"Hercules". At home, Hercules whole solid enough flakes are poured with boiling water and laid out on clean paper or a canvas towel, separating from each other. After they dry out and do not stick together, they can be placed in a box with holes. Fishing is even easier. The flakes are moistened with water from a reservoir, kept for several minutes in a damp, clean rag, and then laid out to dry on paper. Keep the prepared nozzle in the shade, making sure that it does not become acidic and does not dry out. Heavily dried flakes break when piercing them with a sting hook. To plant "Hercules" is desirable so that the petals are puffed in different directions. They catch roach, crucian carp, bream and other cyprinid fishes on this nozzle for a fishing rod and for the bottom with a rubber shock absorber.
"Zatiruha" (talker). The advantage of this vegetable nozzle is that it can be quickly prepared directly in the pond. 2-3 tablespoons of semolina are poured into a narrow mug (a cap from a thermos), filled with a small amount of water and brought to a viscous consistency with rotary movements of a wooden stick. Zatiruha is considered finished if, with stirring, it ceases to adhere to the walls of the mug. Depending on the tastes of the intended fish, sometimes a few drops of unrefined sunflower or anise oil, vanillin or other aromatic additives are added to the resulting mass, and then thoroughly knead with your fingers. The talker dries quickly in the sun and wind, so it’s best to store it in fishing in a plastic box with small holes in the lid. A correctly prepared nozzle keeps well enough on the hook, the sting of which, with a slight careful bite, is left open. In this case, there will be noticeably less empty hooks. In the middle lane, zatiruha successfully catch carp, bream, bream, roach, crucian carp and other fish.
Grains of cereals. They are used when breeding bream, roach, rudd, red bream, podust, ide and some other fish. To prepare the nozzle, take full, intact grains of oats, wheat, rye, barley. Before fishing, they are steamed in the same way as peas. It is convenient to use a thermos at the same time. The grains in it are poured with boiling water, drained of water and, having closed with a cork, stand them for some time. Fresh oats that have poured in but have not hardened are suitable for packing without steaming. They pierce them on a hook from the back for several pieces. Grains burst during preparation are used as bait.
Barley. The thoroughly washed No. 1 pearl barley (for the nozzle) is soaked for two hours in cold water and then simmered until the grains swell. Then the dishes are removed from the heat, covered with a towel and allowed to cool. Sticky broth with grains is washed off with cold water. Inside they must remain harsh. Welded barley is sprinkled on a blank sheet of paper and dried a little. You can add a few drops of vegetable oil to the finished cereal. One or several pieces of barley are planted on the hook, depending on its size. They are used when fishing for roach, crucian carp, ide, scavenger, breeding and other fish.
Peas. Wrinkled grains are taken, soaked for about half a day in salted water. Then fill with fresh water, salt and put on fire. After boiling, the bowl of peas is transferred to a large bowl in which the water has just been heated, and boiled in this steam bath until the peas are soft (usually after an hour or more). Peas must remain intact, not burst with light pressure. When using old peas, they add a little baking soda instead of salt to speed cooking. Peas are hooked onto hook No. 5-8, passing a sting under the skin so that it protrudes slightly. You can use canned peas. Almost all non-predatory fish are caught on this nozzle.
Pea dough. An excellent nozzle for angling carp fish – ide, bream, carp (carp) and others. Cooking it is not difficult. Green grains are removed from peeled peas. Then it is soaked for half a day, washed and, pouring fresh water, put on fire. After boiling, the dishes with peas are transferred to a spacious container with boiling water and steamed until the peas are completely boiled, turning into a thick mass. It is cooled and a little crushed sunflower meal or oil is added. When fishing from pea dough, nibble off pieces that are well kneading and put on a hook.
Beans They serve as a good attachment, especially for carp. They are steamed like peas with a pinch of soda to speed up this process. Grains are planted on the hooks of the bottom fishing rods, having slightly released the sting out.
The crumb is bread. A piece of wheat bread is first moistened with water (preferably from a pond where fish is caught), and then thoroughly knead with your fingers. For aroma, a few drops of unrefined sunflower oil can be added to it. Small spools of bread are pushed onto the hook, pulling the sting out a bit. For bread nozzles choose short hooks. Bream, carp, roach, crucian carp and other, mainly carp, fish are caught for bread.
