It so happened that the majority of Russian spinning players prefer spinning reels when choosing tackle. “Meat grinder” from the “right” manufacturer is easy to use, universal, does not require regular maintenance. In the eyes of our anglers, the multiplier reel remains exotic, an intricate toy, the lot of eccentrics or super-professionals. Practical information on baitcasting reels is scarce and scattered. It is unlikely to get practical, intelligible advice regarding their use from a sales assistant in a store. Therefore, I will try to fill this gap, based on my own experience of using multipliers.
Pros and cons
The older generation of spinning reels are familiar with inertial reels. There was no alternative to them 25-30 years ago. In the early 90s, the unkillable and simple, inertial coil, consisting of only a few parts, quietly and without a fight surrendered its positions to cheap inertialess from China, which then poured into our market in a wide wave. Today the bulky wheel of the “Nevskaya” makes young fishermen only smile. The spinning reel is versatile and easy to use. You can learn how to work with it in half an hour, and most importantly, it can do something that is inaccessible to an inertial coil – throw light baits far enough and accurately. Multipliers also have this advantage, but nevertheless they have not found wide recognition among our spinners. This is due to several prevailing myths, horror stories about the complexity and capriciousness of animators, about “beards” made of fishing line, about complex settings of brake systems and frequent shooting of baits.
Meanwhile, few people know about the advantages of a multiplier over a spinning reel. And they are obvious: with a low weight and dimensions, the cartoon has a thrust commensurate with a reel for carp fishing, allows you to use a cord or line thicker in diameter without losing the casting distance. Finally, the casting gear is better balanced and has better overall ergonomics. It is more sensitive and allows you to fish in strong crosswinds or waves.
Soap dishes and kegs
Multipliers are different. Roughly they can be divided into bait casting (from the English bait casting) and trolling. The latter have a reduced gear ratio in the main pair of gears and the index “W” in the designation (from the English wench – winch). For these reels, it is high traction and durability that are of priority. They have a large, roomy spool and an all-metal body. Beitcasting multipliers can be roughly divided by power into several classes – from “light” to “heavy”. Lightweight coils are presented, as a rule, by low-profile models, in common people called “soap dishes”. Models of the middle and heavy class have a classic round shape and the nickname “barrel” or “alarm clock”. This division is very arbitrary. “Soap dish” can have an integrated metal frame and a fairly serious power main pair of gears. At the same time, there are models of a classic shape, but with a light spool of small size and weight, confidently working with lures from 18 g. Indirectly, the power of the reel can be determined by the capacity and weight of the spool.
The multiplier in its design is fundamentally different from the spinning coil. This mechanism is more high-tech, requiring a high culture of production and a different class of precision in the manufacture of parts. The reel is assembled on a frame, it can be metal or carbon (for light economy class models), one-piece or combined. On the practical side, there is not much difference in this, but an all-metal frame made of aircraft-grade aluminum or magnesium alloy significantly increases the price of the finished product. The main element of the reel is the spool. She must have perfect balance and minimum weight. It is produced with the highest precision. Special requirements are imposed on the axial bearings of the spool: they are of very high quality, “high-speed”. The starting speed of the bait during casting reaches 40-60 m / s, while the spool rotates at a speed of 600-700 revolutions per second.
The power section of the multiplier, the so-called main gear, is represented by a pair of bronze gears installed in one plane (on ultra-light models, for the sake of weight, the drive gear can be made of hardened aluminum). Direct transmission determines the powerful traction characteristics of the coil and its long service life. In a spinning reel, the drive gear
has a complex tapered profile of teeth and works in tandem with a driven gear, installed perpendicular to it. It is quite difficult to achieve a perfect mating of teeth and a large working resource in this pair.
The main thing is the brakes
The friction brake at the multiplier is represented by a package of several washers assembled on the handle shaft. The drive gear is braked directly, which does not have a rigid connection with the handle shaft, therefore, exceeding the braking force (when using a thick cord) does not lead to the destruction of the reel mechanism. In addition to the friction brake, any multiplier has two adjustable braking systems. They are necessary to absorb the excessive inertia of the spool rotation at different phases of casting the bait. There is nothing complicated about them. The main system is axial. Absolutely all multipliers have it and is realized by continuously adjustable increase in the load on the end face of the spool axis. Setting this brake allows you to avoid unwinding the spool too quickly in the initial and final phases of casting. Technically, the setup is very simple: after hanging the bait of the required weight, we release the spool, tightening or releasing the axial brake screw, and we achieve the absence of line runs on the spool when the bait falls free to the ground from a height of 1.0-1.5 m.This is usually done one or two times for fishing.
Multipliers also have a dynamic braking system: the higher the spool speed, the greater the braking force is exerted on it. The goal is to adjust the spool rotation speed depending on the bait’s flight speed. The correct setting of the dynamic brake allows you to achieve the ideal ballistic trajectory of the lure flight without losing casting distance and ditching the line or line. The dynamic braking system is of two types: centrifugal and magnetic. The first one consists of several disconnectable weights fixed on the spool radially, sliding along the circular metal frame of the frame. By turning them on or off from work, you can change the braking force exerted on the spool. Magnetic dynamic braking systems are represented by a series of magnets located at different distances from the spool end. By moving them closer or further away by adjusting, we change the braking force exerted on the spool.
Which system is the best? Magnetic allows you to adjust the braking force by a switch located at the end of the coil; centrifugal requires partial disassembly of the coil for this to turn off one or more inertial weights from operation. Models with external centrifugal brake adjustment are still expensive exotic. The magnetic system is more convenient in operation, but it is effective with lures of light weight. If the weight of the baits exceeds 40-50 g, the centrifugal system is preferable: it allows you to work with any scales. There are models of multipliers with brake systems of both types, but they have not received much distribution. Recently, coils with an intelligent dynamic braking system have appeared. At Shimano, they have the DC index – digital control. The fisherman selects one of the eight available presets, and the required slowdown is implemented by the electronic system according to the program laid down in it. Such toys are not cheap: for example, for Shimanov’s Calcutta conquest DC they ask from 22 thousand rubles.
Why does a multiplier need so many braking systems? A normal spinning reel costs one friction reel, but it has a completely different casting physics. If we conditionally exclude the air resistance exerted on the bait, the casting distance depends on the rigidity and thickness of the cord or fishing line, the diameter and quality of the guide rings, the quality of the side and the depth of filling the spool. In a multiplier reel, all other things being equal, the energy of the blank during casting is spent on spinning the spool and is accumulated by it in the form of energy of inertia of rotation. The resistance to rotation in the spool bearings is negligible, the friction of the cord against the guide rings is an order of magnitude less, the dependence of the casting distance on the thickness and rigidity of the line disappears. In the final phase of casting, when the acceleration of the lure ends, the spool’s energy becomes excessive and the dynamic braking system absorbs it, preventing overruns. A well-tuned and run-in cartoon throws the bait even further than the spinning reel. It is not for nothing that all world records for casting distance were set with a multiplier reel.
It is difficult to cover the broad topic of cartoons within the framework of a newspaper article. Long text, even without graphs and formulas, will seem boring to many, and the advantages of multipliers are unconvincing. In practice, everything is much simpler and more interesting, but this is the topic of the next article.