When choosing a reel, an experienced spinner first of all draws attention to such parameters as the reel mass and size, the number of ball or roller bearings and the places where they are installed, the spool's forest capacity (availability of spare spools), and the gear ratio. The reel must be clearly balanced with the rod, that is, when its class corresponds to the class of the rod. There are the following varieties of spinning reels: inertial disk, multiplier and inertialess. And we need to choose a reel so that the wallet does not lose much weight, and the reel itself is convenient, practical and meets the fishing conditions. Consider each option and try to answer the question posed in the title.
In Russia, already at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries there was a serious spinning school. It was then that the first perfect disk coils appeared, called a little later inertial. They had little in common with their simplified current versions of the Nevskaya or Kievskaya type. The best samples were equipped with a drum, the weight of which did not exceed 30 g. Such reels made it possible to cast even light baits. As a matter of fact, the development of spinning fishing began with these coils. It is enough to recall the Nottingham method of fishing “spinning”, well known from the history of spinning. The inertia device is rather primitive: a drum, a sleeve, a body with an axis and an arm with tabs for attaching the reel to the rod handle. To this we add brake ratchet and in some models the presence of ball bearings.
Older anglers are probably familiar with the various types of such reels, the most popular of which was Nevskaya and its many imitations due to the efforts of craftsmen. The main disadvantages of inertia are the lack of a reduction gear and the frequent formation of “beards”, especially with long casts. Now inertial disk coils are mainly used by submariners. At the same time, not being a maximalist by nature, I calmly relate to those spinningists who still use disk inertial coils, especially in the Russian outback. Moreover, returning mentally to my young years, I gratefully recall my simple spinning rods with inertial coils, which brought me pood taimen and quick “erratic” lenoks. True, for the day of working with such a coil (with direct transmission), the hand got tired incredibly. Difficulties also arose when fishing for especially large specimens of fish, when a rapidly escaping predator accelerated the reel to such revolutions that braking with a “rattle”, and more often manually, usually turned around with bleeding fingers.
The main differences (they are also advantages) of a multiplier coil from a disk inertial one are as follows. "Cartoons" have not a direct but a reduction gear, that is, the spool is set in motion by means of a gear rigidly fixed to the axis of the handle. The reducer allows the spool to make several revolutions in one revolution of the handle. The gear ratio, for example, of various models of the well-known Ambassadeur coil (Abu Garcia firm) ranges from 4.1: 1 to 6.3: 1. The second difference is that modern multipliers have a mechanism for disabling the spool drive during casting. And the third difference is a reliable friction brake.
When casting, the fishing line escapes from a rotating spool, enclosed between two side compartments, in which on one side of the reel there is a logging mechanism, and on the other, a mechanism for driving and disconnecting the spool. Modern multiplier coils are equipped with a centrifugal mechanical or magnetic brake. Fine adjustment of the brake system allows you to avoid the formation of "beards" during casting, greatly facilitates the survival of fish, especially large ones. When choosing a multiplier reel, I recommend paying attention to the gap between the sides of the spool and the reel body. It should not exceed 0.2 mm. Only in this case the probability of getting into the gap of a thin fishing line is excluded.
Any real spinning player knows a simple rule: when inertialess reels do not cope with the loads, there is a need for multipliers. This is the first thing to consider when choosing such a coil. If you are a fan of catching catfish, taimen, meter-long pike, large salmon, and so on, the shortest path to luck can be provided by "cartoons" designed to deal with large fish in both fresh and salt waters. On the other hand, today there are models of lightweight multiplier reels designed for casting bait weighing from 4-5 g. With this reel, you can successfully catch fish weighing up to a kilogram: ide, chub, rudd, etc. In general, it is believed that “cartoons” They last longer than inertialess coils, but they are also much more expensive. In addition, when choosing such a coil, you should first of all be guided by the conditions of fishing.