"Greenery". If you find a green mass in the gut of a caught fish, it means that it actively feeds on filamentous algae, which the fishermen call shortly – “greens”. You can dial it on snags, pitfalls, piles, where there is at least a slight current. The fish tastes more like a young short seaweed with a cucumber smell. When fishing, keep it in a damp cloth. A double loop of a thin strand of greenery is tightened on the bend of the hook No. 2.5-3.5 and the ends are cut off. The nozzle is allowed to flow. On some rivers there are periods when roaches, rudd, dace and other fish are taken only for greens. Better results can be achieved if the hook is painted green.
Balabukha. A nozzle for fishing bream, carp, and other cyprinids, popular among Ukrainian fishermen. Prepare her like that. Grains from several small ears of corn are soaked in cold water for 3-4 hours. Then the water is replaced and cooked over low heat for about two hours, often stirring to prevent burning. Cooked corn is passed through a meat grinder and kneaded cool to obtain a sticky-like mass, which is desirable to flavor with linseed oil immediately before fishing.
Semolina. This popular nozzle can be prepared relatively quickly at home and in camping conditions. In a small bowl, better enameled, 2-3 tablespoons of semolina are poured. Its layer is leveled and filled with water so that the entire semolina becomes wet. Then the bowl is put on low heat (while fishing – on hot coals). After the bottom layer is cooked, the semolina “pancake” is turned over on the other side, after pouring 0.5 tbsp. tablespoons of water. After 2-3 minutes, remove the dishes from the fire, cool the porridge, then carefully knead and add aromatic substances. In another case, dry semolina is moistened with water, placed in a gauze bag, tied tightly and dipped in boiling water. Cook until tender. With this method, you need to take into account that the semolina swells greatly, so the bag should be slightly spacious. It is not recommended to dilute the prepared porridge with water, as well as add dry cereal to it. Almost all cyprinid fish are caught on the semolina.
Pasta. They are cooked on low heat until elastic and recline in a colander. After the water drains, the pasta is slightly dried and cut into pieces 2-4 cm long. They are mounted on a hook in the same way as worms. The pasta, flavored with sunflower, hemp or other oil, is mainly caught by donor anglers.
Cake. As a nozzle, it is better to use hemp cake, but sunflower cake is also suitable – the main thing is that it is fresh. Previously, it is boiled over low heat. Add a little flour and knead to a pasty state. Attach to the hook in the form of balls or oblong spools. You can use the cake and in dry form, sawing cubes from it with a rib length of 10-15 mm. There are several ways to plant dry cake.
The first. Putting the hook on a flat surface of the cube, you need to wrap it 2-3 times with elastic, pulling it slightly and making sure that the elastic does not lie in front of the hook tip, but presses it to the plane of the cube. Tuck the end under the hook, for which slightly raise it with a fingernail or the tip of a knife. The hook then firmly presses the end of the gum. Cut off the excess piece of gum, leaving the end no more than 5-7 mm. Cutting needs a sharp, energetic. When biting, the fish will take the meal in the mouth and grip it; at the time of hooking, the hook will move, free from the gum and reliably detect the fish.
Second. In the middle of the cube, a hole is drilled into which a hair thread is stretched (as when fishing for boilies). If you do not want to bother with drilling holes, you can bandage the cube crosswise with a thin silk thread of dark color and already attach the “hair” to it.
Catch on cake mainly large carps and carp.
Potatoes. For the nozzle use the youngest smallest potato that appears shortly after flowering tops. Boil it in a peel, in slightly salted water, almost until ready. Put on the hook in cubes or pieces, hiding the sting in the pulp. Carp, carp, barbel and other cyprinids take well on this nozzle. Mashed potatoes are also used as bait and bait.
Millet porridge. Part of the cooked porridge for bait is ground, and then kept in a tightly tied bag under a press, so that it becomes pressed. In another case, they take a small metal jar with a lid, which is approximately half filled with washed millet and added to the top with water. After that, the jar is tightly closed with a lid and, tied up with twine crosswise, placed in a bowl with boiling water. The porridge is cooked over a quiet fire for 1.5-2 hours, after which it is removed and allowed to cool. Thanks to this method, it is self-sealing. Before fitting onto the hook it is cut into cubes or crushed into balls. Experienced anglers in millet porridge mix carefully crushed cake, ground (peeled and fried) sunflower seeds, anise oil or other aromatic additives.
author: Kazantsev V.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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