Search for a promising fishing spot
The Ob fish, which may in principle be interested in fly fishing, are grouped in dense schools in relatively small areas. Sometimes so small that the search has to be carried out not only along the entire river, but also within the limits of one river or another promising place. If for some reason the fish "crawled" along the reaches, then this means, taking into account the Ob spaces, that it does not seem to exist at all.
During the search, two things are put at the forefront, the first of which is required, and the second is desirable:
1. Fish zhiruet only where there is a fry or large clusters of insects.
2. The fish adheres to all kinds of boundaries: depth and shallow water, fast flow and quiet water, ie contrasting places.
When fishing from the shore, flooded bushes are a great place. Especially if the water in them is not standing, if they are permeated by the current. Here there is always a fry, and a mass of insects (at all stages of development) and those who devour it all with pleasure. When the water drops, the coastal fish will be on all kinds of chippers. A lot of garbage spins behind the chippers, and with it dead and half-dead and not yet hatched insects.
A characteristic feature of the Ob is constant fluctuations in water level, which are caused not so much by weather (rain) or seasonal (flood, low water) influences, but by the presence of the Novosibirsk hydroelectric station. Daily daily water fluctuations, up to half a meter, affect the bite slightly. But if the water jumps so that in a short time it floods all small islands and shallow rifts or falls so that only sandy islands remain at the rises, then it is useless to wait for at least three days to bite. At this time, both the fry and the predator are, as it were, at a loss, lost in the vast expanses of the Ob. Fly fishing, as part of a consistent ecological chain, has no choice but to fall into confusion. A knowledgeable person stops searching, refusing fishing. But after 3-4 days, the fish finds new habitats and fatty animals, straying into compact, tight flocks. Having calculated these places, you can fish quietly for several days – until the next sharp change in level.
In the coastal zone, a level change is less painful than away from the coast when fishing from boats. But even here it’s not worthwhile to “dry the oars” for a long time – for all the drawbacks inherent in the northern rivers, they have one big plus. Winter is so long and summer is short, that the fish tries not to miss a single day of fattening. Even a change of weather is not an obstacle to this, even a change in the water level — it’s just that in the second case it is impossible to detect its accumulations in contrasting places, and this is the worst of all. In comparison, the “fish disease” when changing the weather is “baby talk”. In any case, I made a rule for myself – if I didn’t catch the fish, then I didn’t find the fish.
When fishing from a boat, catchy places are traditionally riffles. It is easiest to detect them visually – by the breakers coming from its crest. If you look at the river on a quiet morning, the surface of the water will not be smooth: something wrinkles here, and there are some kind of “folds”.
"Rolling" in the understanding of lovers of rafting on mountain rivers is something grandiose, with the assignment of a category of complexity. The “roll” in the understanding of a fly fishing is not necessarily something big, large-scale (see explanatory dictionary). It can only be one or several large boulders washed by a steady stream.
In life, everything is a little more complicated, and two more existing types must be added to the classical rifts:
1. A flat pressure ramp breaks down, through the ridge, into the depth (strazh), then the pit.
Water passing along the crest of the rift with great speed washed out a hole in the lower slope, in the language of the locus – “rootstock”, with a reverse downstream. In this pool there is a resting person, after the shoots to the upper bank the predator. Peaceful fish actively eats right above his head – in the Suvodi breakers and on its border with the main stream. If the roll of this type does not have a clearly defined, strong ridge (for example, created by a dredger), then, over time, the sands can creep into the pit, washing it out.
2. Pit, then Strezh. Those. the bottom of the pressure slope rises sharply, the current intensifies, the lower slope is weak or absent at all – the bottom goes horizontally. Such a roll occurs over the tops of the flooded islands, at the exit from deep holes. To detect this difference in depths, especially in high water, it is often possible only by the difference in currents created by him – the boat was floating quietly, and suddenly rushed quickly. It makes sense to start the engine, climb upstream again and drop anchor.
In a small amount, fish can be found a little higher and a little lower than a series that appeared from the water. Here, the number of fish is proportional to the size of the island. Drawing an analogy in increasing: there are large accumulations of fish on the top of the already large island and on the breakaway stream, between the stream and still water.
Many Ob islands are slowly "sliding" downstream and outwardly look as follows. The lower part (tail) is a gentle sandy cape, beginning to overgrow young poplar and talnik. The higher upstream and closer to the middle of the island, the shoots become higher and a developed undergrowth of sea buckthorn, rose hip, currant, etc. appears. impassable shrub. The crown of the island is always a ravine washed away by floods, crowned with old, knotty trees. Every spring, the islands lose several of these "old-timers" who, having sunk, settle here, behind the break-off jet. The islands “creep out” lower, while the semi-washed up, “horned” logs that have strengthened at the bottom create excellent conditions for fish, overgrown with feed and knocked down the course. Trees, whose roots still cling to the ravine, with their fallen crowns also create a concentration of fish: dace, roach, perch, as well as large pikes in the lower horizon.
There are other islands with a very strong “makovka” – for example, the one that is located 2 kilometers below the Vyatka Pebble marina and gave it a name. These are rocky exits. But in any case, it is necessary to begin "reconnaissance in battle" from the upper tip of the islands. These are the most promising places, firstly, and secondly, when fishing from a boat, it will be easier to maneuver, rafting downstream.
The same is true on ordinary rifts – you need to anchor just above the ridge, 2-3 hulls of the boat above visible breakers. The first casts are made above the breakers, taking into account the current. Not finding fish, you can go down and “shell” the lower ramp, and then change the place. Ultimately, it is necessary to get up so that the angle of the wiring relative to the current at which the fly moves in its most optimal mode coincides with the school of a predatory perch or a peaceful ide. Now the success of fishing depends on how successfully the fishing point is chosen, how the boat is installed relative to the pack. Moreover, during the "working day" the situation may change: it’s better to take it on the guard, then above the crest, then in the pit, then again above it. It is possible to move within the limits of one roll using a motor, oars, an anchor (lifted – demolished – lowered) and a long anchor rope (to release, pull up, unscrew the motor and shift to the right or left). The first, with the help of a wound motor, is the most undesirable. That is why it is better to start fishing by rising above the riff. The method with a long rope is most successful, but it must be remembered that the boat should be on the main stream below the crest, otherwise it will mercilessly wind it around.
To be continued…
Great fishing for everyone!
The beginning is here: "Ob River", "In the beginning there was a fly", "Four conceptual approaches for fishing on the fly."
The article was finalized on 05.24.2020.
Sincerely, Sergey Shatalov.