The main habitat of the rudd is the bays and oxbows of the rivers, as well as flowing ponds and lakes, where reeds, reeds and other aquatic plants grow in abundance. Here it is quite often found together with crucian carp, tench and bream. It is found far from everywhere There are places where it is very numerous, but somewhere it is very rare, for the most part it is up to 25 cm long and weighing about 400 g; larger ones are quite rare, and only in exceptional cases comes a rudd weighing up to a kilogram.
In quiet bays, especially with the help of binoculars, you can often see rudds swimming alone near the surface ^ not far from trees standing on the shore or just in clear water. Usually, in open water, there are not noticeably large flocks of rudd, and the size of rudd is smaller there than in dense thickets, besides, they move more. The main location and catching of rudd are grasses and windows in them. Knowing in which part of the reservoir the fish is kept, before starting to fish, you need to understand where exactly it stands and how actively it feeds. When the sun is shining brightly and rudds are feeding at the very surface of the water, they are easy to spot. In cloudy weather or with partly cloudy skies, the rudd drops a little lower, so you can no longer see it. In this case, the rudd can betray itself, for example, eating aquatic insects on the underside of the leaves of the water lilies: the leaves shake violently, launching circles, and move through the water. When the rudd feeds in the grass near the surface.
they emit a quiet, but clearly audible abrupt chomping, which is very often heard at the feeding place of the flock. Sometimes caught rudd also chomp.You can learn about the presence of rudd close to the surface, for example, by seeing how several fish jump out of the water at once, frightened by a pike creeping up from below. In summer, the rudd is kept in the upper layers of the water, which is the basis for its catching in a fly-up. Most often, this fish stands in the windows among algae and reeds, at the edge of aquatic grasses and in other similar places, where, for the most part, it is caught. But, contrary to the assertions of some authors, rudd can be found quite far from the thickets. For example, they can be seen around individual trees that have fallen into the water, where all vegetation is represented by greenery growing on their trunks and small islands of algae near the coast.
The tackle for the throw-up is pretty simple. There is no particular need for a reel as you can make precise casts with light rigging. Casting accuracy is very important here, since you have to catch in strong places where there is a high risk of being caught. The line should be made a little shorter than the rod. The length of the rod is crucial here. A cautious fish stands at the very surface and sees the angler much better than he does it, so you should not get too close to it. The rod should be at least four meters long, with a flexible tip and as light as possible. Very long rods are, perhaps, also inconvenient, because when fishing in a throw-up, the rod must be held in hand and constantly cast, and for this it must be maneuverable enough.
A small hook is chosen, special attention is paid to the float, which should have a minimum size – only about 1.5 cm in length, and be spindle-shaped. It is easy to make a sufficient number of such floats on your own from foam, and it is not necessary to paint them. The float is put on the line through the axial hole and wedged in the right place in any convenient way. In theory, there should not be sinkers, but if the wind interferes with casting or the rod is not quite suitable for such a light rig, you have to put a light little sinker. The distance from the float to the hook should be somewhere between 12-30 cm. It is best to catch a meat or housefly, thrusting it from the head. You can catch other insects, say, grasshoppers, but the fly is more convenient because of its prevalence and availability. Do not disdain rudd and worms, bloodworms, bread crumbs and even pieces of fish.
When catching rudd in a throw-up, tune in to an active search for fish. In the absence or weakening of the bite, you should not linger in one place, it is better to return to it later, after trapping other characteristic habitats of the rudd. An insect planted on a hook is thrown into a window or along the edge of aquatic vegetation, where the rudd is most likely to stay. If there is a fish and drew attention to the tossed bait, the bite follows immediately. If there is no bite, it is necessary, after waiting 20-30 seconds, to reload it immediately, since the fish reacts to the insect falling into the water. It is good if the fly planted on the hook continues to flutter. The rudd bites quickly and fairly correctly, although the small one sometimes breaks off or throws the nozzle
As a bait for rudd, you can use pieces of bread that are thrown during fishing. You should not throw it too much, because, carried away by large pieces of bread, the rudd sometimes ceases to pay attention to the fly. If the fish still prefers bread, ignoring insects, then in such a situation it is reasonable to fish for bread, saving precious flies. Rudd, especially larger specimens, some anglers successfully catch on spinning. Yes, yes – rudd is carnivorous and often behaves like a predator, chasing fish fry. Fish juveniles, although generally not a very large, but still a stable part of the rudd menu. Therefore, it is possible to catch it both with live bait and spinning on all kinds of artificial lures – small spinning spoons, wobblers, jigs.
Since the expected weight of the prey does not exceed half a kilogram, an ultralight class spinning rod will be optimal. A rod designed for lures up to 7 g and a length of 1.8-2.7 m, medium action. Small non-inertia reel with finely adjusted brake. A fishing line no thicker than 0.12-0.17 mm is wound on it. For lures and wobblers, it can be any high-quality monofilament. For jigs, the thinnest braid is more justified, although the individual adherence of the angler to a particular tackle plays a role here.
The choice of baits suitable for rudd is very wide. These are, first of all, spinning lures №№ 00-1: “Aglia Long 00” and “Black Fury 00”, attacks “Aglia 0 Spin Fly” – this lure is equipped with a single hook with a fly and almost does not cling to the grass, which very important in our case when thin lines are used. Among the wobblers are: “Rebel Tadfiy”, “Rebel Crickhopper”, “Cordell Wee Shad”, “Ruzho Pare” – both floating and sinking models. The jigs are selected in a light class, with a head weight of about 3 g, they are used with various combinations of twisters. In terms of popularity among anglers, in the first place are turntables and jigs, which are gaining popularity lately.