From my practice of catching perch in the winter, I concluded that with fast jets it can be successfully caught by the method of stepwise wiring, both on nozzles of natural origin and on artificial ones. Moreover, if my search for perch was unsuccessful, I always try to find a site with fast water and try fishing on the step. This often yielded unexpected results, and I returned home with a rich catch. The fact is that any fish that, for whatever reason, prefers to stay close to fast water, whether it is a section of scree, the place where the stream flows, or, for example, the place where the bypass pipe is drained from one dam to another, is always more active than the fish that live on more quiet areas. This is understandable. In fast water, the fish needs more strength to stay on course, here the water is more saturated with oxygen, and an increase in oxygen in any living organism always improves metabolic processes and, accordingly, the appetite of the fish.
I would like to warn you right away that there are often gaps in the places where the tributaries run into or overflow from the overflow pipes and it is dangerous to approach close to open water, so even in winter I often catch from the shore, using a 6-7-meter Bologna fishing rod with a hard whip for step equipment. The rod is equipped with access rings – I use rings from the match fishing rod – and a rather stiff nod from the wide plate of a special polymer. The reel is fly fishing, as it makes it easy to manipulate flying equipment. However, you can use wiring. Winter fishing line with a diameter of 0.15-0.16 mm. At the end of it there is a paternoster: a sinker (pear-shaped or some other shape) with a swivel, above which a hook No. 5-10 is attached to a leash 20 to 50 cm long, depending on the size of the proposed perch. On the hook (long forearm), a fry is planted behind the upper sky. It can be a fine roach, perch, bleak.
In the same way, in some rivers of the Moscow Region (for example, on Sturgeon in places of open water) in the winter they also managed to catch pike. Large specimens, however, did not come across, but, it was, my friend fished out a toothy under 2 kg. In the case of pike fishing, instead of a monofilament leash, you need to put a soft metal leash, best of all tungsten, woven from many fine threads, but it must be long enough so that the bait fish floats on it attractively. The casting of the bait is usually carried out not on the fastest stream, but on a quieter section of the swirl. Here, the fry likes to stay, feeding on nutrient particles, which carry the stream to the still water and where they begin to settle, and the fishes have the opportunity to pick up the food falling to the bottom. Knowing the places of concentration of the fry, a predator also comes here.
However, when fishing in the described manner, not only fry are used as bait. Perch and even a small pike can very well react to a worm, hooked in such a way that the ends hang down and move attractively during wiring. An ide or chub can also react to the worm, which by the end of winter begin to actively feed and often approach areas of influx of oxygen-enriched water. The paternoster falls to the bottom, and the fisherman with light pulls, tearing it off the ground and lowering it again, begins to move it towards the shore – along the water line or from fast water to quiet, as well as parallel to or oblique from the shore. In a word, you need to try posting in different directions, taking into account the strength and direction of the jets, since the predator, due to some circumstances, usually does not respond to all directions of movement of the bait. Bites occur when the bait is delayed or when it swims.
Sometimes you should try the bait planning game. It can be both fry and other bait. In order for the bait to fall more naturally, you need to have the appropriate fasteners on the equipment for a quick change of sinker. Accordingly, it will be a swivel and a carbine of suitable diameter. A set of interchangeable sinkers of various weights and shapes will allow you to choose the necessary load mass to give the correct game of bait in the water column. In my special box, in addition to traditionally equipped sinkers, there are also sinkers of a flat shape, on which a mounting bracket is mounted in the middle. This allows the sinker to properly lower with the tip of the rod, moving to the sides, which makes the bait attractive to play.
Perch can be kept both in the water column and at the bottom, singly or in a flock. Usually he prefers to be in the shade of some kind of shelter, if it is located nearby. In a shelter (bush hanging over the water, driftwood, grass edge), a pike can also stand. In addition to bait of natural origin, the described fishing method can also use artificial lures. I already once said that as a child, my friend and I quite successfully caught perch near a bypass pipe laid under a dam separating the two Tsaritsyn ponds. We had no lures, and we made the bait out of improvised material, fastening the foil from the chocolate to the hook with threads. A light loader was placed at some distance above the hook, and thus with the help of a small fishing rod, the equipment was thrown onto the sweep near fast water. Perch took home-made spinner for the top and pecked without hesitation. Later, in the field, such a homemade bait more than once helped me out.
By a similar method, perch and some other predatory fish are caught on small spinners intended for sheer spinning. It is also quite possible to use small vibro-tails, twisters, plastic worms. The artificial bait is lowered onto a fast stream and waiting for the current to carry it out to the still water, where a predator usually awaits a weakened fry. During the demolition of the bait, with their arms or pulls, they play along with it, then lowering it, then slightly raising it in the water column. Often in places of accumulation of fry, perch finds itself in bursts. For such fishing, lightweight, planning baits that can attractively play on the stream while holding the bait are most suitable.
It happens that in fishing shops it is difficult to choose the right spinner for such fishing, so you have to make the appropriate model yourself or upgrade purchased ones. The same applies to soft jig baits, which sometimes have to be cut, trimmed – in a word, formed accordingly. Vibro-tail or twister outwardly should resemble that fry, which is characteristic for this fishing area. The shape and weight of the jig head (usually no more than 3-7 g) should be proportionate to the strength of the water flow, taking into account its removal from a faster to a quieter stream. When lowering to the bottom, the angler should feel the bait in contact with the ground if it is necessary to carry out stepwise wiring.
The bites are felt in shocks in the bait, sagging fishing line or a feeling of light weight. The reliability of landing a perch on a hook depends on its activity. It happens that he grabs the bait reliably, but sometimes it only touches. If the perch has hooked thoroughly, there are no problems with fighting, if the predator is inactive and often clings to the edge of the lip, then fishing needs to be done not too fast and not too slow, otherwise the fish will break.
author: Goryainov A.G.
New Fishing Secrets (Complete Fishing Guide)
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