On small and medium-sized rivers, the usual trophy trophies are 20-100 grams of small fish – gudgeon, roach, dace, rudd, scavenger, silver bream, carp, etc. Therefore, many believe, especially by looking at fishing competitions, where athletes take not the quality, but the quantity, that float fishing is only small things. However, it is not. Thanks to modern gear, baits and correctly selected nozzles, you can successfully and purposefully catch fish that are not ashamed to put in a pan or smoke.
The most important condition for successful fishing from half a kilogram on small and medium rivers, I consider the correct location of the fisherman. To identify the edges and pits or a flat in-depth table is the first priority. Finding recesses and dumps is easy. Especially on small rivers. Usually a steep coast indicates these relief features. But be sure, before equipping the fishing place, you should tap the bottom and carefully measure the depth using a depth gauge. After all, it happens that even under a steep bank, the depth is minimal – sand or silt is washed over by the current, and in this area, except for a gudgeon, dwarf tree, bleak and small roach, you can’t count.
The river’s extensions, where there are some changes in the nature of the course, are often visited in May and June by the largest representatives of cyprinids – bream, ide, chub, good roach, crucian carp. Areas of interest on the coast, overgrown with grass, mug, are very interesting. With a sufficient depth of more than 1.5 m, here, right under the shore, in the shade of vegetation, a large scavenger and bream love to stay. More than once I have caught breams over 1 kg in an ordinary five-meter swoop, posting over a lured table a meter from the border of coastal aquatic vegetation.
In late spring – early summer, areas with a calm course below rifts are very promising and interesting for fishing. And all summer, larger specimens like to stay here, collecting food brought by the current. And the old mill pools on the rivers are generally beyond competition. It is here that you can become the owner of a worthy trophy – ide, chub or significant roach. Tree trunks that fall into the water on small rivers also serve as a good guide. Numerous flocks of roach, chub and the company of striped perches are kept in the shadow of the trunk and branches. The bait should be thrown a few meters upstream of the fallen tree.
For fishing on small rivers there is no need to get too serious gear. Fish weighing 0.5-1 kg can quite successfully be caught with light graphite strips 5-7 m long. But often it is on a small river that a bolone is much more effective. Since often the largest, actively feeding, but shy, individuals are significantly lower upstream from the feeding table, the long-distance vacation of the equipment allows you to deliver the nozzle to this hone. On medium-sized rivers, longer rods will be required: swings 7–9 m long, 11–13-meter plug, and a bologna from 7 m or more. On the small rivers, the thinnest rigs should be installed, with the main fishing line with a diameter of 0.09-0.11 mm. On the middle rivers – 0.12-0.14 mm. And we must remember that the stronger the current, the thicker the fishing line should be used in a snap. This is due to the fact that when fighting on the course, the resistance of the fish increases significantly. The fish being caught on a jet is increasing in weight.
It depends very much on the choice of bait which fish and what size you will catch. As a base, you can use any finely divided purchased bait. Suspension and small fractions, washed out and demolished by the stream, serve to attract fish to the place of fishing from the downstream sections of the river. But here to keep larger individuals, you should try. It is very important to knead animal components in the bait. To get rid of small fish, I recommend adding not small fodder bloodworms to the bait, but a large one, at the rate of 50-70 g per 1 kg of bait. When fishing for bream, it is most effective to add maggot to the bait instead of bloodworm – about 0.1 l of maggot per kg of bait. In practice, it was verified that the maggot in the bait affects the composition of the catch. More than once during fishing, my friends and I compared the results. Caught nearby, but those who added bloodworms to the bait, caught roach and silver bream, and those who caught maggot in the bait, regularly pecked bream from 1 kg.
When catching ide and large bream, you should not be too lazy, get 200-300 g of the worm and finely chop it. And to feed the worm should be otherwise. If maggots or bloodworms are added directly to the bait, then the worm chopped into segments should be mixed in a separate container with clay or coastal soil and sculpted from this mixture. Feeding is carried out with five to six balls of ordinary bait and three or four balls of a worm with soil. This combination is most effective. It is also important to add large plant components to the bait: 50-100 g of canned corn per 1 kg of bait, a handful of steamed pearl barley per 1 kg of bait, the same amount of peas, either steamed or canned.
When catching large bream, crucian carp, carp, it can be very useful to use granulated compound feed in the bait at the rate of 200 g per 1 kg of the mixture. Few people use dried bird droppings as an additive to bait, and it works very well on all cyprinids. You can get a litter, for example, on a dovecote, having agreed with the owner – he will only be happy about this. The only unpleasant moment is that the litter must be thoroughly dried and crushed. In urban environments, this can be problematic.
We should not forget about all kinds of cereals. Of course, I don’t recommend feeding with porridge: it will quickly turn sour and then it will only scare away the fish. In my practice, there have been many cases when I got to the place where several days ago I was fed with porridge, and the bite in this place, in spite of all my tricks, was completely absent. But it was worth changing the place, and it turned out that the fish is quite active and perfectly caught. Therefore, porridge should be used as an additive to the bait mixture. I pour millet or corn grits with boiling water for a couple of hours and then evenly mix with bait in a pond at the rate of 150-200 g of cereal per 1-1.5 kg of dry bait mixture. It is useful to add porridge to the bait when fishing for bream and breeding.
It should be remembered that on the feeding table, first of all, a trifle is collected, which eats small fractions of the bait, rising and being demolished by the current. More solid fish, in contrast, collect larger particles and from the bottom. Therefore, the wiring should be done so that the nozzle slides along the bottom, while doing frequent braking for 5-10 seconds, so that the fish can slowly swallow the bait. In one English film about fishing, it was clearly shown with the help of an underwater camera located at the bottom how a large tench, carp and bream delved into the soil and lumps of bait, and a trifle fussed in the bottom layers, collecting bait "dust".
Large fish do not appear on bait immediately. It often happens that immediately after feeding you do not see any signs of the presence of solid fish. And only after 20-30 minutes downstream on the surface there are rows of bubbles that begin to slowly approach the feeding place. And when these bubbles reach the wiring zone, the bite of the bream begins. The spectacle is unforgettable.
Of the usual nozzles, the main ones on the river are a worm, maggot and bloodworm. With a weak bite or when catching small fish, one or two bloodworms, one maggot, and a piece of the worm are usually used. But in May days the fish is very hungry after a winter diet, and various trifles actively and aggressively peck at such modest miniature baits, preventing larger and less agile individuals from catching the bait. In this regard, the number of larvae planted on the hook should be increased. Yes, there will be less effective bites, but the quality of fishing will increase markedly.
By the way, do not rush to throw dead, bloodworm, bloodworms. In my practice, it was a large scavenger and bream that were more actively caught on a bunch of 6-8 decayed bloodworms than on live and dense larvae. Ideal for catching larger fish and flour worms. It is much larger than the maggot, it hangs on the hook much longer, it is more tenacious and there are much less problems with its storage. You can buy it at almost any pet store.
author Vladimir DOROFEEV