From the experience of fishermen, it is known that the bites of the rudd are very often accompanied by a kind of jabs and blows on the running spoon. In this case, the fish only plays without taking the bait. It is difficult to say why this is happening, perhaps you should more carefully select the type, size and color of the bait. When there are a lot of fish, several fish can pounce on one spoon, which is accompanied by a crush and frequent blows to the bait. Often, when hitting, the rudd is cut by the hook of the spinner for the outer part of the body. There are give, mainly in cool and cloudy weather, when the rudd sinks almost to the very bottom. At this time, wiring in the water column is practiced with sufficient submersion of the bait. The same applies to fishing with a float rod – a nozzle (mainly of animal origin) is lowered into the middle layers of water or to the bottom.
The bite of the rudd is very sure; only small two-year-old fish drag and pinch the bait, medium and large immediately grab the bait. When fishing from the bottom to the worm, the biting of the rudd has some similarities with the biting of the perch, but not so sharp – the float plunges once and then goes rather quickly to the side, under water. When catching with flies, the rudd also takes swiftly and sharply. Pull out the rudd carefully, since when fishing with small hooks, you can easily break off the mucous membrane of the palate. Large fish (about 400-500 g) should be held for a few seconds, in no case letting it into the grass. It must be borne in mind that the rudd, raised from the water, trembles strongly and therefore often breaks off at this time. When you throw it into a boat, it often does such a flip in the air that it often doesn’t go where it should be.
In terms of its vitality, the rudd is very good as a nozzle for catfish and pike, only you need to put it away from the grass, otherwise it will certainly get entangled in it. It happens that when fishing for rudd with light tackle in the coastal thickets, a pike sometimes clings. Here you need to be prepared for the fact that the sharp teeth of the predator will cut the thin line or the tackle will not withstand the load and break off. Catching rudd from the ice is somewhat similar to perch fishing. The only difference is that the preliminary search for its habitats is carried out visually – by external signs. You will not find this fish on a clean stretch in the middle of a lake or on an underwater ridge. Its element is aquatic vegetation. Look for an area where reeds, cattails, reeds, etc. grow, followed by a transition to underwater vegetation – these are places like rudd.
The depths at which the rudd is most often found are from two meters or less. At greater depths, aquatic vegetation is not so dense, and as already mentioned, this fish does not like clean places. Its main depths are 1.5-0.5 m. Moreover, it is kept exclusively in the water column and at the surface. It is very rare to observe the rudd near the bottom. Even when it feeds on underwater “caps” of algae, it can be seen in the middle of the cap and at the surface, but not at the bottom. The rudd is a pronounced schooling fish. She is almost never alone. In flocks, individuals of approximately the same size are concentrated. Their number can range from a few pieces to several dozen or more. In winter, when aquatic vegetation does not interfere with fishing so much, with a certain luck it is possible to attack a large flock. The reward will be a quick and big catch.
Tackle for catching rudd is an ordinary, winter fishing rod with a jig, on which bloodworms and other animal attachments are mounted. The fishing line is chosen thinner – 0.08-0.14 mm – depending on the size of the fish that dominates in the conditions of a particular reservoir. A flexible, resilient whip of a fishing rod, capable of dampening the jerks of even large fish, saving the line from a cliff, will be a good help. Moreover, the rudd takes, as a rule, half-water, so it has a way to accelerate and jerk. There are also several peculiarities in playing rudd. Raising a solid, strong fish from a half-meter depth is not an easy task. With a lack of experience, cliffs are at first inevitable. But if you do not tighten the bobbin lock on the fishing rod to the stop, then it will be possible to release part of the line in time, thereby preventing breakage.
Fishing in winter, as well as in summer, is active. If the fish does not take in one meta, we go and look for it in other holes, it will not be possible to sit on the box for long. A very useful thing when fishing for rudd in winter is the cut, because you will have to catch in the reeds and thickets of last year’s grass. So hooks are also quite common here, but they are not as unpleasant as in summer. The rudd is afraid of noise. Therefore, it makes sense, upon arrival on the ice, to immediately drill a lot of holes in different places that are typical for the habitat of the rudd. Then, in the process of searching and catching fish, change the holes as often as possible, very quietly approaching and clearing the next, already finished hole. The noise of the fishes being fished can also scare away the school. When the bite is weakening, it makes sense to quickly test the adjacent holes, where the fish could move, moving away from the noisy place. The most cautious is the large rudd. The key to a big catch can only be the maximum silence, plus the darkening of the finished holes.
As in summer, in winter the rudd also loves warm weather. It is best to catch it during a long, well-established thaw. Then she bites both in cloudy and sunny weather throughout the day. The rudd spawns very late, almost simultaneously with crucian carp and tench – at the end of May or in June, when the water reaches a temperature of 15 ° C. In males, at this time, granular warts appear on the head and back, and all rudds take on brighter colors. The female lays 90-230 thousand eggs. They keep in the grass, always on the sunny side and almost at the very surface of the water. The young rudd grows rather quickly and by autumn it already overtakes the young of the year roach, which hatched a month earlier. A year later, in July, the rudd is sometimes more than 4 cm long, and the two-year-old – up to 9 cm. The sexually mature rudd becomes in the fourth year of life. Its length at this time reaches 12-15 cm. However, the growth of fish is not the same in different conditions and reservoirs. Fish grows more slowly in ponds.