How to Choose a Fishing Rod

Your step-by-step guide to choosing the most important part of your fishing arsenal.

Choosing a fishing rod can feel overwhelming. There’s a lot to think about, and a poor choice can mean an empty cooler or even a broken fishing pole! Thankfully, this guide will show you all you need to know to make the right decision.

Rod Length

Rod length is one of the first things you’ll be considering when buying a new fishing rod. Here’s what you should know.  Longer rods typically make for longer casts, but they’re a lot harder to maneuver.
Conversely, shorter rods give you a lot more control, but you’re pretty limited with how far you can throw the line.

How to Choose a Fishing Rod
Let’s say you’re fishing underwater structure from a kayak.  In this situation, you don’t really need to cast that far. What you do need is a rod that’s easy to handle. This is where a 5–7′ rod really shines. Shorter rods are also more powerful, so if you’re gunning for large fish, this is the way to go.

How to Choose a Fishing Rod


On the other hand, if you’re wading or throwing topwater lures, a longer 8+ foot rod can be a life-saver.
Swinging these rods can seem like a chore, but you’ll be able to make some seriously long casts.
For beginners, most anglers will agree that a 7′ fishing pole is a good all-round choice.

Materials

Rod materials have a huge impact on performance, so knowing which one to choose will have a massive effect on your fishing success. The three most common rod materials are:

  • Fiberglass
  • Graphite
  • Composite (a mixture of the two)

Fiberglass Rods

  • How to Choose a Fishing Rod

The old reliable of the angling world, fiberglass fishing rods have been around for ages. Strong and enduring, these rods can really take a beating. They’re also easy to make, which makes them relatively affordable, too. Because of their pliable nature, fiberglass rods provide limited feedback, and that makes lighter bites a lot harder to detect. They’re also relatively heavy, making them less than ideal if you’re fighting fish for a long time.


Graphite Rods

How to Choose a Fishing Rod

If you ever looked at a graphite rod, you probably noticed those IM6, IM7, and IM8 markers.  These are identifiers for different degrees of stiffness, a.k.a. modulus. Without getting too scientific, here’s why this is important.


The higher the modulus, the stiffer the material.  In other words, with a stiffer graphite, a manufacturer can use less material to achieve the same stiffness. What that means for you is a lighter rod. Another great thing about graphite rods is that they’re very sensitive to bites. This, along with the lighter weight, can make casting and overall handling a real joy.  But it’s not all sunshine and rainbows with these rods. Because they’re stiffer, graphite rods can be a lot more brittle, too. Another drawback is the price, which is often steeper compared to a fiberglass rod of the same class. 

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Composite Rods

A mixture of graphite and fiberglass, composite fishing poles give you all the flexibility you need without adding much weight or sacrificing sensitivity. In plain English, this is how you get to handle a 100-test lb line on a 20–30 lb frame rod. Because they’re so versatile, composite rods are a great choice if you’re used to fishing a variety of different waters.

How to Choose a Fishing Rod
As you’d expect, composite rods are the most expensive variety out there. There’s no denying that they get the fish aboard, it’s just a matter of if the extra cost is worth it for you.

Rod Action

Action is on of the key performance components of a fishing pole. Defined by the shape of the rod and its material, action dictates how much and where your rod will bend.  It also controls the speed at which the rod goes from “loaded” back to its original position.  Obviously, action has a major influence on the way you handle your rod as well as what kind of fish you’ll be able to land with it. The three main rod actions are:

How to Choose a Fishing Rod

  • Fast (heavy)
  • Medium
  • Slow (light

Fast Action


Fast action rods bend at the uppermost part, right below the tip.They’re sensitive to the lightest of nibbles, sending vibrations straight to your hand. Fast rods can snap back very quickly, which is ideal for powerful hook setting. Speaking of hooks, fast action rods work well with single hooks, and worms as well as large jigs. Thanks to their fast moving tips and strong backbones, fast action rods are great for pulling fish out of heavy cover. The strong backbone also allows you to pursue some very large fish.

Medium Action


Medium action rods bend in the top half of the pole. They provide good hook-setting capabilities and feedback and allow you to cast decently far. Because they move a bit slower than fast action rods, medium action rods work well with multiple-hook setups. They also give the fish more time to bite. That doesn’t mean that you can’t use single hooks, mind you. It’s just that medium action rods give you the added versatility. Versatility also means that you can catch fish big and small, as well as try out a number of different waters.


