Earthworms or earthworms. Universal and widespread nozzle, especially effective when stitching in the spring. As a rule, worms are easy to obtain, they hold well on the hook, and there is no particular trouble during storage and transportation. They can be harvested for future use, including for the winter. Chopped worms are used as an additive to various bait and bait. In the spring after ice melts, flood waters, as well as rain streams, carry earthworms into water bodies, and the fish are familiar with them. At this time (end of April – May) worm fishing can be very successful. Moreover, they take not only "pacifist fish" on him, but also outright predators. It happens that pike, zander, asp, chub, not to mention burbot, is also not averse to diversify their usual menu.
Creep out. For predators, a creep is best suited – an earthworm reaching a length of 30 cm. You can find it in the soil of parks, gardens, in the greasy soils of gardens, on the edge of the forest. He is inactive, lives in holes, crawling out of them with the onset of darkness in the presence of dew or after a warm rain. They get crawled out at night with a lantern – they are not afraid of its light. However, they approach the mink carefully, trying not to make noise. Noticing the worm, they quickly take it by the head, and then, slowly and carefully so as not to tear it, they pull it out of the shelter. It is best to keep collected crawls while fishing in a canvas bag with wet moss. If longer storage is required, they are placed in a wooden box with the soil from which they were taken. The soil is periodically watered, and the worms are fed with cottage cheese and bran. Many cyprinids are willing to crawl away.
Muckworm. Of all earthworms, it is considered the best nozzle of a reddish-yellow color, sometimes with a sharp specific smell. On the hook, especially at first, it is very mobile, which attracts the inhabitants of the water depths. It reaches a length of 4-6 cm. Lives, as a rule, in colonies in heaps of overripe manure, in landfills near livestock yards, in hotbeds, half-rotten straw and other similar places. When fishing, it is best to store dung beetles in a linen bag or wooden box with small holes in the lid, protecting from exposure to sunlight. These worms are harvested for the future, while being kept in wooden boxes with soil, which is mixed with overripe manure.
Just do not forget to feed them (bran, cottage cheese) and at least occasionally pour water. The container must be closed with a lid with small holes or turf (grass up), as these moving worms quickly spread, especially in the rain. One or several small worms are planted on the hook (for example, when fishing for a bream). Moreover, it was noticed that large fish are best taken on a bunch of wriggling dung worms. This is a good nozzle for fishing carp, ide, chub, crucian carp and other fish.
White earthworm. Sometimes it is also called arable land. In length reaches up to 15 cm, inactive. Lives on arable land, in a soddy layer of earth near damp places, as well as on the banks of water bodies. After long rains in many, it comes to the surface, and then picking up these worms is not difficult. Used when fishing for many cyprinids.
Zheleznyak. Strong earthworm, well kept on a hook, lives in clay soils. Usually, iron ore is collected during excavation work in vegetable gardens or mined specifically with a shovel. It is used when catching many fish.
The leaf. If on the way to the pond you see a fragment of a board or stone, turn them over – there you will find moving red earthworms with a rainbow-purple tint that strive to quickly hide in the ground. These are the leaflets. You can also find them under last year’s foliage in parks and gardens, among compacted debris, under clear straw, etc. Many fish are well taken on the leaf, but his skin is weak, and he easily breaks both when hooked and during the bite.
Smelly crayfish. Crayfish molt several times during the summer. Usually the beginning of molting coincides in time with the flowering of rye. Crayfish are mined with the help of ratchets and manually. By illuminating the bottom of the night with a flashlight, they can be found in the coastal zone among aquatic plants. Small whole crayfish bait on the hook through the eye into the neck, hiding the sting. Large crayfish use pieces of meat. It’s better to catch crayfish at night.
Seashells. Chub, crucian carp, perch, eel and other fish are caught on mollusk meat (perforated fish, toothless, dacianes), as well as pond shells. These nozzles are most attractive for fish in the second half of summer, when the shell body is filled with caviar. The above mollusks live on the soft soil of rivers and lakes. Prudoviks are collected on hard aquatic plants, leaves of water lilies. It is advisable to bite pieces of their meat on dark hooks, hiding the sting in the muscle of the mollusk. Sometimes opened shells before hanging on a hook are slightly dried in the air. Store this nozzle in fishing jars with water or in wet moss.
Frogs. Small frogs are easy to collect along the banks of rivers, lakes, ponds, in shady and damp places. This is an excellent bait when catching chub, ide, burbot. They also take pike and catfish on them. The frogs bait on dark hooks so that they remain alive. Frogs (when catching large predators) are planted on double hooks or a snap of two or three hooks.
Leech. Most often, a leech of a dark brown or black color, the so-called klepsin, is used as a nozzle. You can find it on the underside of the leaves of water lilies, among the coastal thickets of pond, reed. Another leech, herpobella, also attracts many fish. It is reddish-brown; small – softer than klepsin. They are looking for her under stones, on marshes, snags, among the sunken shrubs and underwater debris. Keep leeches in a jar of water, preferably from the reservoir where they are taken. It is best to make a leech by hooking it in the middle of the body. It is noticed that large fish (perch, carp, crucian carp, etc.) are more likely to take on the lobe from small leeches. This attachment holds on the hook very firmly.
Shrewd. Larva of brook lamprey. The development period lasts several years. Lives in areas with silty-sandy bottom in many rivers and streams, feeds on detritus and small algae, grows up to 10-16 cm in length. The body is round, spindle-shaped, gray-bronze in color, the mouth is a suction cup. The pickaxe is quite agile, able to quickly bury itself in the bottom soil. They get it by taking silt with a bucket and then washing it. Sometimes coastal sand is literally filled with larvae. In this case, the desired number of them can be easily dialed with a shovel. They put a quick lock on the hook, turning the sting into the mouth and leading it behind the head into one of the gill openings. It is used when fishing for predatory fish, in winter – a good attachment when fishing for burbot. Other names: piskava, blind loach, eared, spindle.
Clam. Invertebrate soft-bodied animal, usually without an internal skeleton, covered by a conch. As a nozzle, anglers use pieces of clam meat with muscle.
Goby caviar. Siberian fishermen often successfully catch grayling and medium-sized lenok on the calf of a bullhead. This small fish, inhabiting many water bodies, lays (three times a year) eggs under the stones in the form of dense tiles of yellow or pink color. Fishermen, wandering into the water, turn over stones and strip off caviar tiles from them. It can be used immediately as a nozzle, however, for greater strength, caviar is sometimes poured with boiling water.
Red caviar. When catching local fish, especially grayling, Far Eastern fishermen use red salmon caviar as a nozzle. There are several ways to cook it.
The first. Fresh caviar is laid out in a single layer on paper and kept at room temperature for 30-40 minutes. The nozzle is considered finished if the caviar ceases to stick to the fingers.
Second. The right amount of caviar is dipped in boiling, highly salted water for 3-5 minutes. When the eggs become elastic and when pressed with their fingers do not burst, but slightly absorb, they are placed in a jar.
Third. Caviar, rolled in flour, is laid out on a sheet of paper and, having separated the eggs from each other, is dried for 5-10 minutes, after which they are placed in a box with flour. Do this immediately before fishing.
author: Kazantsev V.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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