indicated by nature. In general, however, we have to deal mainly with perches from 70 to 250 g. And when we call this predator “omnipresent”, then most likely we mean just such specimens. Perch in our water bodies is usually diurnal, although it avoids bright sunlight. This fish is thermophilic, but not so much as not to react to such a natural phenomenon as water stratification.

For each season, the behavior of the striped robber will be different, and this, of course, we must take into account when fishing with a spinning rod. Large individuals, as a rule, hunt alone, smaller ones sometimes huddle in numerous flocks, giving no mercy to small fish. With a poor food base of the reservoir, perches, like pikes, are pronounced cannibals, exterminating their own juveniles. And if you find yourself in such a body of water, the fishing can be fantastic. In particular, I had to catch this “greedy” predator in some small ilmen located in the Volga delta. Usually, catching a good perch is not as easy as it might seem at first glance. At one time, I “shoveled” a lot of materials on the biology of perch – the most ubiquitous predator in our country, including Ph.D. theses, which remained available only to a narrow circle of ichthyologists. Anglers, deprived of scientific information, lose a lot in terms of acquiring skill, and especially when fishing with a spinning rod.

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Once on the shore, I got into a conversation with a young spinning player. It turned out that he has been fishing for five years. Perfectly equipped, using a fairly impressive set of modern lures, from branded lures to plastic fish and wobblers, my interlocutor, however, had a very vague idea of ​​the biology of the perch, which he decided to hunt that day. Without knowing the specific behavior of the perch in relation to a particular season, as well as its habits during the day, your chances of successful fishing are likely to be small. Except for those moments when, purely by chance, you can find yourself in the place of a fattening flock.

What are these features? In the spring, for example, shortly after the opening of water bodies, the pre-spawning movement of perch begins. In lakes and reservoirs, he leaves winter shelters, concentrating in traditional places of spawning grounds. As a rule, these are coastal areas where there are snags and aquatic plants, estuaries of rivers and streams, as well as shallow waters, hillocks and similar places far from the coast. Here we must look for it, offering bait depending on the degree of transparency and illumination of the water. In rivers, perch rises upstream, but even here it is grouped at this time in places suitable for spawning. In summer, the situation is somewhat different. The spawned perch for some time adheres to the places where it spawned, and then scatters throughout the reservoir in search of an accumulation of food fish and other living creatures.

After the establishment of hot weather, one should take into account the fact that in stagnant and low-flow reservoirs, its behavior is largely determined by such a concept as a thermocline, when water stratification into cold and very warm water occurs. In this situation, the perch chooses the water horizon where it feels more comfortable. Finding this horizon with an echo sounder is your first priority. In autumn days, perch behaves, perhaps, the most active, with the exception of prolonged rains and sharp cold snaps. Practice shows that this predator can be caught up to freezing. Moreover, the closer to winter, the deeper it is, where the water does not cool as sharply as in shallow waters. At this time, mainly deep-sea lures are used to catch it.

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To enjoy fishing and to feel confident, the first thing you need to have is a good quality tackle. A fairly soft carbon fiber rod, 2.5-3 m long, plus a light class spinning reel that can hold up to 100-150 m of line with a diameter of 0.200.22 mm, is the best option for most conditions. Of course, in purely perch areas you can use thinner line, which greatly increases the chances of success. The tackle assembly should be light and maneuverable. At the same time, one should not forget that larger predators often coexist next to the perch: pike, pike perch, asp. If you suspect the presence of a big-toothed robber who willingly grabs perch lures, my advice is to put on a thin metal leash like “steel silk”.


There are a lot of perch lures. Go to any modern fishing store – eyes run wild. Therefore, you will clearly define for yourself which of them and in what quantity you will need for specific reservoirs that you most often visit when hunting for perch. It is not out of place to take into account the tastes of the local “striped” ones, since they may not coincide in different reservoirs. But you will have to start with the obligatory gentleman’s set, which is based on small and medium-sized oscillating and spinning spoons, twisters, vibrotails, floating and sinking wobblers, plastic worms, foam rubber and rubber fish, mini-jigs imitating various amphibious creatures, etc. In addition, the set should always contain non-catching lures, as well as combined and tandem versions.

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As far as I have noticed, many anglers begin to fish the area they like using “rotary rollers”. This is one of the stable stereotypes, since these lures are most tested by our spinning players, who regularly appear with articles in periodicals. Please understand me correctly. I myself consider these lures, especially those from Mepps, to be the most convenient and promising. During the posting of the “spinner”, the angler does not require any special specific manipulations with the tackle, since this lure “works” by itself and so well. With a floating wobbler, for example, everything is different. In the process of posting, you will have to make him walk impressively in the upper layers of water or “pretend” to be a wounded fish, which is an easy prey for a predator. And this requires much more skill of the spinning player, and therefore, fishing is already becoming more like an art.

Perch are especially fond of red, yellow and white colors – you can use this factor when equipping a tee with baubles, bristles, feathers, cambric and similar materials. With a weak bite, such spinners are preferable. If the perch goes into shallow water, it is not as difficult to catch it as at depth. But there are times when at the beginning of fishing you have to change the bait every 5-10 casts, varying their size and color.

author V.A. Kazantsev
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)