Slow Action


Bendable all the way to the butt of the rod, slow action rods make battling even the smallest critter a lot of fun.
If you like fishing for Panfish or Trout, you’re gonna love these. Slow action rods allow for truly impressive casts. That said, you really have to match your lure size to the rod when casting.  A good rule of thumb to follow is to use the smallest lure that allows you a good cast. Why small lures? Because unlike the fast-setting heavy action rods, slow action rods need time to lodge the hook inside a fish’s mouth.  Treble hooks work particularly well in these situations, because their small tips require less pressure to penetrate the fish. Other fast moving lures like spinners and rattle baits are good choices, too.

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Rod Power

Closely related to rod action, power is a rod’s capability to withstand pressure. As you’re probably guessing, heavier rods are good for larger fish, while lighter ones work better for smaller ones. Using the same logic, you’ll want to use heavier lines with heavy rods and light lines with light rods. There’s obviously some leeway here, but you generally want to stick close to the markings written on the rod blank. Use too heavy a rod and the line might snap. Too heavy a line, and the same might happen to the rod.

How to Choose a Fishing Rod
Rod power typically goes from Ultra Light, Light, to Medium, Medium Heavy, to Heavy and Ultra Heavy.
Keep in mind that a heavy offshore rod and a heavy Bass rod are two completely different things. One might be rated for a 25 lb line and the other for a 80 lb line.

Markings


Alright, you now know what goes into choosing a fishing rod. But how do you actually know that the rod you just picked up is the type you’re looking for?  Well for one, almost all fishing poles have clear markings on them. These numbers and letters will tell you all you need to know about the rod you’re looking at. The first three or four numbers you’ll typically see are connected to the length of the rod.  The type of action comes second, followed by the recommended line and lure weights.bWhat you’re looking at is a medium heavy 7′ 3″ spinning rod. It’s made to handle lines of 10–15 pounds and lures from ¼ to ¾ ounces. The number “2” after “73” signifies that this is a two-part rod.

Components

Most of the rod parameters we talked about are part of the rod blank, i.e. the actual stick. Those aside, there are a few other rod components you should know about before choosing a fishing rod.

Rod Guides

How to Choose a Fishing Rod
By now, you must be thinking “Do I really need to know about rod guides too?” We can’t blame you, but you’d be surprised by how much these little rings can affect the quality of your angling.  There’s not a lot to them, but there are a couple of things you should know about. Most guides are made out of metal with a ceramic coating on the inside. The coating reduces friction on the line, allowing it to move smoothly. Almost every modern fishing rod has guides with ceramic coating these days. If you happen to see one with crude metal guides, we’d advise that you avoid buying it.

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The second thing you should pay attention to is the number of guides. For example, a 7’ rod can have anywhere from 6–9 guides.  As a rule of thumb, the more guides a rod has, the better. More guides will distribute stress on the line and rod more evenly, and allow you to cast with more precision.  Having more guides will cost more, so it’s ultimately up to you to decide how many you want to have.


Rod handle

How to Choose a Fishing Rod


The rod handle is the component you’ll be in contact with the most and this makes it uniquely important for your fishing success. There are a couple of things you should pay attention to when choosing a rod handle. These are the handle shape and material. 

Handle Shape

Rod handles come in many shapes, but two stand out as the most common. These are:

  • Pistol grip
  • Trigger stick


The pistol grip is a short, contoured handle with a hook for your index finger. This type of handle is great for casting accuracy and precise jigging movements. The trigger stick is a longer handle that allows you to cast with both hands.
It allows you to cast much further than the pistol grip, and is generally better when battling larger species.

Handle Material

How to Choose a Fishing Rod

Rod handles come in two basic materials:

  • Cork
  • EVA foam


Cork is a more comfortable material, offering more cushion and warmth on a cold day. It’s also a lot more sensitive than foam, transferring vibrations up to three times as much. EVA is a lot more durable than cork, and is considerably more affordable. EVA is also easier to clean, and it doesn’t get dents nearly as much as cork.

Between the two materials, cork is probably the option for avid anglers. For those who don’t want to stress about keeping their gear clean and tidy, foam is probably the better option.

Nowadays, you can even find carbon fiber handles which boast excellent sensitivity, but without any reliability issues. Similar to the rod blank debate, carbon fiber is a superior alternative, but it will stretch your budget a bit more. Knowing how to choose a fishing pole doesn’t come easily. There’s a lot to consider, especially if you’re buying one for the first time.


The good news is that you can avoid a lot of the guesswork just by knowing what you need your rod for, plus a few tricks that we mentioned above. We hope that this guide has helped you set the right course. All you need to do now is pick!