Multipliers of the Am-bassadeur series of the Swedish company Abu Garst, for example, are among the best for today. But even any perfect coil has its drawbacks. Speaking generally about "cartoons", they have the following disadvantages:
– to cast bait, you always need free space behind your back. In this case, there should be no obstacles in the form of bushes or trees. This is explained by the fact that when casting a strong swing is always needed;
– in the event that you adjust the brake poorly, tangling of the fishing line (“beard”) is possible during casting;
– for each new weight of the bait during fishing, you have to deal with additional tuning of the braking systems;
– One of the most serious drawbacks is the lack of interchangeable spools with fishing line of different diameters. However, now they are already starting to produce animators with a removable additional spool.
In professional spinning sports, it is generally accepted that inertialess reels should be used to cast baits weighing up to 10 g, the rest of the test range should belong to multipliers. At the same time, the best "cartoons" of the light class allow you to make quite distant casts, even with the weight of baits 5-10 g and, accordingly, you can use not only monofilament, but also "braids" of the finest sections. The most famous companies today produce multiplier reels designed for casting lures in the test range: 4-30 g (light class), 6-60 g (medium), 40-200 g (heavy), as well as marine multipliers. Including heavy-duty for catching tuna, marlin, shark and other marine giant fish.
Unlike inertialess, the transverse position of the axis of the spool relative to the rod and the upper position of the reel allow the angler to control the winding of the line, passing the latter through the thumb and forefinger of the hand holding the rod. At the same time, with your fingertips, you feel the movement of the bait thicker than water and can more quickly respond to a mild bite. Especially with stepped bottom wiring. The problem of using multiplier coils is associated with the inertia of rotation of the spool. Having gained speed during casting, it tends to maintain speed even at the moment when the bait begins to lose it. As a result, the so-called line dashing fuss, which is always fraught with confusion. Therefore, recently all “cartoons”, including “soap dishes”, are equipped with braking devices that regulate the rotation of the spool, the effect of which minimally affects the casting distance. A centrifugal brake restrains the rotation of the spool in the initial stage of casting, and a mechanical brake in the final stage. The strength of the latter is set depending on the weight of the bait. And, of course, the thumb plays a significant role in controlling the braking of the spool during casting.
A few years ago, Daiva developed a unique Magforce-V sensory magnetic braking system for multiplier reels that subtly responds to changes in spool rotation. With a 100% preservation of the casting range, it absolutely eliminates inertia, preventing the formation of a "beard". In the process of fishing, an experienced spinner usually uses a looser brake to ensure a longer casting distance, and it is advisable for a beginner to follow the instructions or advice of a more trained friend. A multiplier reel is mounted above the rod handle. Usually there are coils for sale on the right hand, but some companies now produce "cartoons" and under the left. In this case, if you are right-handed, you will not need to shift the rod from one hand to another every time after casting. Although, on the other hand, it is more convenient to do complex wiring with the right hand, to fish for large fish.
Before casting, the angler lightly touches the spool with his thumb, which he then releases by pressing a special button, key or flat lever (on especially large and powerful reels). A kind of drawback of all the "cartoons" is that for any throw swing is necessary. This is not very convenient when fishing from a wooded shore and in other cramped conditions, when casting is required by wrist movement of the hand. In addition, the trajectory of the bait must be higher than in the case of an inertia-free reel, since the danger of line fishing is always greater at low castings. At the beginning of the winding, the spool turns on automatically.
Smooth smooth rotation of the spool is ensured by ball or roller bearings, and the minimum clearance between the spool and the coil body eliminates the possibility of getting the thinnest fishing line into this gap. All modern coils are equipped with a locking device that prevents the drive handle from rotating in the opposite direction. Some models are equipped with a ratchet brake, which makes them more convenient for catching the "track". The earned ratchet signals the angler about the bite of the fish, its self-cutting, or with a bottom hook. For multipliers, rods with a recessed reel seat are more suitable, providing almost parallel movement of the line relative to the rod. The lower part of the handle usually has a special support hook for the index finger of the angler.
author: Kazantsev V.
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