Agree, it is strange to fish in coastal algae and not think about what fish eats in these algae. “To everyone!” – a novice angler will exclaim. “Algae,” the more experienced would argue. “Including the smallest algae – phytoplankton,” his friend will add. A seasoned angler will confirm that they are right: “Algae and phytoplankton adore roach, rudd, grass carp, silver carp. But roach, for example, eats zooplankton all its life – cyclops, daphnia and various larvae. ” And a seasoned angler who is also interested in ichthyological literature will supplement all the opinions expressed: “Yet the main food for almost all types of fish is benthos – bottom larvae, insects, crustaceans, worms, mollusks.”
And what kind of bait are we catching, for example, the same crucian? Representatives of an alien water element – a worm, maggot! Many of my fishing trips in the early spring are connected with the Oskol River (Belgorod Region). I walk to the river two hundred meters, the places have been thoroughly studied for ten years of living in the city of Stary Oskol, the baits and baits applicable in this period of the year are also known. I don’t need a lot of fish, and breathing fresh air is good for any flowing water. And the places where I like to fish are practically not polluted with various wastes of human activity.
I meet Genka on these quiet shores almost always. He is an avid fisherman and lives in a house overlooking the river from all windows! When Genka goes fishing and baits, he never goes fishing – he gets them at the place of fishing. Where the stone will turn upside down on a shallow bottom, where it will pull a twig out of the water and carefully examine it, and somewhere in the reed, he will see and digest something with his hand. Soon you see Genka on the side chasing the float down the stream. Genka only recognizes wire fishing in the river. With the complete lack of bite at other anglers, this home never returns without a catch. And the fish in his cage is always large. Many anglers are jealous of Genkin’s catches, but no one seems to be in a hurry to learn from experience: you have to climb into the water, which is not always warm.
And in the water column and at the bottom there are many good bait. Mormysh, shitik, agrion, tubifex, grandmother, arrow, spring stonefish, scuba diving and diving beetles, carics, whiskers, water donkeys, snails, a lot of species of different leeches, etc. They swarm in the thickets of rides, yarrow and hornwort, are found in places of growth of aquatic vegetation with floating leaves, under stones at the bottom and in coastal snag. Catching crucian carp on non-traditional bait in different reservoirs has its own characteristics. For example, in the lower reaches of the Belaya River (Krasnodar Territory), you can not catch anything if the fisherman does not have a headstock. But ordinary nozzles require the fisherman to know the specifics of the reservoir. For carp of the Oskol River, for example, only a red dung worm is suitable. Bites on the earthworm are rare, other bait and baits, even bloodworms, are generally rejected by finicky fish. Another local feature is biting only on a worm lying on the bottom.
I also recall a lot of fishing trips in early spring in the large streams of the Kuban, flowing into large ponds, estuaries, swimming pools. There, crucians pecked well only when the bait sailed near a rare reed. Such fishing has always been successful at the mouths of these streams. Conclusion: each pond needs its own approach, that is, its own set of baits or baits used and the right tactics. What is the difference? Why is there no single approach to catching crucian carp in different regions? Silent nature! First of all, you have to dig in place and with your mind.
I think it is appropriate to consider other examples here. In April in the Kuban, daytime air temperatures can exceed 30 degrees. This sometimes happens even at the end of March. It is interesting that on such hot days, for example in estuaries, large crucian carp is found in reed beds. No, not at the border of reed and clean water, but in the thicket itself. Here, the illumination and temperature of the water sharply decrease and, therefore, the feed base of the crucian is impoverished. But of the two evils – heat and nourishment – crucian, obviously, chooses the lesser. Having driven a wooden boat 15-20 meters deep into the undergrowth and mowing an oblique window in the reed, you can successfully catch large crucian all day. Along the way, a large rudd, common carp, bastard also bite.
In the channels of the rice system, you observe other features of the bite. There are many canals laid at different levels, that is, waterfalls are often found, washing holes in the lower canal and small floodplains with boiling water. If you crouch at a distance from such a waterfall, you can observe the jumping of crucian carp into the waterfall. Under the waterfall, closer to the steep banks of the sunken crucian, the crucian is knocked into a huge flock. Any postings along the shores of such a submarine are effective, and the worm can be anything here. But in the same channels in late autumn without a panicle – mayfly larvae – fishing will not be successful. By the way, in the late autumn, shrimp meat pieces also work poorly. This bait is good in spring. And the closer the body of water to the Sea of Azov, the more prey this bait is. Local feature!
In spring, the angler is not up to rest. The biting of crucian carp began in suburban quarries. In shallow quarries, a carp the size of a palm pecks on a decoy-mash-up. In deep-sea quarries, large crucian carp moved. The intensity of the nibble is much higher in the ducts connecting the quarries with the river than in the quarries themselves. Here the main bait is a red dung worm and a panicle, of course. Many anglers can also be seen on the banks of various canals connected to the river. Sometimes the length of such a channel does not exceed 50-100 meters. The gateway is closed. The water in the canals is stagnant. The depth is not impressive – a meter and a half, two with a stretch. And a hundred fishermen catch carp daily from dark to dark.
But a real nibble awaits anglers when the dogrose and acacia bloom. And it will be on the forefront – from the first decade of May. And in April, only very experienced anglers catch well crucian carp. The rest will not help any baits and baits, superbait and even prayer. I think something from my experience can help some of the fishermen to master this not always simple fishing – catching crucian carp in the cold spring waters. True, I was not able to tell readers and half of what I would like to tell. Ask – I will answer!
author Anatoly GOGOLEV
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